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I have long planned to write an article about the pros and cons of electric and induction hobs, but I wanted to do it from a practical standpoint, which I now have every right to: for six years I have been cooking on an electric stove, which I recently replaced with a Pyramida IFEA 640 B induction hob, and now I can talk about the advantages and disadvantages of both solutions from my own experience.
What is better induction or electric hob: a complete analysis
Many newcomers instead of the old gas stove choose modern models of induction or electric stoves. This type of hobs is often installed after a major overhaul or failure of an old kitchen stove. They are more than superior to the usual gas stove models, as they are much more efficient and more convenient to use. Also, in new buildings, central gas supply is not always provided, so people decide to get a stand-alone stove.
At the time of purchase, a logical question arises: which is better to choose? To dot all the “i”, you need to thoroughly understand the principle of operation of the induction and electric panels and the difference between them.
Features of induction surfaces
What are the features of induction panels? The article mentions that they have a negative effect on other kitchen appliances. In this regard, the question arises: are they harmful to the human body? The answer will follow positive: the influence, though small, but it is. Therefore, in order to minimize the impact of the induction panel, you must follow a few simple rules:
- the ferromagnetic bottom of the pan must necessarily cover the entire area of the burner;
- when the device is turned on, it is not recommended to cling to it with your whole body;
- it is better to mix the dish with a wooden object, not a metal one.
In addition, induction has another significant disadvantage compared to electric — a rather loud noise during operation. This is due to the fact that the fan is constantly running to cool this equipment. Without it, the operation of the stove is impossible, because if it is not cooled down, it will overheat and turn off.
How do hobs work?
Induction and electric stoves with a glass-ceramic panel, which are not much different at first glance, work in completely different ways.
In an electric stove, the energy supplied by the resistor is converted into heat. In other words, the current first heats the hob itself, and only after that the thermal energy is transferred to the dishes. This principle of operation is typical for both simpler models and advanced ones made using Hi-Light technology.
In an induction cooker, a high-frequency generator placed under the burner creates eddy currents that are fed to the dishes. All cookware for the induction hob is a conductorthanks to which thermal energy is directed to the pot or pan, bypassing the heating of the surface itself.
Due to the radically different principle of operation, electric and induction cookers have their own pros and cons.
The electric hob heats up to 500 degrees during operation!
Of course, it would never occur to anyone to touch the red circle with their hands. However, after turning off, when the circle goes out, do not forget about the aforementioned inertia.
This is where you can get a painful burn. There is no mention of children at all. These curious creatures are simply attracted by the “bright red sun” on the black surface.
And pets, having walked on the stove with their paws, can easily turn it on in your absence (if you forgot to turn on the lock when you left).
Therefore, the safety of electrical panels, despite the absence of an open flame, is at a very low level.
In induction, even when the power is on and the pan is removed from the surface, the automation immediately gives an error and turns off the stove after a while without your participation.
The surface remains cold even during cooking.
The only thing you can burn yourself on here is the dishes.
Electric hob: all the pros and cons
The advantages of this variety include the following indicators:
- plate models are made in a variety of colors, which allows you to create a harmonious interior design;
- heating occurs relatively quickly and smoothly;
- the air temperature in the room is maintained due to the residual thermal effect;
- no grids required for dishes;
- convenient and easy cleaning of the plate.
- does not have a deflection of the surface, due to its absence, spilled liquids spread everywhere;
- limited load weight;
- does not tolerate the ingress of substances that include sugar;
- requires the use of dishes with a suitable bottom diameter and material of manufacture.
The nuances of the right choice
In order for you to be as satisfied with the purchase as possible and not regret it later, you need to understand the nuances of choosing plates. Above, we already wrote that there are a lot of their varieties. Not all of them are suitable for home use. Moreover, if you want to feel the cost-effectiveness of such panels, you need to deal with all their details.
When choosing an induction hob, be sure to specify which burners are on it. The fact is that induction panels are a kind of electric ones, but with their own special principle of operation. Outwardly, all types of electrical panels — induction, rapid, spiral, tape, halogen — are similar, but each has its own technology. They are easy to confuse.
On some models, only one dish can be cooked. They do not have the ability to cook several at once. Do not forget to clarify this nuance. If you take a stove for your home, then do not choose from too expensive ones. They tend to have very different features that you won’t need. Such panels are designed for use in restaurants and cafes. Induction panels have the largest variety on the market. In addition to various colors, you can also choose a shape: square, round, arcuate, six- or triangular. And some studios create panels according to individual drawings. If you do not plan to change the dishes to those specially designed for this type of panels, then buy a special adapter disc.
There are already many different brands on the market that offer induction. But choose panels only from manufacturers you trust. Do not be fooled by the low price of an unknown company. It is better to pay more money than to throw away the purchase after a month. A small family should look at small models with two heating zones. But if you have to cook a lot, then it is better to choose those that have many burners. Remember that some models have a function to increase the heating zone. Thanks to it, large dishes can be placed on the stove.
Be sure to measure the parameters of the place where you plan to put the purchase. This is necessary so that there are no gaps between the panel and other surfaces. They are quite large, so they need quite a lot of space. If this is just a hob, then it cannot be placed above the oven.
See if the selected model has a residual heat indicator. It is convenient in that you will know exactly how long to wait until the dishes are fully heated.
Check panel quality. Tap on her. It must be dense and durable. Study it carefully. If there are scratches on it even before purchase, it is better to leave it in the store. Below we will introduce you to the pros and cons of an induction cooker.
Advantages and disadvantages of the induction cooker
In recent years, this type of hob has received a resounding success. Despite this, it has both advantages and disadvantages.
This is useful! Induction models at low prices
Its positive characteristics include the following indicators:
- in operation it is recognized as the safest model, since the dishes and their contents are heated, and not the work surface;
- a variety of dishes are suitable, including aluminum and enamel;
- many models are equipped with an additional security system that excludes the inclusion of burners when there are no dishes on the stove;
- significant reduction in energy consumption.
The negative qualities of the induction cooker include the following characteristics:
- requires proper installation, it is forbidden to put it above the dishwasher or washing machine, oven;
- you can not use dishes that are not amenable to magnetization, that is, that do not have negative ferromagnetic properties;
- labor-intensive care, since it requires the use of special detergents that are removed from the surface with a towel;
- does not tolerate the ingress of substances and liquids with sugar.
To figure out which panel is better and how they differ, consider a table that compares devices.
|Characteristics||Electric stove||Induction cooker|
|Heating rate||The dishes heat up in a couple of minutes.||Heating up in a few seconds|
|Tableware||Utensils of various shapes are used||Cookware with ferromagnetic properties and a smooth bottom is used|
|Control||There are both touch and mechanical control||Touch adjustment|
|Safety||There is a small chance of getting burned||The device is safe, but not recommended for use by people with pacemakers.|
|Energy saving||Increased electricity consumption||Low power consumption|
|cleansing||Contaminants are easily removed||Removing stains with a soft sponge|
|Noise||Low noise||Quiet buzz|
Choosing the right dishes
The electric stove is compatible with cooking utensils made of a variety of materials. Uniform heating directly depends on the size and density of the materialfrom which the dishes are made. In order for the hob to fully cope with the task, it is necessary to choose pots and pans with a flat thick bottom.
Important! It is not recommended to use thin-walled dishes, which are more susceptible to deformation during periodic temperature changes. The size of the cookware must match the diameter of the burners. If the pan is smaller than the burner, then there is a constant loss of heat energy.
If ducklings, grill pans and other dishes with an asymmetric shape are often used, then you should choose an electric panel model with elongated oval burners or burners with several circuits.
In this matter, the induction hob is more whimsical than the electric one. Despite the fact that absolutely any diameter of dishes is suitable, the main criterion is the presence of ferromagnetic properties in the material of manufacture. When purchasing a new stove, do not rush to completely update the kitchen utensils. You can buy special cookware for induction ovens, and you can also use old enamel and cast iron pans, as they are prone to “magnetism”.
There is an alternative way to use the induction surface, which requires a magnetic disk adapter. With its help, thermal energy is directed to the bottom of the dishes, so you can not buy kitchen utensils with a magnetic bottom. It seems that you saved the family budget, but in fact it is not. Using a magnetic disk adapter the induction furnace starts to work on the principle of electric, which leads to a significant consumption of electricity.
Meticulous users, in order to find out which stove heats up faster, carried out real measurements. For this, two pots of the same type were taken with the same temperature of the water and the walls of the case.
Next, it was necessary to find out which stove will boil water faster? Induction has always coped with this task several times faster than a simple electric one.
This is again explained by the exclusion of an extra intermediary from the process. Everything is elementary.
Fewer elements in heat transfer, faster heating. Is it always convenient? It turns out that it doesn’t.
For example, when heating something liquid with solid pieces, the liquid will boil quickly, but these very pieces will not warm up immediately. With such food, it is better to initially set the power a little less.
By the way, manufacturers of cheap inductions often deceive their customers. A burner circle of the same size is drawn on the surface, but in fact there is an inductor coil of a much smaller diameter inside.
Hence the lower heating rate and greater overheating of the central zone. As a result, all the food that gets into the center of the pan will burn, and vice versa along the edges.
How to find out at home without disassembling the panel? Elementary. Put a frying pan much larger than the drawn circle on the stove, pour water into it and turn it on to the maximum.
After a minute, you will see the real diameter of the heating zone by the formed bubbles.
Each housewife in such a simple way can find out how good and high-quality the induction panel was sold to her. Remember that a small inductor on a large pot gradually leads to uneven heating and deformation of the bottom.
Ease of use
When using an electric hob, you will need a huge amount of patience. This is what will help to prepare food without nerves and put up with slow heating or cooling dishes. If the burner of the electric stove heats up instantly, then the dishes gradually gain and drop the temperature. To slow down the “fire”, you will need to go through the stages of a gradual decrease in temperature.
The induction surface is much more convenient in this matter. She is instantly heats the dishes and quickly resets the set temperature.
In care, both models require the use of a separate sponge and detergents designed for cleaning glass-ceramic surfaces.
Many housewives are frightened by the harmful electromagnetic radiation that all induction cookers have.
Radiation is definitely there. However, it does not have a harmful effect on you, even if you put your head on the stove itself. You are not a cyborg with iron brains to create eddy currents.
During normal use of the panel, when you cook food at a distance of 20–30 cm from its surface, there is also no negative effect.
At a distance of up to 10 cm from the plate, the intensity of the electromagnetic field is about 140 volts / meter. At a distance of up to 0.5 m, it drops to 15 V / m. And here are the acceptable values of this indicator:
Some mistakenly compare induction cookers with a microwave. But there are completely different frequencies. The microwave has microwaves (super high frequencies) that cause the water molecules to resonate. From their friction, water boils. And our body, including the brain, just consists of water.
However, we still use microwave ovens. Induction cookers are much safer in this regard.
Measurements were even taken and it turned out that the electric magnetic field near the stove is ten times less than near the electric hair dryer, with which you regularly dry your hair and bring it directly to your head.
However, people who wear special pacemakers need to be very careful.
The electromagnetic field of the plate under certain conditions is quite capable of damaging such a device. Therefore, in order not to take risks, the instructions usually prescribe that people with such diseases should be at least 30 cm from the surface of the panel.
But this is a standard reinsurance of manufacturers of such equipment. Separate instructions for microwave ovens in the United States even state that wet cats should not be dried in them.
Also, do not forget about bank cards and magnetic passes. They should not be brought too close to the stove during cooking, they can become demagnetized.
According to this indicator, the induction furnace passes the laurels of the winner to the electric one. The latter is absolutely silent in operation, and the former constantly shows signs of “life”. She is makes various sounds, crackles every time the radiator of the transistor and the fan hidden from the eyes are turned onresponsible for cooling the coil.
The resulting noise is not particularly annoying, and over time, stove users do not notice sounds and completely get used to the “induction” mode of operation.
How safe are household appliances?
Unlike the usual electric stoves, modern models are safer to use. Comparing electric and induction hobs, we can say that the former are significantly inferior to the latter in terms of safety. In addition to the fact that the induction cooker does not heat up its surface, it does not require increased vigilance while cooking, as it happens when working with an electric one.
Also produced models of hobs (both induction and electric) have additional functions:
- child protection and control lock;
- overheat protection;
- residual heat indicator;
- auto power off;
- dish recognition sensor.
What is better to choose?
|Safety for everyday use||Yes||Yes|
|Stove Care||additional funds required||standard|
|Surface material||glass ceramic, tempered glass||glass ceramic, enamel|
|Price||high||there are models available|
|Child lock||there is||No|
|Control||display, mechanical or pushbutton switches||electronic or mechanical turn signals|
In pursuit of savings
When buying a hob, it is important not only to look at the cost of the model, but also to calculate how much its operation will cost. From the above advantages, the conclusion suggests itself: an induction furnace consumes electricity more economically, so its operation is much cheaper. But at the same time the price of the new “induction” is higher than the electric stove.
Also worth considering the cost of buying new cookwareif there is no hob suitable for the burners.
How to choose the right model
Before buying, it may be difficult to choose a hob. How to choose? Which one to buy? You can refer to reviews of different models or make a purchase, paying attention to the following characteristics:
- Manufacturing firm. The more famous the manufacturer, the greater the chance to purchase a quality product.
- Energy efficiency class. The higher it is, the more economically the stove works. The best option is A+.
- Number of temperature modes. The more of them, the easier it is to set the most suitable temperature for a particular dish.
- Surface. Focus on aesthetic sensations to choose a design suitable for the interior of the kitchen.
- Burner sizes. If the cookware for induction is purchased in advance or the kitchen already has suitable pots, it will not be superfluous to choose a surface whose burners are the same size as the bottom of the existing cookware.
- Number of burners. Everyone has their own needs. If one person is enough for one person, then four may not be enough for a large family. For such cases, there are panels with a continuous heating zone instead of burners. You can put as many pots as you can fit.
Induction cooker or electric: reviews on the forums
We have looked at a lot of reviews on various forums and would like to share some of them with our readers (spelling and punctuation preserved):
I had an electric hob in my previous apartment, now it’s induction … this is heaven and earth, in my opinion, and the most important thing for me is precisely in the matter of maintaining the appearance of the stove — if I endlessly cleaned, wiped, scrubbed the glass electric hob, it’s enough it was necessary to “miss” pasta or potatoes and all the liquid that overflowed over the edge instantly burned on this surface, then with induction it’s just relaxation — even if the porridge overflows over the edge — just take a cloth wiped and that’s it, not a single speck in one movement and there is no smell, even if milk “ran away” is a super-trick, in my opinion.
Induction from all others, by and large, heats the water faster only and heats the working area much less. The surface of the stove heats up only from the dishes themselves, unlike other designs. When cooking, you can cover the entire surface with a paper towel so that you do not wipe it later, do not use “chemistry”.
For a year they were satisfied with the induction from artiston, until the husband dropped the mug to the very edge, the crack went through two burners, I don’t know if it can now be used.
I have an ordinary glass-ceramic, and once I was visiting a friend, she has an induction cooker. I realized that here you need to adapt, it heats up so quickly that the food burns instantly.
TOP 3 best induction
Electrolux IPE 6453 KF
An interesting model that has earned high marks from experts in the field of kitchen appliances.
Presented in a strict yet ultra-stylish design, the hob with the ability to combine induction hobs to create a single work area.
The surface is able to automatically recognize the presence of dishes, is compatible with kitchen utensils of any size and is ideal for installation in both large and small kitchens.
- rated power — 7.4 kW;
- switches — touch;
- burner timer — yes;
- dimensions for embedding — 59x49 cm.
- auto-sync settings;
- changing the diameter of the burners;
- automatic exhaust control;
- convenient mode adjustment;
- child protection.
- too sensitive panel;
- rapid surface contamination;
- The device requires careful maintenance.
A highly reliable device that combines German quality and attractive appearance.
Advanced model with built-in power consumption indicator and power limit function.
The design is equipped with a burner timer and is complemented by the adjustment of sound signals — this option will be especially useful for families with small children.
- rated power — 7.4 kW;
- switches — touch;
- burner timer — yes;
- dimensions for embedding — 56x49 cm.
- simple slider control;
- recognition of the presence of dishes;
- economical energy consumption;
- suspension of the cooking process;
- strict design.
- no frame;
- dishes should be placed carefully.
Hotpoint-Ariston IKIA 640 C
A unit for independent installation, which will complement the overall interior of the kitchen, making it more attractive.
Powerful induction glass-ceramic hob with four heating zones, smooth control and an indicator for determining the surface temperature.
For safe and comfortable work, the manufacturer equipped the design with a control panel lock button and backlight.
- rated power — 7.1 kW;
- switches — touch;
- burner timer — yes;
- dimensions for embedding — 56x49 cm.
- frontal location of the control panel;
- residual heat indication;
- burners of different diameters;
- intuitive interface;
- concise design.
- silent sound notifications;
- easily soiled case;
- oval heating zone is not provided.
So, after weighing all the pros and cons, the buyer will have to make a choice in favor of an electric or induction surface. Each of them has its own advantages, which can compensate for the shortcomings and thus seduce the future owner.
If you are not ready to immediately pay a tidy sum for the “induction”, then be prepared to pay a significant amount of monthly utility bills for using an electric stove. In most indicators, the induction surface wins and is ahead of the electric one.
If you have children in the kitchen all the time, then an induction hob will also be the best option in terms of safety.
However, if you are not ready to buy special cookware, then your choice is an electric stove.
What is this indicator and what does it say? Inertia — this is the time for maintaining heat after a power outage. Roughly speaking, how long the panel cools down.
In some cases, food in the cooking process takes a certain time to “reach” to the desired consistency — the effect of languishing.
And here this very inertia will be very useful. If you lower the temperature on the electric stove or turn it off completely, it will not cool down immediately.
Induction in this respect is closer to gas. Turned it off and the temperature immediately dropped. This is especially useful when something boils or “runs away” from the pan, and you need to instantly reset the temperature. Here, excessive inertia is already a problem.
To create the effect of inertia in induction, a pulsed languor mode is provided. That is, on a “small fire”, the weak boiling power is regulated approximately like this — it heats up for 3 seconds, not for 3 seconds.
Water at this time will either boil or cool down, which is not very convenient and will give an unpredictable cooking result. The problem is partly solved by dishes with a thick multilayer bottom.
Based on the foregoing, it is impossible to give an unambiguous answer to the question of which type of plate is better and which is worse in terms of inertia. Each hostess decides for herself.