Shock absorbers for washing machines are an important detail necessary to soften the vibrations of the drum during washing. They are placed under the drum and, like shock absorbers in a car, dampen vibration.
Like other parts, shock absorbers can wear out over time, perform their functions worse, as a result of which there will be strong vibration and a characteristic knock from the fact that the drum dangles and hits the walls of the washing machine. If this part is not replaced in time, the hatch cuff, springs and bearings will wear out faster, and soon the machine will need to be repaired.
Shock absorber device
There are two types of depreciation for washing machines:
- The classic type shock absorber is installed under the drum in washing machines of the past generation. This is the cylinder that houses the piston and the spring that returns it.
- Dampers are a more modern option. They do not have return springs; instead, a drum is suspended on the springs.
Most often, liners or gaskets are subject to wear, which are designed to give the part elasticity. The cylinder itself often also wears out — in this case it is no longer subject to repair.
If the cylinder was not damaged, but only began to perform its function worse, then in order to repair it, it will be enough to replace the gasket and liners. For dampers, repair kits and individual spare parts are not sold, so their repair is not possible. There is only one way out — to replace the entire shock absorber. It’s easy to do it yourself.
More complex breakdowns also occur: for example, the shock absorber is bent or even broken into pieces. Because of this, the drum will constantly beat against the walls of the washing machine, due to which the belt will fly off the engine, which will require more serious repairs than a simple replacement of the element.
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Removing and inspecting shock absorbers
Before repairing or replacing non-working shock absorbers, you must first make sure that the problem is really in them, because knocking in the drum may indicate another reason. To do this, you need to remove them from the washing machine. Sometimes you can do this from the bottom of the car, laying it on its side. But in many models there is a more complex device: it may be necessary to remove the back or front wall. The rear wall of the machine can be removed without much effort, just unscrew the bolts. But the front wall is more difficult to remove, you will have to perform several operations.
- After unscrewing the bolts located at the rear of the machine, slide the top cover of the machine back and remove.
- Remove the detergent drawer and remove the panel above the drain filter.
- Remove the control panel by unscrewing the mounting bolts.
- Remove cuff. To do this, pry off the clamp with a screwdriver, where it connects to the cuff, and remove it, and then remove the cuff.
- Now you can unscrew the bolts securing the front wall of the machine.
- Remove the wall from the hook, but the wires in the door lock can get in the way. To fix this problem, you can either unscrew the entire lock, or carefully pull out the wires.
The dampers are now open. Unscrew the lower bolt that connects the shock absorber to the body, and try to compress and then unclench the damper with your hands. If it is correct, the move will be tight. And if it is possible to squeeze and return back without effort, then the parts need to be replaced or repaired.
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Replacing shock absorbers
To replace shock absorbers with your own hands, you must follow the following steps.
- As in the previous paragraph, remove the front or back wall to provide access to the required part.
- Unscrew the bottom bolt that secures the part to the body or remove the plastic pin.
- Disconnect the shock absorber from the drum in the same way.
- Now you can remove the spare part and replace it by repeating all the steps described in reverse order.
Although the design of many washing machines is similar, shock absorbers that are designed for one model may not be suitable for repairing another. Therefore, for replacement, it is more reliable to purchase articles that are used by the manufacturer of your particular model of washing machine. And you can pick up cheaper non-original options, but first consult with knowledgeable people.
In order for your washing machine shock absorbers to serve for a long time without needing repair, follow a few simple rules:
- place the machine only on a flat, horizontal hard surface,
- do not load more items into the drum than the recommended weight,
- make sure that no foreign objects get into the drum,
- treat your washing machine with care, listen to extraneous noises in the drum, respond in time to all possible malfunctions, and carry out the necessary repairs.