The tightness of the refrigerator is an important condition for its proper operation. It will keep food fresh longer. The refrigerator door does not close tightly — a fairly common problem that can lead to appliance failure and costly repairs.
How to check the tightness of the refrigerator yourself?
If you suspect that the door of the household appliance does not close well, you can check its tightness using a regular sheet of paper. To do this, a sheet of paper is attached to the rubber seal of the door, which must be tried to close. If it closes tightly, and the sheet remains hanging, it means that the refrigerator has been tested and the tightness is not broken, otherwise you will have to look for the cause of the malfunction and make repairs.
What can be caused by a leaky refrigerator?
If the door is not tightly closed, warm air will enter the chamber. The most harmless consequence is the formation of ice on the walls of the apparatus. The usual defrosting of the device will help get rid of the ice “fur coat”. There may be more serious consequences. The thermostat in such conditions will not work correctly, and the cooling system will constantly drive freon. Wear and tear will cause the motor to overheat and fail.
Possible causes of refrigerator leakage
- Overloading the door shelves
In most cases, repairs are not required to correct the situation. You just need to examine the camera and find the reason why it does not close. Some housewives load the shelves on the door so much that they cannot withstand such a load and warp. It is best to store heavy jars and food on the main shelves. Also, often the reasons that interfere with tight closure are poorly retracted shelves or handles of pots and pans.
- Poor hinge lubrication or wear
If the shelves are half empty, and the refrigerator door closes but holds together, it’s worth checking the hinges. Maybe it’s time to lubricate them? There are universal lubricants in building materials stores, but regular machine oil will also help out. With the help of the liquid composition drawn into the syringe, loosen the fastening screws and drop onto the axis.
- old sealant
The rubber seal, like the refrigerator itself, must be cleaned periodically. Accumulated dirt is another fairly common reason why the door does not close tightly. Manufacturers of refrigeration appliances do not advise cleaning this part with chemicals; ordinary soda, vinegar or soapy water will come to the rescue. Read also the article on how to change the sealing rubber on the refrigerator with your own hands.
Also, seals wear out over time. Rubber loses its elasticity, becomes hard, inflexible, with numerous cracks, changes color, acquires a yellowish tint. You can replace the seal yourself by ordering the necessary component in a specialized store, or by contacting a service center for help from a qualified craftsman.
- Spacer wear
The door itself will help to state this malfunction — it does not close and is noticeably shifted to the floor. Most often, older generation refrigerators suffer from this. This plastic element is located at the junction of the door and the main part of the device, and is responsible for smooth opening and closing. You can close the door as follows: lift it up and slam it shut. To repair this part, you need to make an application to the master to replace the spacer.
The reason for a poorly closing door may be unevenness on the floor and, as a result, the appliance tilting to one side. To remedy the situation, it is enough to twist the legs or place additional support under them, aligning the device with the building level.
- Door sensor failed
Only modern models of refrigerators are equipped with a similar function. They are responsible for the behavior of the door. If the refrigerator is open for longer than a certain time (40–50 seconds), the sensor informs the consumer about this with an audible signal. But as soon as such a sensor fails, it gives deceptive signals. If the tightness of the refrigerator is not broken, but the sound notification of the device does not turn off, you must contact a specialist to repair the electronic system.
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How to prevent such a malfunction?
- Do not slam refrigerator doors;
- Do not open the refrigerator immediately after closing it;
- Periodically clean the rubber seal.
By following these simple rules, repairing the refrigerator door is not required.