The range hood is a very pop­u­lar house­hold appli­ance these days. For many, the need for a hood in the kitchen is absolute­ly obvi­ous. After all, when cook­ing food, a large amount of fat, smoke and the small­est food par­ti­cles fly into the air, which not only pol­lute the room, but also harm health. As a rule, an air puri­fi­er in the form of a hood in the kitchen is installed dur­ing repairs. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, even if it is oper­at­ed as care­ful­ly as pos­si­ble, it inevitably fails over time. And then the own­er has to solve the prob­lem in one of two pos­si­ble ways: he con­tacts a ser­vice cen­ter that repairs kitchen hoods or does every­thing with his own hands.

How is the hood set up?

The lay­out of a stan­dard kitchen hood is very sim­ple — this is the most com­mon exhaust type fan, which is installed direct­ly above the stove, and has an elec­tric motor. Addi­tion­al fil­ters are also placed in this device to trap harm­ful fumes com­ing from the stove dur­ing cook­ing. Hoods are fil­ter­ing and out­put type.

  • Fil­ter­ing, it is also a coal, house­hold kitchen hood is the sim­plest device, so its cost is much cheap­er. How to install a kitchen hood, and you can always repair it with your own hands. It works accord­ing to the prin­ci­ple of recy­cling, i.e. dirty air after clean­ing in the hood is thrown back into the room. The clean­ing ele­ment is car­bon fil­ters.
  • The out­let extracts are con­nect­ed to ven­ti­la­tion shafts for the com­plete removal of pol­lut­ed air from the kitchen. Such a device is more per­fect in com­par­i­son with a fil­ter one, and a grease trap is installed in it. Extrac­tor hoods require a good ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem, but you can also repair them your­self. If there is a ven­ti­la­tion shaft, then air is thrown into it. If there is no chan­nel, then dur­ing the instal­la­tion of the hood, spe­cial­ists install a pipe that goes straight to the street.

How is the hood set up?

Mod­ern mod­els oper­ate in 2 modes. Most of them have a mul­ti-speed elec­tric motor, which are char­ac­ter­ized by low pow­er, but their rota­tion­al speed can be adjust­ed. Try to choose a kitchen hood with a decent mar­gin of pow­er. Indeed, over time, as a result of fil­ter con­t­a­m­i­na­tion, the effi­cien­cy of the hood decreas­es marked­ly, it can only be com­pen­sat­ed by increas­ing pow­er.

You should also reg­u­lar­ly inspect the grease trap and, as it gets dirty, change it in a time­ly man­ner, this is done eas­i­ly, with your own hands. If you ignore this rule, the work of the hood can be nul­li­fied. The aver­age fre­quen­cy of replace­ment of grease traps is 3–4 months. But if the shut­ter speed is used very inten­sive­ly, this should be done more often. In fil­ter hoods, the ser­vice life of car­bon fil­ters reach­es one and a half to two years. The device can break down for a vari­ety of rea­sons, respec­tive­ly, and the repair of a kitchen hood can vary sig­nif­i­cant­ly. Con­sid­er the main break­downs and action algo­rithms.

See also:

The hood does not pull and does not eliminate odors well

This can hap­pen if the device is not being used cor­rect­ly. In order for the hood to effec­tive­ly cope with odors, it must be turned on in advance, before cook­ing, and turned off 15 min­utes after turn­ing off the stove, and not imme­di­ate­ly. By fol­low­ing this ele­men­tary rule, you will be able to per­ma­nent­ly get rid of unpleas­ant odors in the kitchen. A fair­ly com­mon cause of such a “break­down” is a belat­ed change of fil­ters. Also, car­bon fil­ters may sim­ply not work effec­tive­ly. To repair the hood, the fil­ter must be dis­as­sem­bled, after remov­ing it, and the coal gran­ules must be replaced with new ones.

To change the grease trap with your own hands, you need to remove the grate and put it face down, after which you can remove the old dirty fil­ter. The grate should be washed thor­ough­ly with deter­gent and a new grease trap should be fixed on it. Dis­pos­able grease traps dif­fer from reusable ones in that they have an inscrip­tion that is per­fect­ly vis­i­ble even through the bars. When the fil­ter becomes so dirty that it is time to change it, the inscrip­tion is no longer vis­i­ble. Fiber fil­ters are reusable, after wash­ing and dry­ing they can be returned to their place, and this can be done repeat­ed­ly. Every time you car­ry out this pro­ce­dure, you need to thor­ough­ly rinse the grate.


See also: do-it-your­self cook­top repair

Extractor does not turn on

  • The stove light­ing does not work. If there is no light­ing, and the fan is work­ing, then, most like­ly, the bulb just burned out. But if chang­ing the light bulb does not solve the prob­lem, then the light switch is faulty.
  • The extrac­tor does not turn on at all. There may be sev­er­al rea­sons: for exam­ple, the device is unplugged or there is no pow­er in the out­let.
  • Exhaust switch defec­tive. You can check this with a tester, and in case of a break­down, replace it.
  • There is no elec­tric­i­ty. You need to check the elec­tri­cal box. Maybe the switch has auto­mat­i­cal­ly tripped or the fus­es have blown.
  • The pow­er plug is defec­tive. The fork fuse may have blown. You can replace it your­self.
  • Break­age in the inter­nal wiring. The exam­i­na­tion should be car­ried out with the help of a tester, along the way pulling loose con­tacts and press­ing the tips with pli­ers.
  • The elec­tric motor broke down. In this case, it is use­less to start repairs; the engine on the hood just needs to be com­plete­ly replaced. Try­ing to repair it in most cas­es is not eco­nom­i­cal­ly viable. Buy­ing a new exhaust motor will be cheap­er, more effi­cient and much smarter.

extractor fan in the kitchen


This arti­cle has list­ed the main break­downs of mod­ern kitchen hoods for the home. You have already seen that most fail­ure cas­es are sim­ple and do not require the inter­ven­tion of spe­cial­ists. A com­plete­ly inex­pe­ri­enced per­son can usu­al­ly fix a bro­ken kitchen hood with their own hands, even if you need to change the engine. There­fore, there is no point in con­tact­ing a ser­vice cen­ter and pay­ing decent mon­ey for mere tri­fles. In addi­tion, kitchen hoods of well-known, proven brands do not real­ly break dur­ing nor­mal use and reg­u­lar fil­ter changes, they serve reg­u­lar­ly for many years. A lit­tle atten­tion and care of the kitchen hood will make it much eas­i­er for you to take care of the kitchen and the whole house, and make the micro­cli­mate in your home much health­i­er.

See also: