All about the basement:
Pros and cons of the basement
- In a private house
- In a high-rise building
Difference from basement
Tips for furnishing and decorating
- Waterproofing, ventilation, materials
- Decoration Materials
Let’s start with a definition. Ground floor — what is it? This is a room partially submerged in the ground no more than half of its entire height from the floor level. According to SNiP, its height is no more than two and a half meters above the ground. There are plinths in both private and multi-apartment buildings.
In the second case, the objects are most often non-residential. Inside equip technical rooms, offices, shops and other enterprises. Sometimes residential apartments with such an arrangement are on sale. Usually this is an old building, but they are also sold in new houses.
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Pros and cons of the basement in different buildings
Consider the differences between purchased and self-built plinth.
In a separate house
The advantage of such premises in the private sector is obvious — it is an increase in the residential or usable area of the house. You can place anything in it.
Boilers, gas equipment.
Pantry for storing food supplies and things.
- Living room.
- Sauna, swimming pool.
- Garage. The downside of this option is that the smells of oil and gasoline get into the residential part. Good ventilation will be required, as is the case with a sauna and a swimming pool.
- Living room. If the house is on a hill, the wall can be completely glazed and a beautiful winter garden can be equipped.
At the same time, you do not take away a single centimeter of area from the local area. An additional plus is the absence of the need for floor insulation on the ground floor. The basement will act as an air buffer between it and the ground.
The disadvantage can be considered an increase in the estimate for construction. Equipping the basement will require additional costs for design, waterproofing, heating, lighting, ventilation, internal repairs. Also, when calculating, you need to include an item of future maintenance costs. This is especially true for the arrangement of living rooms.
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What does the basement in an apartment building mean?
As for urban development, the advantage is the reduced price for apartments with this location. The difference between conventional and basement housing can be large or almost imperceptible, depending on the layout of the object and the year it was built.
- Since most often these are old houses, dampness and cold can be felt in them.
- The street is very close, which means that most likely the noise will interfere with a good rest.
- According to SNiP 31-01-2003 clause 5.5, the premises are not intended for housing, which means that it is impossible to register in it. But if all the documents are in order and the developer was able to register the object as residential, there should be no problems with registration.
- Increased risk of theft. It is reduced by bars on the windows and a good door.
- Lack of daylight. Depends on the layout, some apartments are difficult to distinguish from ordinary ones.
- Psychological discomfort. The windows of the room can be flush with the ground, which is unusual for many people.
- Possible problems with the sale of the premises. Most buyers are concerned about the location of the apartment. This means that you can only sell at a reduced price.
When buying, pay attention to the walls, floor, characteristics of the area and yard in which you plan to live. Check the documentation carefully. If you choose moisture-resistant finishing materials, as well as high-quality windows and doors, most of the minuses are reduced to zero. And in new buildings there may be no shortcomings.
What is the difference between basement and basement
The basement floor differs from the basement in the degree of penetration into the ground. The basement is completely or more than half underground. It is difficult to equip something other than a technical room or a cellar in it. In the first case, it is often possible to make wide or high windows, in the second they may not be at all.
Tips for arranging and finishing a semi-basement in a private and apartment building
At the stage of planning and erecting the basement, two important factors must be taken into account that affect the durability and reliability of the building.
One factor is waterproofing. For this, drainage is mandatory. With a high level of groundwater along the perimeter of the pit, a drainage system is created with pumping out water or a construction dewatering is performed. In the video — a detailed explanation of the semi-basement waterproofing device.
The second thing to consider is ventilation. For her, air is created in the wall — holes 15 * 25 cm (approximately). They are covered with a net. In addition, air conditioning systems are installed. You cannot save on these two technologies, since the durability and comfort of the base depend on them. During operation, it is necessary to monitor the condition of drainage systems, roof drains and blind areas.
Materials from which floors are erected:
- Monolithic concrete. The strongest and most durable option, as it has no seams. It is created in the formwork, reinforced with a mesh with cells of 15 * 15 cm, a section of 6 cm, and rods with a diameter of 8–12 cm. The lower part is covered with boards coated with an antiseptic. The concrete grade M400 is used in the work.
- FBS. Sufficiently reliable and ubiquitous material today. The seams must be covered with waterproofing.
- Red solid brick. In regions where the temperature drops below ‑30 ° C in winter, the walls are laid out with a thickness of 2 bricks. The lower part of the masonry is reinforced
- A natural stone. The stone is mounted as close as possible to each other, the voids are filled with cement, the vertical seams are bandaged
The design consists of a floor slab and walls that can rest on it or stand around the perimeter. The second option usually costs less and is suitable for sandy soils.
For facing the outer wall, siding, porcelain stoneware and other durable materials are used. Finishing for the floor, walls and ceiling inside the building is chosen depending on the purpose of the area. If an ordinary room is located on it, you can use the options familiar to interiors.
- Fake diamond
It is better to choose moisture-resistant products to prevent mold and mildew. In bathrooms, swimming pools, tiles are preferred. It is also used as flooring in the kitchen area. Ceilings are more practical to make suspended. Such designs hide the wiring, look aesthetically pleasing. It is convenient to embed spotlights in them.
There may not be enough daylight in the basement. If you plan to stay in it permanently or frequently, it can be harmful to your eyesight and psychological state. In this case, it is recommended to decorate the interior in light colors with small bright splashes. In small areas — in studios and smart apartments, it is better to use minimalist techniques.
Transformer furniture (folding tables, pull-out podium beds, mini-second floor).
- Division into sections with light partitions, curtains, bar counters.
- Mirrors on the walls. Used to expand space.
- As many light sources as possible at different levels.
- Simple forms, a combination of strict horizontal and vertical lines.
Using these simple rules, you will equip a cozy and comfortable home. A small photo selection of residential semi-basements will help you get inspired to create your project.
We told how the basement floor differs from the basement, what it is and how it is used. We offer you to watch a video about budget solutions for the construction and planning of such a room in a private house.
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