How to understand that it is necessary to replace the bearing in the washing machine? In the process of washing clothes, it begins to make noise, knock, creak. And over time, these unpleasant sounds will only intensify. If the bearing is not replaced in time, then it will be much more difficult to do it later. Also, if you do not change the bearing in a timely manner, the washing machine may completely break down, and will no longer be repairable. The best option is to immediately replace it with a new one if a bearing failure is detected.
Replacing the bearing yourself will not be very easy and not at all fast. Therefore, before changing it, you need to decide whether you can do all the necessary work with your own hands? If such work is not within your power, then it is better to call the master. Bearing replacement, including the cost of a new part, will cost you about a third of the cost of a new washing machine. Of course, there are different prices for household appliances and their repair today, and therefore the cost of repair given by us is conditional.
So, if you still decide to do the repair yourself, then let’s take a closer look at how to do it.
Preparation for repair
Do-it-yourself washing machine repair begins with the preparation of the necessary tools and spare parts. Remember, the further life of the automatic machine depends on the quality of spare parts, for this reason do not purchase cheap analogues, give preference to original parts.
So, you will need:
- A hammer
- Open-end wrenches of various sizes
- metal pin
- Screwdriver Set
- Silicone based sealant
- Water repellent or lithol
- 2 bearings
- Stuffing box
In order to be guaranteed to purchase exactly the bearing that you need, you must first remove the old one and select an identical one with it. You may need a camera to help you assemble your repaired car. Before disassembling a particular section, take a picture of it and then you will know exactly how to assemble it after repair. When shooting, pay special attention to wiring connections.
Before replacing a bearing in a washing machine, make sure that regular lubrication will not fix the problem. It often happens that the washing machine starts to rattle from the thinning of the lubricant layer. How to lubricate a bearing in a washing machine? To lubricate this element, it must be released from the protective covers with a scalpel. Remove the cover carefully. Lubricate the part with a special waterproof lubricant for washing machines. Next, take a new oil seal, also treat it with grease and install. Close the lid. If after these steps the noise is not eliminated, it is necessary to change the bearing.
See also - How and with what to lubricate the oil seal of a washing machine
Stage one — disassembly of the washing machine
First you need to remove the cover of the device. This is done quite simply. You should unscrew the two bolts on the rear side panel of the cover and simply lift it by sliding it back a little.
Next, you need to pull out the detergent tray. Pull the tray towards you and press the special latch, while pulling the powder receptacle towards you. These actions should release the tray, and it will easily come out of the slots. In some models, there is no such button, then you just need to pull the tray, pressing it down a little.
To remove the upper dashboard, you need to carefully inspect it. Find out where in your model the bolts for this panel are located, and unscrew them all. If the panel does not come off easily after this, then you missed one or more bolts. After the panel cover is unscrewed and easily comes out, disconnect all wires from the sockets and completely remove the element. Don’t forget to take pictures of all parts during disassembly. The next step is to remove the bottom panel. The process shouldn’t be difficult. Using a flathead screwdriver, press the tabs that hold the bar in place and it will release easily.
See also - Do-it-yourself cuff replacement on a washing machine
Stage two — remove the cuff of the hatch
The cuff is a special rubber gasket that connects the hatch opening and the laundry drum. It is fastened very simply with the help of a spring and a clamp. To release the cuff and gain access to the removal of the entire front panel, you need to find the clamp. It can be detected visually. To remove it, use a flat screwdriver to pry off the spring and pull out the clamp. After that, carefully detach the cuff from the hatch hole and place it in the drum. Now the part we need is completely free, you can start dismantling it.
Step three — remove the front panel
Having snapped the hatch of the washing machine, you need to unscrew the bolts that hold the panel. After that, you need to carefully remove it from the hook. Don’t pull hard. The panel is connected by wire to the hatch lock. Don’t damage it. As soon as you were able to push this part towards you, disconnect the wire, only then you can fully remove the front wall and free access to the rest of the device.
Stage four — remove the tank
First you need to get rid of the inner top panel. First of all, you need to inspect the back of the machine and find the screws that secure the water supply valve. Having unscrewed these fasteners, you can begin to twist the bolts on the panel. Do not rush to remove it, because you still need to carefully disconnect all the wires and pipes. When everything is disconnected, you can remove the panel itself.
Next, we proceed to disconnect the drain pipe. It connects to the tank of the washing machine with a clamp. Unscrew the clamp and disconnect the drain pipe.
After that, we proceed to disconnect the heating element. In different models, it can be located in front or behind the structure. If your tubular electric heater (TEH) is at the back, you will need to remove the back wall. Carefully disconnect all leads going to the heating element. Do not forget to photograph the initial state before this. At this stage, the wiring must be disconnected completely. Please note that in some places it can be attached to parts of the machine using different fasteners. After disconnecting all the wires, we pull them out.
We get rid of contradictions. This must be done so that the tank is not too heavy. Unscrew them carefully. Then disconnect the water level sensor. Shock absorbers can be detached. Armed with a wrench, unscrew the bolts holding these parts. For these jobs, it is best to use a nozzle with an extension cord.
Keep in mind that the tank itself is lightweight, so you don’t have to use much effort to remove it. Put one hand into the tank and lift it up. With the other hand, release the container from the springs on which it is attached. After that, it can be pulled out.
The final step is to remove the belt, unscrew the engine and shock absorbers. The fully emptied reservoir can be dismantled to replace the bearing.
Stage five — disassemble the tank
After the tank is released, you may notice that it consists of two halves. These halves are fastened together along the entire perimeter of the connection. Fasteners depend on the brand and model of the washing machine, these can be bolts or special latches. You need to separate the halves. We act depending on the type of fasteners. Having removed the front part, you can often observe the presence of debris and dirty deposits. Before assembly, it is desirable to get rid of dirt. On the back half you will see a drum. It is he who is our goal.
This stage is the most responsible and requires increased attention and caution. We need to carefully detach the drum. First of all, remove the pulley. Just unscrew the fasteners holding this part and remove the pulley from the axle. After removing the pulley, screw the unscrewed bolt back. At the same time, we spare no effort so as not to spoil the shaft during further work.
We take a hammer. At this stage, do not be zealous, proceed with caution. We are trying to gradually knock out the shaft. If these manipulations are in vain and the shaft remains in place, it is better to replace the bolt in order to avoid damage to it. We keep knocking. As soon as the shaft is level with the top of the bolt, we remove the bolt, and pull out the drum.
We proceed to a visual inspection of the bushing and shaft. Often, with untimely repairs, these spare parts can wear out so much that you have to replace the cross. In order to assess the condition of the shaft, it should be wiped with a dry, clean cloth. After that, carefully inspect it from all sides for the presence of development. To be completely sure of the integrity of the shaft, put a new bearing on it, and determine if there is any play. If you still notice a flaw, change the shaft with the cross without hesitation.
Next, inspect the bushing. It is located on the shaft and is intended for dressing the stuffing box. The bushing should also not show signs of strong wear and mechanical damage. If you find strongly pronounced transverse grooves, such a part will no longer be able to perform its functions. An oil seal put on such a sleeve will not be able to protect the bearing from water, and the repair will need to be done again.
Stage six — replacement of bearings
To remove the bearings, you need to remove the oil seal. It pulls out very easily. Use a flathead screwdriver to pry out the oil seal and pry it out. Next, we take a metal pin in our hands. With its help, we will knock out these elements. Putting the pin to the bearing, hit it with a hammer. Then we strike opposite, the strikes should be in the form of a cross, on the four sides of the spare part. With this simple technique, you can knock out both bearings.
With these manipulations, keep in mind that the smaller bearing must be knocked out from the inside, and the larger one from the outside of the tank. Also, when performing these works, exercise maximum care so as not to damage the product. It is best to knock out, resting the part on one knee.
At the end of this stage, pay attention to the back wall and the places where the bearings sit. These areas should be free of dirt or debris. They should not just be cleaned, they should be polished to a shine. Only in this case you will not have to repair the car again for a long time.
Well, now it’s time to unpack the new bearings. We take the one that is smaller and hammer it into place of the filmed one. We also apply a metal pin to opposite sides, and hammer it with light blows of a hammer. In order to determine whether the element has sat down in its place, carefully listen to the sound at the next impact. When the part is in place as expected, the sound will be more sonorous.
We carry out a similar operation to change the large bearing. Next, we move on to installing a new oil seal. It must be treated with lubricant, only after that the oil seal can be placed in place. Experts advise using special lubricants designed for washing machines. However, such lubricants are not always available commercially. If you have not found a lubricant, you can use brand 24 lithol. This material is freely sold in automotive stores.
Stage seven — final
Now you can be congratulated, the main part of the work is completed. You have replaced the necessary element, it’s time to return everything to its place. First of all, it is recommended to lubricate and install the sleeve in its place. Next, connect the halves of the container. In order for the tank not to lose its tightness after assembly, it is better to change the sealing ring. If you do not have one, treat the joined edges with silicone sealant and connect the container.
Next, following the photos or just the instructions, we assemble the washing machine in reverse order.
For many of us today, a washing machine is an integral part of housekeeping. The machine does a significant part of the work for us, giving us comfort and extra minutes of rest. However, in order to prevent your machine from failing at the most inopportune moment, it is recommended to carry out timely regular service maintenance. This will guarantee the long and trouble-free operation of your machine.