Vacuum cleaners with a dust bag
These are “conventional vacuum cleaners” in which dust is collected in bags inside the body. There are two types of bags: disposable (paper or synthetic) and reusable (fabric). When buying such a device, it is necessary to clarify compatibility with the type of bags. Some models are compatible only with branded ones, others are designed to use any type.
Fabric reusable bags are used if disposable ones are over. Their frequent use is not recommended, since the size of their pores is quite large, so it passes more fine dust. And cleaning them often turns into a disaster, because there is direct contact with dust.
Disposable bags are better at collecting small particles, but as they fill up, they need to be thrown away, replaced with new ones, and this is an additional cost. The capacity of such bags ranges from 1.5 to 6 liters. When cleaning once a week, a volume of 3 liters is enough for a month.
The advantage of such vacuum cleaners is low power consumption with good cleaning performance. Minus — a drop in suction power when the dust container is full.
Vacuum cleaners with dust bags are still the most affordable and easy to use, and therefore the most popular. A good quality car can be purchased already for 1.5–1.8 thousand rubles. More advanced models with additional features cost 4–8 thousand rubles. and higher.
Cyclone vacuum cleaners
Such models began to be mass-produced only 25–30 years ago, but have already gained popularity. They differ from conventional ones only in the principle of filtering and collecting dust, which accumulates in a specially designed container. In it, the main air purification is carried out due to the unusual circulation of dust.
Air containing dirt and dust enters the container, where it spirals from top to bottom. Under the action of centrifugal force, the dust is separated from the air and settles on the walls, since it is much heavier. Purified air passes through a special hole in the center of the bottom of the bowl, goes up and out.
The undoubted advantage of the “cyclones” is the easy cleaning of the container. As soon as the dust reaches a special mark, the container is removed from the body and the dust is poured into a garbage bag. There is no need to wash the container, it is enough to wipe it once a month and a half with a slightly damp cloth. Minus — higher power, higher power consumption, they make louder noise.
The suction power of a cyclone vacuum cleaner remains unchanged, since the dust dispersed along the walls of the container does not interfere with the passage of air flow. And if suddenly you accidentally sucked some necessary trifle into the vacuum cleaner, it is much easier to remove it than from a bag.
The cost of such units is somewhat higher, and starts from 2.5–3 thousand rubles, sometimes reaching up to 25–30 thousand rubles.
Vacuum cleaners with water or aquafilter
These are perhaps the most modern and effective, but capricious and expensive. The principle of collecting dust in them is based on passing air through water in two ways. In bubbling vacuum cleaners, air passes through a flask with water so that dust settles there, and in separatory vacuum cleaners, the dust is first separated from the air, then it is already deposited in the water.
Vacuum cleaners with aquafilter provide high-quality cleaning, retaining any debris by 99.97%. And for the final purification of the air, they also use fine filters. In addition, air is humidified, as a result of which dust settles and does not enter the body during breathing. Humidification is especially important in winter, when, due to the operation of central heating, the humidity decreases and all the unpleasant properties of dry air appear. Many models ionize and aromatize the air in the apartment. An important advantage is constant suction power.
Recently, there has been an increase in popularity steam vacuum cleaners, which penetrates deep into the pile, eliminating dust mites and microbes. Of course, such cars are more expensive, but what can you do for the sake of health, especially in families where there are allergies or asthmatics.
Main The disadvantage of such models is rather large size and weight.. With each cleaning, it is necessary to fill in fresh water, and then drain it, wipe and dry the containers and compartments, otherwise you can get a breeding ground for germs, bacteria and mold in the compartment with dirty water. Do not use such vacuum cleaners for parquet, musical instruments, wooden furniture. They work a little louder than their “dry” counterparts, and they are more expensive. Their price starts from 3.5–4 thousand rubles. going far beyond 40,000
Washing vacuum cleaners
The cleaning quality of such models is slightly higher than that of other types. If dry cleaning needs to be done a couple of times a week, then a washing vacuum cleaner can be cleaned once every 2 weeks.
Principle of operation washing vacuum cleaner next. Inside the case there are two reservoirs, one of them (2.5–10 l) is filled with water with detergent. A solution is sprayed through a special tube in a nozzle under pressure. Polluted water is collected through the side channels and enters the second tank (5–30 l). 3 functions are performed at the same time: spraying detergent, washing the surface and suction of contaminated liquid. The final purification of the outgoing air is provided by fine filters.
Advantages washing vacuum cleaners are obvious. This is the possibility of both dry and wet cleaning, generating steam, mopping, cleaning sinks, bathtubs, windows, collecting spilled liquids. Aromatization of the room will be carried out at the same time. And if the water is contaminated, a signal will be given to replace it.
But limitations also quite impressive. First of all, these are large dimensions, high weight, insufficient maneuverability, high power consumption, and noise. The next inconvenience is the mandatory filling of sufficiently large volumes of clean water during each cleaning and draining the contaminated water, drying the tanks. Surfaces do not dry immediately after cleaning. Do not use washing vacuum cleaners for natural parquet, wood, carpets with natural pile. And manufacturers insist on using only branded detergents, which cost from 600 to 1000 rubles. for 500 ml.
All this leads to a fairly high price. A good device of small volume can be purchased for 6–7 thousand rubles. These are vacuum cleaners for a 1–2‑room apartment with a clean water tank of 2–4 liters. For a 3‑room apartment you will need a tank of 5–8 liters. And top models for cleaning large houses can cost 200 thousand rubles.
Built-in vacuum cleaners
Not many people know about them, because. These models do not apply to domestic private appliances. They are interesting in that the collected dust is removed from the room along with odors and allergens through air ducts built into the walls. The motor of the vacuum cleaner is taken out of the room, so the cleaning process is silent. There is a special socket in the wall where the hose is connected. The result is the highest degree of purification.
Such vacuum cleaners are installed by complex installation during overhaul or when building a house. Their cost is very high, and such a device consumes energy, like a dozen ordinary ones. As a rule, such models are installed in hotels.
A photo: manufacturing companies