The height of the podium, as a rule, is determined by technical necessity. But often, based on design tasks or ensuring the convenience of using the bathroom, the podium is raised higher than is required in order to hide communications.
Photo by S.
Spotlights protected by anti-shock glass can be built into the end wall of the podium. They will decorate the interior of the bathroom and provide safer movement around the room.
Photo by E.
Vertical and horizontal surfaces of the podium can be lined with the same material
Photo by V.
When it is required to carry a shower cabin and a bathtub (4) or a sink (5) from the riser, the sewer pipe is hidden under the podium. The height of the structure required to hide a pipe with a diameter of 50
You can decorate a podium of any design with a tree. As a rule, waterproof plywood of the FSF brand serves as the basis for gluing the floorboards, however, they can also be laid on concrete treated with polymer mastic.
The podium, which plays the role of a decorative frame for the bath (6, 7), although not intended for walking, must withstand a load of at least 120
Bathtubs made from Quaryl (an innovation from Villeroy
Photo by S.
To access communications in the end wall of the podium, you should leave a “window” under the inspection hatch
Photo by D.
Photo by D.
Photo by D.
Ready-made inspection hatches are a small door made of galvanized or painted steel, equipped with a magnetic (8, 9) or mechanical (10) lock
Photo by D.
Photo by D.
The most convenient hatches, in which the door can swing open (11) and move sideways (12)
Teak wood contains many natural oils and therefore practically does not absorb moisture.
Extruded polystyrene panels are used both for leveling walls and for building a podium.
The frame structure of this Wedi-paneled “island” podium made it easy to hide the plumbing pipes.
You can make a bathroom beautiful and cozy without increasing its area. However, if you dream of an exclusive interior, you cannot do without redevelopment and the use of non-standard architectural solutions. One of them
What is a podium in the apartment
Podium in a new look
In spacious bathrooms, the podium, along with solving technical problems, can perform the same function as in other rooms,
Who would not like to have a small Turkish bath in their apartment, or a Japanese bath, or a personal corner of the sea coast, or a bay of a forest lake instead of a boring, purely utilitarian bathroom? Such a goal is quite achievable, especially if you have at your disposal the whole range of modern materials and a professional set of decorating techniques. And
Warm to the touch
In order not to feel the cold of the ceramic cladding, it makes sense to equip the horizontal and sometimes vertical surfaces of the podium with a floor heating system. For this, electric (cable and film) warm floors are suitable, which are quite possible to mount even on small, including curvilinear, sections of the podium. They proceed as follows: the box is pasted over with a thin foil insulation, then mats with a cable or film are laid, after which the surfaces are plastered over the grid. The only nuance
When building a podium in the bathroom, a wide variety of materials and technologies are used. AT
What’s at the core?
The podium box is erected before the start of finishing work in the bathroom, but after the installation of the floor screed (sometimes simultaneously with this process). The most common types of structures
Frame structures hold the lead. They are made of galvanized steel profiles and plasterboard or gypsum-fiber sheets (of course, only moisture-resistant drywall is used). The use of this very common technology in “wet” areas, contrary to popular belief, is quite acceptable, but only with a small (no more than 150
“Every man walks dangerously”
The bathroom is an area of increased injury risk, and any floor level differences, steps and sharp corners significantly increase the risk of bruises and more serious damage. However, a competent approach to the design of the podium can not only minimize the likelihood of injury, but also make staying in the bathroom as comfortable as possible for all the inhabitants of the apartment, especially children and the elderly. Let’s formulate the basic safety requirements for a bathroom with a podium.
Because a drywall podium cannot support the weight of a water-filled bathtub, it is installed over the existing floor using a conventional installation system.
Sometimes podiums are made on the basis of a frame of beams (preferably larch, but ordinary pine, antiseptic and protected by coating waterproofing) with a section of 50
Types of podium construction
The main advantages of frame podiums
If you want the structure to be massive and have increased resistance to operational loads, you can build a masonry or monolithic podium.
Podiums made of blocks or bricks designed for large static (over 200 kgf/m2) and operating loads. Such a design can easily withstand the mass of a bathtub filled with water and other plumbing equipment, does not spring and does not “sound” when walking. To facilitate the construction, only walls along the perimeter of the podium are erected from blocks (gypsum, concrete, expanded clay concrete) or bricks. The internal space of the resulting “well” is filled with expanded clay, on top of which a reinforced cement-sand screed is then poured. Another variant
Monolithic reinforced concrete podium due to the large mass and lack of access to communications, it finds very limited use. The additional load on the ceiling is even greater than in the case of brickwork. However, if you need to build a low “pedestal” for open-standing plumbing, there is no better option. As a rule, the casting is made of sand concrete or (for lightening) of expanded clay concrete and reinforced with a reinforcing cage and masonry or road mesh. A damping layer is required between the casting and the wall. It is made of a polyethylene foam strip with a thickness of 4–5
The structures described in this section require additional waterproofing work in the place where they are erected.
We are not afraid of the abyss
With any design of the podium, it is necessary to provide protection against leakage into the room below. This purpose is served by a layer of waterproofing under the floor screed. Further, already on the screed, they waterproof the site under the future podium (its layer will replace the waterproof flooring), and if the structure is adjacent to the walls, the latter are waterproofed to the entire height of the podium. To do this, most often used rolled (pasting, welded) or cast waterproofing. From rolled materials, domestic ones are preferable, made on the basis of modified bitumen on a strong fibrous (fiberglass, fiberglass) or non-woven polyester base (hydrostekloizol, isoplast, glass-elast, technoelast, uniflex, filizol, bireplast and rubitex grades KhPP and TPP), since they are all stronger and more durable than ruberoid. For reliability, the strips of material are laid in two layers, and if an ordinary roofing material is chosen, each layer is smeared with bitumen or bitumen-polymer mastic.
On horizontal surfaces, cast waterproofing is sometimes made from hot bitumen poured onto a concrete base primed with mastic in two layers with intermediate drying. But recently, bulk and rolled polymer membranes have been used much more often, for example, Hyperdesmo, Logicroof (both
Coating waterproofing (bitumen, rubber-bitumen and bitumen-polymer mastic) protects individual parts of the podium (for example, frame parts). Concrete castings, block masonry, GVL and GKL sheathing must be protected from moisture using paint penetrating waterproofing based on polymer emulsions. Many of its types, such as Aquasil (OZSS, Russia), Flachendicht (Knauf, Germany), Osmolastic and Osmoflex (INDEX, Italy), are suitable for surfaces intended for ceramic tiling.
The finish of the podium in some cases contrasts significantly with the walls and floor, and in others
The entire range of facing materials used in “wet” areas is suitable for finishing horizontal and vertical surfaces of the podium: ordinary ceramic and porcelain tiles, glass and ceramic mosaics, special plastic panels (for vertical surfaces). Of the non-standard options, natural and acrylic stone should be mentioned, as well as cork, which is not susceptible to decay and at the same time warm and safe (not slippery and elastic). Horizontal surfaces, even if they are not going to walk on them, but only plan to lean on them with their hands, it is recommended to lay them out with floor tiles. For rounded ribs, all leading manufacturers of ceramic and porcelain tiles offer special fittings. Mosaic is convenient for facing curved parts, and glass smalt on such planes creates an incomparable play of light. At the same time, the mosaic can be combined with ordinary tiles (however, only a highly qualified master will cope with such a task).
Often, to emphasize the role of the podium in the interior of the bathroom, it is sheathed with wood. To do this, take grooved boards with a thickness of 20
Approximate calculation of the cost of building a podium of brick and reinforced concrete with an area of 3.2
m2 and height 0.4 m
|Name of works||Qty||price, rub.||Cost, rub.|
|Floor waterproofing device under the podium||3.2
|Casting of reinforced concrete slab 2000
|Masonry and plaster work||set||
|Applied materials by section|
|Waterproofing membrane “Flachendicht”||6
|brick red||130 pcs.||24||3120|
|Dry mix cement-sand M150||100
|Fittings, diameter 10
||11th line m||40||440|
|Putty mixture “Vetonit TT”||5
|Tile adhesive “Eunice Granite”||25
An approximate calculation of the cost of erecting a wall frame podium with an area of 2.5
m2 and height 0.5 m
|Name of works||Qty||price, rub.||Cost, rub.|
|Floor waterproofing device 2.5
||250||625||under the podium|
|Inspection hatch device||one||
|Guide profiles 50
||6 lines m||70||420|
|Rack profiles 50
||18th line m||90||1620|
|Corner protection profiles 30
||9th line m||70||630|
|Moisture-resistant gypsum-fiber sheets 12.5
|Dry mix “Glims-VodoStop”||eight
|Mastic “Vetonit Waterproofing”||four
|Glue tile “Vetonit Fix”||fifteen
The editors thank the companies “Lege-Artis”, “Comfort Studio”, Ideal Standard, Konzept, Villeroy
Source: Ideas for Your Home magazine#123