How appetizing the holiday cake looks, and what a magical aroma comes from it! However, not all “edible” smells are so pleasant, so we strive to get rid of them. The easiest way- ventilate the room by opening the window, but cold and even less pleasant “flavors” can come from the street. Therefore, in modern kitchens, hoods are struggling with fumes. Our article is dedicated to them.
FaberScientists have proven that strong odors have a negative effect on people’s well-being and can get on their nerves. Kitchen aromas that fill the entire apartment do not excite the appetite, but rather, on the contrary, cause disgust and irritation. BUTif you also remember the unpleasant greasy coating on the furniture, the decision to buy a hood comes by itself. Those who are going to purchase it should not only choose a device suitable for their interior with the necessary technical parameters, but also carefully consider the installation of the unit (there are many nuances and pitfalls in this process). We will try to draw your attention to the most important points.
We meet by clothes
The hood consists of four main components: housing, air intake, filters and fan unit. Before studying in detail the device of hoods, we will carefully look at these devices. Outwardly, they differ significantly from each other, and not only in design. The simplest- flat hoods. They are of two types: mounted- Lana (Krona, Italy), FPB-2050 (Cata, Spain), DHU652U (BoschGermany), as well as built-in- Competence DF6260 (AEG-Electrolux, Germany), TF (Cata). The first ones are mounted on the wall under the wall cabinet (or without it) above the stove or to the bottom of the cabinet itself. In the second case, please note that the cabinet must be firmly attached to the wall, taking into account its weight (in the state when it is full) and the weight of the hood. Built-in ones are mounted directly in a wall-mounted kitchen cabinet (only one panel is visible from the outside), so before buying, make sure that a certain hood can be built into the cabinet and prepare (cut out) the corresponding hole.
Photo 1 Cata
Photo 2 Elica
Photo 3 Elica
Photo 4 Elica
one.Hoods are produced in different styles, so that each buyer, if desired, can find a model suitable for the most unusual kitchen interior. ATthe hi-tech popular today, for example, the Ombu TCC 900 (Cata) model will fit perfectly.
2–4.Hoods are often used to illuminate the hob, in this regard, models such as Stream are interesting(2,3) and Cubealto(4) (Elica).
Most common- fireplace hoods: Sigma VL3 (Cata), ZHC 6244X (Zanussi), Miami (Jetair, both- Italy). Their name goes back to the shape of the appliances (although the design of modern models has changed a lot), they mount such units on the wall above the stove. These products are more productive, they can often operate in both recirculation and air exhaust modes. “Island” hoods- Stella Isola 5P (Krona), Isla Gamma Glass VL3 BL (Cata), DIA 093650 (Bosch)- designed to be mounted to the ceiling above the kitchen “island”. ATCorner hoods have also appeared in the assortment of many companies (Angolo Box VL3 BL, Cata)- for installation in a corner.
In bright light
FaberIf you are going to buy a hood, be sure to pay attention to the lamps, because the efficiency of lighting the hob depends on them. Their type, number (on average 2–4) and location are very important in order to cook comfortably. For example, if the lamps are at the back of the appliance, the light will only fall on the far burners. Turn on the store hood lights and see how effectively they illuminate the space. AThoods use incandescent, daylight (fluorescent) and halogen lamps.
ATlight of incandescent lamps (20–40W) food on the stove becomes reddish. These bulbs are cheap and easy to replace.
Fluorescent lamps (9–13W) last longer than other types of lamps and provide even, diffused lighting. However, the products in its rays seem bluish and do not look very appetizing.
ATbright light of halogen lamps (20–50W) Products retain their natural color. These lamps are the most expensive.
Manufacturers pay great attention to the design of hoods. Cube hoods (Emili, Krona), cylinders (Pamella, Krona), fixtures similar to lamps (Black Stream 51 IX, Elica, Italy) and many other non-standard products were created.
As for materials, the most popular- stainless steel (DWA 093550, Bosch) and aluminum (DA 289–4, Miele, Germany). Models made of stainless steel look very impressive, especially since most often it is polished. Such a surface is easy to clean, but cannot be cleaned with abrasives. In order for it to retain its original appearance, it must be looked after (sometimes even with the help of special means). Another disadvantage of this material- fingerprints remain on it, so some manufacturers apply a protective coating or offer consumers to wipe the stainless steel with special compounds from time to time. Cata has taken a radical approach with the development of DurAlum, a material that resists fingerprints and streaks. Aluminum hoods are good because their matte surface “mimics” the color of objects in the kitchen, perfectly fitting into the interior, and there are no fingerprints left.
Photo 5 Neff
Photo 6 Krona
Photo 7 Krona
5.The new wall mounting system Easy hood D 99W59 N0 (Neff) allows you to compensate for inaccurate positioning of fasteners within 6mm.
6–7.AtBella 3P (Krona) models(6) maximum output 390m3/h, while the hood Scarlett Slim 5P (Krona)(7)- 800m3/h
Hoods are decorated with tempered glass and even wood (it is covered with a special protective varnish). Glass, as a rule, is used when decorating hoods in the Art Nouveau style.- Jasmin 5P LCD/5P (Krona), Amethyst (Elikor, Russia), DWA 065550 (Bosch),- and the tree is present on the hoods in the spirit of the country (“Pergola”, Elikor). There are also unusual solutions. So, COR‑L and COR‑S (Cata) appliances, lined with corian artificial stone, will harmoniously fit into the kitchen, which has, for example, a worktop made of this material. BUTElikor company offers consumers the Epsilon hood, hand-painted by craftsmen from Zhostovo. The main motif of Zhostovo painting on metal- flower bouquet.
Before choosing a hood, the buyer will have to decide the main question: how it should remove unpleasant odors.- by means of recirculation or exhaust air? There is still no unequivocal answer to it. Both options have their pros and cons, and you have to weigh them and choose what you like best. We will tell you about the features of these two methods. Most hoods are designed so that they can work in both modes, but if you do not lay the duct (it is better to do this at the repair stage), the device can only be turned on in recirculation mode.
With recirculation, the hood works like this: the fan sucks air under the umbrella, drives it through the filters and returns it back to the room already clean. The owners of such hoods praise them for their low price and ease of connection, but complain about the low performance of the device and the inability to quickly and efficiently remove all odors from the kitchen, as well as the need to periodically change the carbon filter.
Photo 8 Bosch
Photo 9 Cata
Photo 10 Elica
8–9.Athoods DWB 069751 (Bosch)(8) There is a Dimm function that allows you to choose the intensity of lighting with halogen lamps yourself. Model Delta Glass DT4S (Cata)(9) equipped with LCD display.
eleven.ATnew models sometimes use a different method of air intake: evaporation spreads along the central panel and then goes inside the case through slots located around the perimeter of the hood. This allows for 10% to improve the capture of odors and to reduce the noise level by the same amount. This technology is used, for example, in the Minialto (Elica) model.
ATIn the exhaust air mode, the fan also takes in air and drives it through the grease filter, but does not return it to the room, but throws it out of it through an air duct connected to the ventilation shaft or brought directly to the street. This method of odor control is more effective, but the installation of air ducts is quite laborious and requires certain knowledge. It is not difficult to buy an air duct, lay it and connect it, but there are several problems here.
Let’s say you decide to connect an air duct to a ventilation shaft. If you have a dedicated channel (so far this is extremely rare, mainly in country houses), there will be no difficulties- connect to health. But if you have a ventilation shaft in common with your neighbors, according to the norms, in principle, you do not have the right to connect to it: firstly, it is provided for natural ventilation; secondly, it is able to pass through itself an average of 140m3/ h, and by means of the hood you drive through it an average of 200–700m3/h or even more. ATas a result, many problems will arise: kitchen smells will come back or go straight to the neighbors; due to the overload of the channel, your hood will have nowhere to throw air, which means that the unit will take it badly and it will not be cleaned. In addition, with such a transmission of the ventilation shaft, it makes no sense to purchase a hood with high performance.
Another air outlet option- right on the street. ATin this case, you can buy an extractor hood of any power, and you will not have technical problems with air removal. But you will have to cut a decent hole in the outer wall, and this, of course, will require coordination with local governments.
Photo 11 Krona
Photo 12 Lex
Photo 13 AEG-Electrolux
11–12.Embedded (Kamilla Wood, Krona)(11) and mounted (Smart Pro, Lex)(12) Hoods are compact and almost invisible. They usually work in recirculation mode, often equipped with a retractable visor that allows you to increase the air intake, like Kamilla Wood (Krona).
13.There are also such extraordinary varieties of hoods as built-in countertops, for example FM 2500 DDA (AEG-Electrolux). This is part of the “domino” module, which, if necessary, “takes” the aromas from the hob. Moreover, such a device can work in the modes of withdrawal and recirculation. Maximum performance- 350m3/h
If you decide to install an extractor hood, there are a few things to consider. When connecting the hood, install a non-return valve so that the air does not return to the apartment (if the smells go directly to the street, this device will not allow cold air to enter the room when the device is not working). The movable flaps of the damper open when the hood is turned on to extract air from the kitchen and close when it is turned off.
To rule? Easily!
FaberFaberWhen choosing the type of hood control, proceed from what is more convenient for you. Management is push-button, touch and slider (slider). The first method is cheap and reliable: you just need to press the buttons. In the second case, it is enough to lightly touch the device to turn it on. The advantage of the touch option is that the panel is easy to clean: there are no bulges or crevices, so dirt will not get stuck anywhere. In the third method, the mechanical slider is moved in the desired direction, thereby increasing or decreasing the speed of the motor andother Amodel DM 8700 (AEG-Electrolux) can be operated using the remote control. Some devices are supplemented with an LCD display that displays information about operating modes, performance, backlight level andt.P.
But that’s not all. ATIn most city houses, ventilation is natural, that is, air enters through the doors and cracks in the windows, and goes into the ventilation shaft. If you purchase a powerful hood, it will emit an average of 200–700m3/h Such air losses must be compensated, because if there is no air inflow (say, due to the fact that windows with double-glazed windows are installed in the apartment), a vacuum will occur, and the hood will stop “pulling”. One of the most reliable (although not at all technologically advanced) ways- just open the window, and not in the kitchen (then the hood will take and filter the air from the street), but in another room. This is certainly not ideal: after all, the air outside is not very clean, and in winter there are even more problems.- The hood pushes warm air out and pushes cold air in. There is another way out- install supply valves in the windows of the rooms (which is important in the presence of double-glazed windows). True, this will entail certain costs, and complex installation will be required. ToIn addition, users are not always satisfied with the result and complain about a strong influx of cold air.
Photo 14 Siemens
Photo 15 Zanussi
Photo 16 Krona
Photo 17 Electrolux
14–15.Device LC 956BC60 (Siemens)(14) with built-in LCD panel. Model ZHC 9244 X (Zanussi)(fifteen).
16–17.Wall-mounted hoods are easy to install: with the help of screws, they are easy to fix to the wall. Model Rebekka (Krona)(16) is equipped with neon lighting around the perimeter and a convenient glass shelf for various kitchen items. Instrument EFC9680X (Electrolux)(17) can be programmed to turn off at a specified time.
However, do not think that due to numerous difficulties it is not worth installing an extractor hood operating in air extraction mode. This is not true. In practice, high performance of the device is rarely needed (for example, if something is burnt). Usually, when people are cooking, the hood runs at a slow speed. If you do not try to send a volume of air into the ventilation shaft that is much higher than that which it can let through, and periodically ventilate the room, there should be no problems. BUTin country houses air outlet directly to the street- one of the most popular and effective options for the operation of the hood.
AEG-ElectroluxIn order for the hood to function correctly, it is very important to correctly select and install air ducts, which are purchased separately in stores. For example, the noise level of the air flow largely depends on their material. Air ducts made of aluminum foil during operation of the hood begin to rustle and create additional noise, while plastic pipes, on the contrary, absorb sound. But the installation of aluminum pipes is easier than those made of plastic: the former are easy to bend where you need, and the plastic ones are mounted in segments that require a tight connection. It is also important that there are no air obstructions in the duct. Let’s say, “accordion”, bends, narrowings resist the air flow, reducing its speed. The size of the air duct should be selected based on the diameter of the hood outlet: if this parameter is 100mm, it is better to purchase an air duct of a larger diameter, say 125mm.
Photo 18 Faber
Photo 19 Cata
Photo 20 Faber
Photo 21 Indesit
18–20.Hood Mirror Art (Faber)(18) decorated with a delicate pattern, models COR‑S (Cata)(19) and Pearl (Faber) (20) have a modern high-tech design.
21.The Prime hood (Indesit) is made of stainless steel. The edges of the umbrella are inclined at an angle of 25, which provides easy access to the control panel. Performance- 430m3/h
Air ducts are carried out along the wall; sometimes they are hidden behind hanging cabinets or false ceilings, hidden behind decorative boxes. You can lay air ducts in the wall, but on condition that it is framed. This option is usually used in country houses. If you are installing the hood in a cabinet, you will have to make a hole in it for the duct (usually at the top).
Tothe hood should be connected through a separate outlet, so you need to think about how to hide the wire: in a wall or a box. The hood must be grounded (these devices have a cord with three pins- “phase”, “zero” and “ground”), and it is better to provide a circuit breaker on the shield. If you live in an old house with a two-wire power supply system, do not be too lazy to run a separate ground wire from the shield.
One of the important components of the hood are filters, because the quality of air purification depends on them. It can be assumed that filters matter only for models with recirculation. But in fact, in devices operating in the air exhaust mode, filters are installed so that the internal parts of the device itself, the air duct and the ventilation duct are not contaminated.
Hood and stove
The distance from the stove to the hood is regulated. This is because grease can get on the hood, and if it is very low, a fire caused by high temperatures or flames is possible. ATat the same time, the hood should not be set too high: then it will not take the evaporation from the stove well, and therefore, the efficiency of the device will decrease. If you have a gas hob, the hood should be mounted at a distance of 80–85see from her. With an electric stove, the distance will be 70–85see. It is necessary that the stove and hood are suitable in size. More precisely, the umbrella should not be narrower than the hob, otherwise the appliance will not effectively remove odors. If you install the hood higher than recommended, it is advisable that its umbrella be wider than the stove.
There are two types of filters- grease and coal. As the name implies, the former purify the air of grease, soot andt.etc., that is, they are struggling with the bulk of the dirt. They are installed in all hoods, regardless of the type of device. Disposable filters made of synthetic material have to be changed periodically (gradually appearing colored icons signal their contamination). This is not very convenient, so they are rare. Reusable are made of aluminum foil or mesh (more precisely, from several layers of perforated aluminum sheets). They are designed to last the life of the hood and should be washed in warm water with detergent or in the dishwasher as they get dirty. If the filters are not cleaned in time, the load on the engine will increase and the performance of the device will decrease. Atsome hoods- e.g. HZTB 9 IX (Hotpoint-Ariston), KDV907X (Smeg, both- Italy), DD 950 P (Gorenje, Slovenia)- there is a filter replacement indicator, thanks to which you do not have to remember when the last cleaning was done.
Photo 22 Elica
Photo 23 Cata
Photo 24 Turboair
Photo 25 Turboair
22–25.The popularity of “island” hoods is growing along with the spread of “island” kitchens. Such models are usually the most expensive and powerful. Attach them to the ceiling. An example would be the Isla Sigma DT4 (Cata) models(23), AD 6900IS(24) and DH 1050IS(25) (Turboair).
The main purpose of carbon filters- odor control. Such disposable filters are installed in recirculating hoods in addition to grease filters. Inside the filter cartridge are activated carbon particles that neutralize odors. Periodically, these particles or the cartridge itself must be replaced, which entails regular costs (the filter costs an average of 200–500rub.).
So, we have found that hoods differ in design, body material, air purification method, performance andetc. In addition, there are various functions that distinguish certain models on the market or make devices more convenient.
Atmany models (DWB 069751, Bosch; 9060DM, AEG-Electrolux) a residual fan stroke is provided- after turning off the stove, the hood continues to work for about 10min with the lowest capacity to ensure that all odors are removed. There is also interval switching, for example, device D4692XO (Neff, Germany) periodically turns on for a few minutes to ventilate the room. A pleasant surprise will be a function that allows you to smoothly increase or decrease the intensity of light (its name may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer).
How to count air?
One of the most important parameters of the hood- its performance, showing how quickly and effectively the device will deal with unpleasant kitchen odors. This is the volume of air that the hood pumps through itself per unit of time (measured inm3/h). The design performance of the hood can be affected by the floor, the length of the duct, its contamination, and the intensity of cooking. Manufacturers operate with numbers such as 1000 and even 1200m3/ h, but such solid indicators are not needed at all and are relevant, perhaps, only for a country house. By the way, manufacturers have another way to “play” with the performance value. It can be measured in two ways: for a hood that is not connected to an air duct, and for an hood with an air duct, moreover, having a certain length and section (IEC 61591 standard, the knee goes up by 30cm and to the side by 1m). Naturally, in the second case, the numbers will be less. Conscientious manufacturers usually indicate both values, and the rest use the situation to their advantage.
How to choose a device whose performance is suitable for your conditions? Some install it intuitively, correlating the method of air purification and the intensity of cooking. You can also use the following formula: Performance=Room volumeCorrection factor(8–10).
Some hoods literally learned to “feel”. So, in some Elica models, the technology of built-in automatic sensors AST (thermal, temperature and humidity) is used. Thermal reacts to an increase in temperature in the zone of burners, temperature- on the room temperature, and the air humidity is controlled near the hob. Thanks to these sensors, it is no longer necessary to manually adjust the performance of the hood- it will change itself depending on the type and intensity of evaporation. There are also hoods that allow you to check the weather forecast. For example, the Antarctica Meteo (Elica) displays temperature information from an external home weather station. Farther- even more seriously. The On Air hood (Hotpoint-Ariston) is equipped with a Bluetooth system that allows you to make voice calls and communicate hands-free without a phone. ATThe LC 956BC60R device (Siemens, Germany) is equipped with a TV, a device for watching DVDs and listening to CDs. You can also watch TV shows with the Avrora TV (Krona) hood, which has a built-in LCD TV.
Let’s go to the store
We advise you to test the hood in the store: press the buttons, listen to the noise, see what kind of lighting the lamps give, you can try to replace the carbon filter. Now in stores a decent selection of hoods. Company Models Presented Faber (Italy), Gaggenau (Germany), AEG-ElectroluxCata, Elica, Elikor, Hotpoint-Ariston, Krona, Neff, Siemens andothers
Photo 26 Cata
Photo 27 Faber
Photo 28 Faber
26.The elegant Art Nouveau hood Mishel 5P (Cata) with perimetric air intake is equipped with a remote control.
27–28.“Island” hoods Cassiopea Isola(27) and Cylindra(28) (Faber) cylindrical shapes will certainly decorate your kitchen.
The price depends primarily on the type of device. The cheapest- flat (average 1500–4500rub.). A fireplace hood with a simple design, without technical frills, can be bought for 4500rubles, but on average worthy copies cost 8–12thousandrub. If you want to buy a unit from a reputable manufacturer with an interesting design, electronic additions or an “island” or corner hood, get ready to part with 15–20thousandrub. There are also premium models for 50thousandrub. and even more expensive- after all, as you know, there is no limit to perfection.
The editors thank the companies Electrolux“BSH “Household appliances”, “Caventdom” and “Campaneco”, as well as personally Vladimir Alexandrovich Titov, Associate Professor of the Department of Household Appliances of the Russian State University of Tourism and Service, for their help in preparing the material.
The material was prepared based on the results of a reader survey on the action website “We create new ideas.