A backhoe loader can be found at any construction site. These are machines, which are a combination of an excavator and a loader, designed to perform excavation and loading operations.
The front equipment of the machine is used to perform loading and unloading operations with soil, surface planning and other tasks. The excavator part performs earthmoving tasks, digs trenches, extracts and loads soil. In addition, thanks to the excavator part, the backhoe loader does not roll over during cargo transportation. The loading part works with the soil above the level of the parking lot, and the excavator part works below.
What are backhoe loaders
According to the type of chassis, backhoe loaders are divided into two types:
Caterpillar — more specialized, used in difficult road conditions for earthmoving and loading operations. Such vehicles move at a speed of no more than 5 km / h
Wheeled — universal models, reach speeds of up to 50 km / h, are often used on small construction sites.
How to choose a backhoe loader
When choosing backhoe loaders, it is necessary to pay attention to the power and carrying capacity of the machine, the type of control, the type of equipment and chassis.
The power of backhoe loaders varies quite a lot: from 65 to 110 horsepower (or 47–81 kW). However, the carrying capacity of the machine depends not only on it, but also on other factors. By power and carrying capacity, backhoe loaders can be divided into:
Lightweight and compact for working in tight spaces
Medium and heavy for road works and communications
Heavy-duty for large construction sites with a large amount of earthworks.
The main parts of the backhoe loader are the loading and excavating buckets. The loading bucket can be optionally equipped with clamshell jaws, allowing you to additionally perform the functions of a grab, scraper and lift. The excavator part can be connected to the base using a fixed (cheaper option) or a moving carriage (more expensive, but more convenient to use).
Additional equipment for backhoe loader:
Devices for moving fibrous or bulky goods.