Often, when designing stairs for a country house, they forget about the main thing — that this staircase, first of all, should be comfortable, reliable and safe for all its inhabitants: young and old, people and animals. Moreover, every staircase in the house should have such qualities, otherwise problems cannot be avoided.
As you know, there are no two identical houses, so there are no two identical stairs. In each case, there will be nuances that must be taken into account when designing and building a particular staircase. And one more thing — in addition to convenience and safety, each staircase must correspond to the organization of the internal space of the house, contribute to ensuring proper air exchange, and be correctly fitted into the interior. As you can see, creating a staircase in a house is not an easy and responsible task.
The staircase, first of all, should be comfortable, reliable and safe for all the inhabitants of the house.
Models of stairs and their features
In houses built entirely or partially from wood (glued or profiled timber, logs, etc.), it would be more logical and natural to install an all-wood staircase. She has many advantages, including an attractive and presentable appearance, but there is one significant disadvantage — a creak, which is often present even in expensive stairs.
Now a few words about which type of tree to choose. Expert advice: always choose hardwoods such as walnut, ash, teak, etc. Do not take maple — it will turn yellow and crack over time. Beech is prone to warping if there is high humidity in the room, and oil stains remain on oak. Pine and larch are also not suitable for stairs. They are easily deformed, emit resin, so it is difficult to assemble a good staircase from such materials.
Probably the best option for living spaces at home is a combination staircase. They have wooden steps and metal frames of various shapes and designs. Recently, a variant of combined stairs using modular structures has appeared on the market — such stairs are made to order and are distinguished by high consumer qualities. This is a very flexible option, optimally suited for almost any interior. At the same time, the modules are assembled into a system on the spot, the length and angle of the rise of the march, the height of the steps, their number are easily adjusted. To install the structure, accurate measurements are not needed — the “margin” for installation will be within half a meter.
The metal frames do not creak, they are not threatened with drying out either, the service life of the steps is long, plus they can be changed without problems.
All-metal stairs, although they look stylish (provided that a good designer has worked on them), are still inferior in popularity to wooden and combined models. If you decide on a metal staircase, know that the best material for it is stainless steel. Chrome-plated options “live” less, cost more, and at the same time are less durable. And brass quickly darkens and loses its appearance.
They also make stone stairs, glass stairs, tiled stairs and other more exotic models in houses. These are even less popular options. Most often they can be found in houses with a special design.
Staircases, steps and railings
As a rule, stairs in houses are made in one-flight and two-flight execution. The first of these are considered the most dangerous type of stairs after side and vertical ones. If you stumble on the top step, then you can roll down head over heels, two-flight stairs are much safer in this regard.
The slope of the internal stairs in the house should not exceed 48 degrees
Railings and railings on the stairs in a private house should be higher than the center of gravity of an adult, so that it is impossible to fly away by leaning over them. Stair and floor coverings near them must not slip. The width of flights of stairs is usually taken from 1.2 m to 80 cm (but not narrower than the fire escape exit).
A few more numbers. The slope of the internal stairs in the house should not exceed 48 degrees. And the most comfortable slope for the stairs will be in the region of 30–40 degrees. The width of each step must be at least 700 mm for stairs inside the house, and 1200 mm for the front staircase in the hall. At the same time, the height from the top step of the stairs to the ceiling should be more than two meters, otherwise it will be extremely inconvenient to walk on such a ladder.
5 tips for those who choose stairs
Do not make a ladder without accurate calculations, taking into account ergonomic factors — otherwise it will be uncomfortable and dangerous to walk on it.
Carefully choose design options, do not use unreliable and low-quality materials. A broken step or a broken self-tapping screw is a high probability of injury.
Check for sharp corners. They shouldn’t be anywhere. It is necessary to round everything that is possible.
Check each step for slipperiness. If something is slipping somewhere, take action.
A staircase without handrails and railings is a direct road to injury. Once you have installed the steps, immediately install the handrails.
Source: top climate