Often, when design­ing stairs for a coun­try house, they for­get about the main thing — that this stair­case, first of all, should be com­fort­able, reli­able and safe for all its inhab­i­tants: young and old, peo­ple and ani­mals. More­over, every stair­case in the house should have such qual­i­ties, oth­er­wise prob­lems can­not be avoid­ed.

As you know, there are no two iden­ti­cal hous­es, so there are no two iden­ti­cal stairs. In each case, there will be nuances that must be tak­en into account when design­ing and build­ing a par­tic­u­lar stair­case. And one more thing — in addi­tion to con­ve­nience and safe­ty, each stair­case must cor­re­spond to the orga­ni­za­tion of the inter­nal space of the house, con­tribute to ensur­ing prop­er air exchange, and be cor­rect­ly fit­ted into the inte­ri­or. As you can see, cre­at­ing a stair­case in a house is not an easy and respon­si­ble task.

Stairs, first of all, should be comfortable, reliable and safe for everyone

The stair­case, first of all, should be com­fort­able, reli­able and safe for all the inhab­i­tants of the house.

Mod­els of stairs and their fea­tures

In hous­es built entire­ly or par­tial­ly from wood (glued or pro­filed tim­ber, logs, etc.), it would be more log­i­cal and nat­ur­al to install an all-wood stair­case. She has many advan­tages, includ­ing an attrac­tive and pre­sentable appear­ance, but there is one sig­nif­i­cant dis­ad­van­tage — a creak, which is often present even in expen­sive stairs.

Now a few words about which type of tree to choose. Expert advice: always choose hard­woods such as wal­nut, ash, teak, etc. Do not take maple — it will turn yel­low and crack over time. Beech is prone to warp­ing if there is high humid­i­ty in the room, and oil stains remain on oak. Pine and larch are also not suit­able for stairs. They are eas­i­ly deformed, emit resin, so it is dif­fi­cult to assem­ble a good stair­case from such mate­ri­als.

Prob­a­bly the best option for liv­ing spaces at home is a com­bi­na­tion stair­case. They have wood­en steps and met­al frames of var­i­ous shapes and designs. Recent­ly, a vari­ant of com­bined stairs using mod­u­lar struc­tures has appeared on the mar­ket — such stairs are made to order and are dis­tin­guished by high con­sumer qual­i­ties. This is a very flex­i­ble option, opti­mal­ly suit­ed for almost any inte­ri­or. At the same time, the mod­ules are assem­bled into a sys­tem on the spot, the length and angle of the rise of the march, the height of the steps, their num­ber are eas­i­ly adjust­ed. To install the struc­ture, accu­rate mea­sure­ments are not need­ed — the “mar­gin” for instal­la­tion will be with­in half a meter.

The met­al frames do not creak, they are not threat­ened with dry­ing out either, the ser­vice life of the steps is long, plus they can be changed with­out prob­lems.

All-met­al stairs, although they look styl­ish (pro­vid­ed that a good design­er has worked on them), are still infe­ri­or in pop­u­lar­i­ty to wood­en and com­bined mod­els. If you decide on a met­al stair­case, know that the best mate­r­i­al for it is stain­less steel. Chrome-plat­ed options “live” less, cost more, and at the same time are less durable. And brass quick­ly dark­ens and los­es its appear­ance.

They also make stone stairs, glass stairs, tiled stairs and oth­er more exot­ic mod­els in hous­es. These are even less pop­u­lar options. Most often they can be found in hous­es with a spe­cial design.

Stair­cas­es, steps and rail­ings

As a rule, stairs in hous­es are made in one-flight and two-flight exe­cu­tion. The first of these are con­sid­ered the most dan­ger­ous type of stairs after side and ver­ti­cal ones. If you stum­ble on the top step, then you can roll down head over heels, two-flight stairs are much safer in this regard.

The slope of the internal stairs in the house should not exceed 48 degrees

The slope of the inter­nal stairs in the house should not exceed 48 degrees

Rail­ings and rail­ings on the stairs in a pri­vate house should be high­er than the cen­ter of grav­i­ty of an adult, so that it is impos­si­ble to fly away by lean­ing over them. Stair and floor cov­er­ings near them must not slip. The width of flights of stairs is usu­al­ly tak­en from 1.2 m to 80 cm (but not nar­row­er than the fire escape exit).

A few more num­bers. The slope of the inter­nal stairs in the house should not exceed 48 degrees. And the most com­fort­able slope for the stairs will be in the region of 30–40 degrees. The width of each step must be at least 700 mm for stairs inside the house, and 1200 mm for the front stair­case in the hall. At the same time, the height from the top step of the stairs to the ceil­ing should be more than two meters, oth­er­wise it will be extreme­ly incon­ve­nient to walk on such a lad­der.

5 tips for those who choose stairs

  • Do not make a lad­der with­out accu­rate cal­cu­la­tions, tak­ing into account ergonom­ic fac­tors — oth­er­wise it will be uncom­fort­able and dan­ger­ous to walk on it.

  • Care­ful­ly choose design options, do not use unre­li­able and low-qual­i­ty mate­ri­als. A bro­ken step or a bro­ken self-tap­ping screw is a high prob­a­bil­i­ty of injury.

  • Check for sharp cor­ners. They should­n’t be any­where. It is nec­es­sary to round every­thing that is pos­si­ble.

  • Check each step for slip­per­i­ness. If some­thing is slip­ping some­where, take action.

  • A stair­case with­out handrails and rail­ings is a direct road to injury. Once you have installed the steps, imme­di­ate­ly install the handrails.

Source: top cli­mate