How to build a barn with your own hands

We have pre­pared step-by-step instruc­tions with expert advice on how to build a barn with your own hands and be sat­is­fied with the result.
How to build a barn with your own hands
How to build a barn with your own hands. Pho­to: pixabay.com

Some inter­est­ing facts. The word “barn” in Per­sian means “palace”. You can’t tell, look­ing at the rick­ety booths in our sum­mer cot­tages. You can build a hozblok for stor­ing gar­den tools and oth­er nec­es­sary things with your own hands. We are sure that if you approach the mat­ter with all respon­si­bil­i­ty, then the build­ing will stand for more than a dozen years. The main thing is that every­thing can be done for your­self: dimen­sions, mate­ri­als, loca­tion of zones. Kom­so­mol­skaya Prav­da, togeth­er with an expert, tells how to build a barn with your own hands.

Step-by-step instructions for building a barn

We calculate the scale, choose a place

- First you need to deter­mine the size of the build­ing. Think about what you will have in it, whether you will put up a work­bench, what you will store — just gar­den sup­plies or equip­ment. Such mas­sive units as a gen­er­a­tor or a cul­ti­va­tor take up a lot of space, — admon­ish­es tech­ni­cal sup­port spe­cial­ist of the Tech­noN­IKOL trad­ing net­work Stanislav Gapeev.

Check if there is a necessary tool

It will be a shame if you are enthu­si­as­tic about doing every­thing with your own hands, but the work­shop will not have the right tool and the work will have to be post­poned. There­fore, before going to the store, check if you have all the tools in stock. If any­thing, you can buy more or ask a neigh­bor. You will def­i­nite­ly need:



  • a ham­mer;
  • saw or cir­cu­lar saw;
  • screw­driv­er;
  • lev­el;
  • nails, anchors / dow­els;
  • exten­sion;
  • lad­der.

Going to buy building materials

Based on our instruc­tions, we have com­piled a shop­ping list. You can adjust it based on your per­son­al pref­er­ences. Where to buy mate­ri­als — decide for your­self. In the con­struc­tion hyper­mar­ket, you can take every­thing and imme­di­ate­ly arrange deliv­ery. In addi­tion, it will be a check and eas­i­er to return. The mar­ket is clear­ly rich­er in choice, a vari­ety of prices, but you have to run around the depart­ments.

So, to build a barn you will need:

  • sol­id brick;
  • mono­lith­ic rein­forced con­crete slab;
  • wood­en beam 50x50 mm;
  • wood­en beam 100x100 mm or 150x150 mm;
  • bitu­mi­nous water­proof­ing;
  • pro­tec­tive box or cor­ru­ga­tion for cable;
  • floor board 40 mm;
  • OSB board (OSB‑3) 9 mm;
  • facade tiles or sid­ing;
  • anti­sep­tic for wood;
  • col­ored impreg­na­tion for wood;
  • flex­i­ble tiles or self-adhe­sive roll mate­ri­als on the roof;
  • wiring (sock­ets, cables, auto­mat­ic).

Getting to work

In a favor­able mood, you can begin to col­lect a barn. First, they deal with the foun­da­tion, then with the “skele­ton” (box), cov­er the floor, roof, and sheathe the walls. At the last stage, elec­tri­cal wiring is done.

We equip the barn

When every­thing is ready, you can start mak­ing a hozblok for your­self. Hang shelves, bring a work­bench, place tools and gar­den tools.

What work will need to be done when building a barn

Foundation construction

Like a house, a shed starts with a foun­da­tion. The sim­plest and most com­mon option is colum­nar. It is quite pos­si­ble to build it from the sol­id brick remain­ing on the site. To do this, it is nec­es­sary to dig pits — recess­es in the ground — no more than 50 cm deep, and lay brick pil­lars about 20 cm high above ground lev­el.

Since the build­ing is still used for eco­nom­ic pur­pos­es, the oper­a­tional load on the base can be quite high. Ide­al­ly, a small mono­lith­ic rein­forced con­crete slab should be placed on top. This is labo­ri­ous, but on the oth­er hand, their ser­vice life will be long, on such a basis it will be pos­si­ble to safe­ly put racks with tools and roll up gar­den equip­ment. The top lev­el of the slab will actu­al­ly be the floor mark, this is impor­tant because in the future, heavy tools and equip­ment may be brought into the room.

At the stage of mono­lith­ic work, mort­gages for the input of elec­tric­i­ty should be pro­vid­ed. Still, pulling the cable through the air is not the best idea, but lay­ing the cable in a pro­tec­tive box or cor­ru­ga­tion under­ground is opti­mal.

How to build a house

Many peo­ple think that build­ing a house with their own hands is bet­ter and cheap­er than buy­ing a ready-made one.

We collect the frame of the barn

The best option for the “skele­ton” is a wood­en beam 100x100 mm or 150x150 mm. Tim­ber is a nat­ur­al reli­able mate­r­i­al with suf­fi­cient strength. For its pro­cess­ing and assem­bly does not require spe­cial skills and equip­ment. All you need is a saw and a ham­mer.



  1. The beam is laid on the foun­da­tion base through a lay­er of water­proof­ing bitu­men or bitu­men-poly­mer mate­r­i­al. Between them­selves, the tim­ber is fas­tened into half a tree with the help of anchors and nails. “Half a tree” means that you need to cross-cut half the thick­ness of the tim­ber. At points near the cor­ner joints, a hole is drilled for installing a dow­el or oth­er fas­ten­ers.
  2. Instal­la­tion of ver­ti­cal racks is car­ried out from the same beam 100x100 mm. After lev­el­ing, they are tem­porar­i­ly fixed with aux­il­iary jibs, which are removed after the upper trim.
  3. The upper trim almost mir­rors the low­er one around the perime­ter and is assem­bled from the same beam 100x100 mm.
The best option for the “skele­ton” is a wood­en beam. Pho­to: shutterstock.com

We process the base and lay the floor

- For the treat­ment of rein­forced con­crete bases, it is rec­om­mend­ed to use poly­mer­ic floor cov­er­ings. These are ready-made resin-based com­pounds that form a smooth and durable sur­face. They are thin-lay­ered enough wear-resis­tant and in retail there are ready-made kits for self-appli­ca­tion for small areas. In gen­er­al, you can not process it, but such a floor will be dusty, how­ev­er, in a room for this pur­pose, this can be neglect­ed, says Stanislav Gapeev.

If you did not begin to lay a mono­lith­ic slab at the base, then the floor of the shed can be cov­ered with a 40 mm board along the logs. But if the load is high, then the tree will wear out quick­ly enough.

Assembling the roof

Ancil­lary build­ings, as a rule, are made low and as incon­spic­u­ous as pos­si­ble, so they are more often per­formed sin­gle-sided with a slight slope. Ver­ti­cal racks are placed under the shed roof from the side of the front door. They should be high­er than the rear. Thus, a slope is formed at the desired angle.

Roof truss­es are eas­i­er to assem­ble on the ground, and then lift and install ready-made. As a coat­ing, flex­i­ble tiles or self-adhe­sive roll mate­ri­als can be used.

In both cas­es, a beam of 50x50 mm is ham­mered under them in incre­ments of 500 mm and a nine-mil­lime­ter OSB plate is laid. Next, the roof­ing is laid.

Frame filling

It is made of OSB boards and sheathed with mate­r­i­al sim­i­lar to the main house. It can be, for exam­ple, facade tiles or sid­ing.

- If the facades of your house are lined with bricks, then for the house­hold block, the most suit­able option would be facade tiles imi­tat­ing stone. A vari­ety of col­ors and shapes of tiles will allow you to choose the most suit­able col­lec­tion. If your house is already sheathed with such facade tiles, it is enough to choose a sim­i­lar one, says the KP expert.

Wood processing

All hid­den wood­en ele­ments must be treat­ed with anti­sep­tics before instal­la­tion. And the vis­i­ble parts are col­ored impreg­na­tions. Mod­ern impreg­na­tions, in addi­tion to pro­tec­tion, high­light the tex­ture, empha­size the pat­tern of the tree. Con­sump­tion of anti­sep­tics — from 120 ml / m2 per lay­er. It is rec­om­mend­ed to apply at least two lay­ers. Com­plete dry­ing — up to 48 hours.

Carry out the electrical wiring under the light

If you intend to not only build a barn, but also elec­tri­fy it, then it’s time to start wiring. Make sock­ets inside the util­i­ty room. Think you might need out­lets out­side to con­nect your gar­den equip­ment. For safe­ty, wiring is done through cir­cuit break­ers.



Expert advice

Your house requires atten­tion and reg­u­lar main­te­nance, so near­by, usu­al­ly some­where from the side of the yard, an out­build­ing is built with­out fail, which serves to store tools or equip­ment, and can also be used as a work­shop.

- When you are plan­ning to build a barn, in addi­tion to the area, it is worth con­sid­er­ing the gen­er­al ensem­ble with the main house. The build­ing should echo it in col­or and tex­ture of exte­ri­or fin­ish­ing mate­ri­als. The roof is usu­al­ly made lean-to with a slight angle, so that the out­build­ing does not stand out in the gen­er­al ensem­ble of build­ings with its height, but, on the con­trary, is masked. For cladding walls and roofs, a sim­i­lar coat­ing is often cho­sen as on the main build­ings — a house, a bath­house, — the expert explains.

  • You can cal­cu­late how much build­ing mate­ri­als are need­ed for an object with the help of builders or on your own, since almost all sur­faces are of a sim­ple rec­tan­gu­lar shape. This way you can avoid unnec­es­sary spend­ing.
  • If you plan to store only tools in the shed, then a neat con­struc­tion of 1.5 × 1.5 meters is enough. Seems a lit­tle? You can throw 50 cm each. When a barn is erect­ed as a garage for a lawn mow­er, they make it 2 × 3 meters.
  • In addi­tion to the option we have indi­cat­ed, the barn can be built from brick, foam block or cor­ru­gat­ed board. In the first two cas­es, a good foun­da­tion is required. And in gen­er­al, the options are more expen­sive than the mate­ri­als in our instruc­tions. But it won’t last a decade. The cor­ru­gat­ed board option, on the con­trary, is the most bud­getary and sim­ple. It does­n’t even require a foun­da­tion. But the sheet quick­ly cor­rodes.

Popular questions and answers

Are there any standards for the installation of a barn on the site?

The loca­tion of the hozblok should be planned tak­ing into account its size and dis­tance from the bor­der with neigh­bors, hous­es and baths, — says tech­ni­cal sup­port spe­cial­ist of the Tech­noN­IKOL trad­ing net­work Stanislav Gapeev. — These items are reg­u­lat­ed by doc­u­ments:

SNiP 30–02-97;
SNiP 2.07.01–89;
SP 53.13330.2011;
SP 30–102-99;
SP 42.13330.2011.

To live with neigh­bors in peace, and not attract the atten­tion of reg­u­la­to­ry author­i­ties, fol­low the fol­low­ing rule: the build­ing must be placed at a dis­tance of one or more meters from the neigh­bor­ing ter­ri­to­ry. In this case, the edge of the roof should end at least 0.5 m to the bor­der, and the slope should in no case be direct­ed towards the neigh­bors

What are the alternatives to building a barn with your own hands?

You can buy an already assem­bled hozblok made of wood or tin. These are called con­tain­ers. They are usu­al­ly deliv­ered to the site already assem­bled. The sec­ond pop­u­lar option is a pre­fab­ri­cat­ed barn. The process is rem­i­nis­cent of buy­ing fur­ni­ture: all com­po­nents are brought dis­as­sem­bled, and you will have to assem­ble every­thing accord­ing to the instruc­tions using your tool. Or hire a team. The most cost­ly option is to invite builders to build a barn.

How long does it take to build a barn?

It all depends on the num­ber of work­ers, their skills, as well as the cho­sen con­struc­tion tech­nol­o­gy. It will take approx­i­mate­ly five full days to build the barn from our instruc­tions.

What should I consider if I am going to build a barn for animals?

First of all, san­i­tary require­ments. Read the SNiPs that we list­ed above. Out­build­ings for ani­mals should not be clos­er to hous­es than 15 meters. They must be removed from the wells by at least 20 meters.

If you have large cat­tle, then it’s a good idea to make a space for walk­ing. There are also vet­eri­nary rec­om­men­da­tions on how much space is need­ed to keep dif­fer­ent ani­mals. It is clear that lay­ing hens need less than a large cow.

Par­tic­u­lar atten­tion should be paid to ven­ti­la­tion: the room must be ven­ti­lat­ed even when closed. Ani­mal waste con­tains tox­ic gas­es, the con­cen­tra­tion of which in a room with­out a draft is dan­ger­ous for both live­stock and humans. Ani­mals need warmth, so the mate­ri­als of the roof and walls must be of high qual­i­ty.