We have prepared step-by-step instructions with expert advice on how to build a barn with your own hands and be satisfied with the result.
Some interesting facts. The word “barn” in Persian means “palace”. You can’t tell, looking at the rickety booths in our summer cottages. You can build a hozblok for storing garden tools and other necessary things with your own hands. We are sure that if you approach the matter with all responsibility, then the building will stand for more than a dozen years. The main thing is that everything can be done for yourself: dimensions, materials, location of zones. Komsomolskaya Pravda, together with an expert, tells how to build a barn with your own hands.
Step-by-step instructions for building a barn
We calculate the scale, choose a place
- First you need to determine the size of the building. Think about what you will have in it, whether you will put up a workbench, what you will store — just garden supplies or equipment. Such massive units as a generator or a cultivator take up a lot of space, — admonishes technical support specialist of the TechnoNIKOL trading network Stanislav Gapeev.
Check if there is a necessary tool
It will be a shame if you are enthusiastic about doing everything with your own hands, but the workshop will not have the right tool and the work will have to be postponed. Therefore, before going to the store, check if you have all the tools in stock. If anything, you can buy more or ask a neighbor. You will definitely need:
saw or circular saw;
nails, anchors / dowels;
Going to buy building materials
Based on our instructions, we have compiled a shopping list. You can adjust it based on your personal preferences. Where to buy materials — decide for yourself. In the construction hypermarket, you can take everything and immediately arrange delivery. In addition, it will be a check and easier to return. The market is clearly richer in choice, a variety of prices, but you have to run around the departments.
So, to build a barn you will need:
monolithic reinforced concrete slab;
wooden beam 50x50 mm;
wooden beam 100x100 mm or 150x150 mm;
protective box or corrugation for cable;
floor board 40 mm;
OSB board (OSB‑3) 9 mm;
facade tiles or siding;
antiseptic for wood;
colored impregnation for wood;
flexible tiles or self-adhesive roll materials on the roof;
wiring (sockets, cables, automatic).
Getting to work
In a favorable mood, you can begin to collect a barn. First, they deal with the foundation, then with the “skeleton” (box), cover the floor, roof, and sheathe the walls. At the last stage, electrical wiring is done.
We equip the barn
When everything is ready, you can start making a hozblok for yourself. Hang shelves, bring a workbench, place tools and garden tools.
What work will need to be done when building a barn
Like a house, a shed starts with a foundation. The simplest and most common option is columnar. It is quite possible to build it from the solid brick remaining on the site. To do this, it is necessary to dig pits — recesses in the ground — no more than 50 cm deep, and lay brick pillars about 20 cm high above ground level.
Since the building is still used for economic purposes, the operational load on the base can be quite high. Ideally, a small monolithic reinforced concrete slab should be placed on top. This is laborious, but on the other hand, their service life will be long, on such a basis it will be possible to safely put racks with tools and roll up garden equipment. The top level of the slab will actually be the floor mark, this is important because in the future, heavy tools and equipment may be brought into the room.
At the stage of monolithic work, mortgages for the input of electricity should be provided. Still, pulling the cable through the air is not the best idea, but laying the cable in a protective box or corrugation underground is optimal.
How to build a house
Many people think that building a house with their own hands is better and cheaper than buying a ready-made one.
We collect the frame of the barn
The best option for the “skeleton” is a wooden beam 100x100 mm or 150x150 mm. Timber is a natural reliable material with sufficient strength. For its processing and assembly does not require special skills and equipment. All you need is a saw and a hammer.
The beam is laid on the foundation base through a layer of waterproofing bitumen or bitumen-polymer material. Between themselves, the timber is fastened into half a tree with the help of anchors and nails. “Half a tree” means that you need to cross-cut half the thickness of the timber. At points near the corner joints, a hole is drilled for installing a dowel or other fasteners.
Installation of vertical racks is carried out from the same beam 100x100 mm. After leveling, they are temporarily fixed with auxiliary jibs, which are removed after the upper trim.
The upper trim almost mirrors the lower one around the perimeter and is assembled from the same beam 100x100 mm.
We process the base and lay the floor
- For the treatment of reinforced concrete bases, it is recommended to use polymeric floor coverings. These are ready-made resin-based compounds that form a smooth and durable surface. They are thin-layered enough wear-resistant and in retail there are ready-made kits for self-application for small areas. In general, you can not process it, but such a floor will be dusty, however, in a room for this purpose, this can be neglected, says Stanislav Gapeev.
If you did not begin to lay a monolithic slab at the base, then the floor of the shed can be covered with a 40 mm board along the logs. But if the load is high, then the tree will wear out quickly enough.
Assembling the roof
Ancillary buildings, as a rule, are made low and as inconspicuous as possible, so they are more often performed single-sided with a slight slope. Vertical racks are placed under the shed roof from the side of the front door. They should be higher than the rear. Thus, a slope is formed at the desired angle.
Roof trusses are easier to assemble on the ground, and then lift and install ready-made. As a coating, flexible tiles or self-adhesive roll materials can be used.
In both cases, a beam of 50x50 mm is hammered under them in increments of 500 mm and a nine-millimeter OSB plate is laid. Next, the roofing is laid.
It is made of OSB boards and sheathed with material similar to the main house. It can be, for example, facade tiles or siding.
- If the facades of your house are lined with bricks, then for the household block, the most suitable option would be facade tiles imitating stone. A variety of colors and shapes of tiles will allow you to choose the most suitable collection. If your house is already sheathed with such facade tiles, it is enough to choose a similar one, says the KP expert.
All hidden wooden elements must be treated with antiseptics before installation. And the visible parts are colored impregnations. Modern impregnations, in addition to protection, highlight the texture, emphasize the pattern of the tree. Consumption of antiseptics — from 120 ml / m2 per layer. It is recommended to apply at least two layers. Complete drying — up to 48 hours.
Carry out the electrical wiring under the light
If you intend to not only build a barn, but also electrify it, then it’s time to start wiring. Make sockets inside the utility room. Think you might need outlets outside to connect your garden equipment. For safety, wiring is done through circuit breakers.
Your house requires attention and regular maintenance, so nearby, usually somewhere from the side of the yard, an outbuilding is built without fail, which serves to store tools or equipment, and can also be used as a workshop.
- When you are planning to build a barn, in addition to the area, it is worth considering the general ensemble with the main house. The building should echo it in color and texture of exterior finishing materials. The roof is usually made lean-to with a slight angle, so that the outbuilding does not stand out in the general ensemble of buildings with its height, but, on the contrary, is masked. For cladding walls and roofs, a similar coating is often chosen as on the main buildings — a house, a bathhouse, — the expert explains.
You can calculate how much building materials are needed for an object with the help of builders or on your own, since almost all surfaces are of a simple rectangular shape. This way you can avoid unnecessary spending.
If you plan to store only tools in the shed, then a neat construction of 1.5 × 1.5 meters is enough. Seems a little? You can throw 50 cm each. When a barn is erected as a garage for a lawn mower, they make it 2 × 3 meters.
In addition to the option we have indicated, the barn can be built from brick, foam block or corrugated board. In the first two cases, a good foundation is required. And in general, the options are more expensive than the materials in our instructions. But it won’t last a decade. The corrugated board option, on the contrary, is the most budgetary and simple. It doesn’t even require a foundation. But the sheet quickly corrodes.
Popular questions and answers
Are there any standards for the installation of a barn on the site?
The location of the hozblok should be planned taking into account its size and distance from the border with neighbors, houses and baths, — says technical support specialist of the TechnoNIKOL trading network Stanislav Gapeev. — These items are regulated by documents:
To live with neighbors in peace, and not attract the attention of regulatory authorities, follow the following rule: the building must be placed at a distance of one or more meters from the neighboring territory. In this case, the edge of the roof should end at least 0.5 m to the border, and the slope should in no case be directed towards the neighbors
What are the alternatives to building a barn with your own hands?
You can buy an already assembled hozblok made of wood or tin. These are called containers. They are usually delivered to the site already assembled. The second popular option is a prefabricated barn. The process is reminiscent of buying furniture: all components are brought disassembled, and you will have to assemble everything according to the instructions using your tool. Or hire a team. The most costly option is to invite builders to build a barn.
How long does it take to build a barn?
It all depends on the number of workers, their skills, as well as the chosen construction technology. It will take approximately five full days to build the barn from our instructions.
What should I consider if I am going to build a barn for animals?
First of all, sanitary requirements. Read the SNiPs that we listed above. Outbuildings for animals should not be closer to houses than 15 meters. They must be removed from the wells by at least 20 meters.
If you have large cattle, then it’s a good idea to make a space for walking. There are also veterinary recommendations on how much space is needed to keep different animals. It is clear that laying hens need less than a large cow.
Particular attention should be paid to ventilation: the room must be ventilated even when closed. Animal waste contains toxic gases, the concentration of which in a room without a draft is dangerous for both livestock and humans. Animals need warmth, so the materials of the roof and walls must be of high quality.