Pros and cons of a house from a bar

Every year more and more hous­es are being built from tim­ber. This is due to the sig­nif­i­cant advan­tages of wood­en build­ings. How­ev­er, there are also some dis­ad­van­tages here. Let’s ana­lyze the pros and cons of a house made of tim­ber and lis­ten to the opin­ions of experts
Pros and cons of a house from a bar
Pros and cons of a house from a bar. Pho­to: pixabay.com

Features of the technology of building a house from a bar

Any con­struc­tion involves the use of tech­nolo­gies that have spe­cif­ic fea­tures. The con­struc­tion of a house from a bar is no excep­tion. The tech­no­log­i­cal orig­i­nal­i­ty of this con­struc­tion is as fol­lows.

First, wood is a more “capri­cious” mate­r­i­al than most oth­ers. This is due to its nat­ur­al, organ­ic nature, which dif­fers sig­nif­i­cant­ly from arti­fi­cial mate­ri­als (met­al, plas­tic, cement, arti­fi­cial stone, etc.).

Sec­ond­ly, a wood­en beam absorbs mois­ture well and retains it for a long time, which leads to defor­ma­tion and shrink­age of the build­ing dur­ing the dry­ing process.



Third­ly, the con­struc­tion of a house from a bar is car­ried out in two stages: first, the foun­da­tion is laid, the box of the build­ing and the roof are built, and after about six months, fin­ish­ing work begins.

Fourth­ly, builders must have good car­pen­try skills, because in the process of build­ing a wood­en house, you have to do a lot of man­u­al work relat­ed to saw­ing and trim­ming.

Fifth­ly, the tech­nol­o­gy of work­ing with tim­ber should take into account the dif­fer­ent strength and stiff­ness of wood in dif­fer­ent areas. This involves the use of spe­cial meth­ods for fas­ten­ing the bars.

Sixth­ly, the bars are attached to each oth­er with the help of grooves and pro­tru­sions cut at the ends. Spe­cial met­al pins are also used — dow­els, which con­nect the upper and low­er beams.

Sev­enth, con­struc­tion is car­ried out by lay­ing crowns — hor­i­zon­tal lay­ers of tim­ber, stacked on top of each oth­er around the perime­ter of the house. The cracks after shrink­age of the house are caulked, and the wood is treat­ed with an anti­sep­tic.

Advantages of a log house

A house made of tim­ber has a num­ber of advan­tages com­pared to hous­es built from oth­er mate­ri­als:

  • the use of exclu­sive­ly nat­ur­al wood, since the beam is made of sol­id wood;
  • wood has a num­ber of use­ful prop­er­ties, in par­tic­u­lar, if you build a house from conif­er­ous trees, they will dis­in­fect the air;
  • a wood­en beam has the abil­i­ty to micro­cir­cu­late air, which cre­ates the effect of “breath­ing” walls. In this regard, there is no need to use hydro- and vapor bar­ri­er mem­branes and films;
  • a house made of tim­ber has a nat­ur­al beau­ty that does not require any addi­tion­al arti­fi­cial dec­o­ra­tions;
  • the attrac­tive price is explained not only by the fact that the build­ing mate­r­i­al is rel­a­tive­ly inex­pen­sive, but also by the abil­i­ty to build a house with your own hands, as well as sav­ings on inte­ri­or and exte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion, which you can do with­out;
  • sig­nif­i­cant sav­ings are achieved when lay­ing the foun­da­tion, since the light con­struc­tion of the house allows you to put it on a strip shal­low foun­da­tion, and heavy build­ings need a deep foun­da­tion;
  • assem­bling a house from a bar does not require com­plex and expen­sive con­struc­tion equip­ment, it can be done by a team of two or three work­ers;
  • if the house is built from pro­filed and glued tim­ber, then it is high­ly resis­tant to defor­ma­tion com­pared to ordi­nary untreat­ed tim­ber;
  • in the case when a well-dried tim­ber is used, there is no need for caulk­ing the walls, or this pro­ce­dure is min­i­mized after the final shrink­age of the house;
  • the house can be erect­ed in a short time, since the pro­filed and glued fac­to­ry-made tim­ber does not need fur­ther pro­cess­ing and is imme­di­ate­ly suit­able for con­struc­tion;
  • assem­bly of the house can be car­ried out at any time of the year, which is a sig­nif­i­cant advan­tage, since the use of liq­uid sub­stances is not required;
  • despite the fact that a house made of tim­ber shrinks, and there­fore you need to wait for time to car­ry out fur­ther work, there are plus­es here: you can plan your bud­get in two stages, which does not require invest­ing the entire amount at once;
  • it is pos­si­ble to make hid­den elec­tri­cal wiring, for which it is nec­es­sary to pro­vide the nec­es­sary draw­ings for the wiring of elec­tri­cal com­mu­ni­ca­tions to the tim­ber man­u­fac­tur­er in advance;
  • the smooth sur­face of the walls makes it pos­si­ble to use almost any fin­ish;
  • you can do with­out fin­ish­ing at all, since pro­filed and glued tim­ber have a nat­ur­al beau­ty; a sim­ple sand­ing of the sur­face is enough to bring out the nat­ur­al grain of the wood.
A house from a bar can be built in a short time. Pho­to: shutterstock.com

Cons of a house from a bar

As you know, dis­ad­van­tages are a con­tin­u­a­tion of advan­tages. The same applies to hous­es made of tim­ber, which have some dis­ad­van­tages, nat­u­ral­ly aris­ing from their advan­tages:



  1. Increased fire haz­ard is a dis­ad­van­tage of any wood­en house. To increase the resis­tance of the house to fire, the tim­ber is treat­ed with fire retar­dants already in the fac­to­ry, which allows the sub­stance to pen­e­trate deep­er into the tree, since the whole process is car­ried out under pres­sure in an auto­clave. The processed tim­ber can still catch fire, how­ev­er, the like­li­hood of igni­tion is sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduced, and the com­bus­tion process is not so intense.
  2. Since a wood­en house is built from nat­ur­al mate­ri­als, it is more sus­cep­ti­ble to nat­ur­al decay than arti­fi­cial struc­tures. The tree rots and is eat­en by insects, so a house made of tim­ber must be treat­ed with spe­cial impreg­na­tions every five years.
  3. The tim­ber in the process of dry­ing may crack. Based on this, it is bet­ter to use already dried tim­ber dur­ing con­struc­tion. Incor­rect heat­ing of the house can also affect the occur­rence of cracks. It is not rec­om­mend­ed to imme­di­ate­ly increase the tem­per­a­ture sharply. In the first week, the house is heat­ed to 8–10 degrees, in the sec­ond — to 13–15 degrees, and in the third week the tem­per­a­ture is brought to 20 degrees.
  4. If they live in a house made of tim­ber all the time, and not only in the sum­mer, then it needs seri­ous insu­la­tion. This requires addi­tion­al work and mon­ey. But as a result, the com­fort and cozi­ness of a coun­try wood­en house will be achieved.
  5. It is almost impos­si­ble to cre­ate com­plex archi­tec­tur­al forms (tow­ers, out­build­ings, bay win­dows, etc.) from a bar, since it assumes a rec­ti­lin­ear arrange­ment and is dif­fi­cult to pat­tern saw­ing.
  6. The process of rede­vel­op­ment is almost impos­si­ble. The grooves of the bars are firm­ly attached, if you start to dis­as­sem­ble the crown after the crown, you can destroy the fas­ten­ers. There­fore, it is nec­es­sary to ini­tial­ly think over the build­ing plan so as not to try to make changes to it lat­er after the con­struc­tion is com­plet­ed.
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Expert advice

After the house is built, it needs prop­er care. Experts rec­om­mend adher­ing to the fol­low­ing basic rules:

  • the foun­da­tion must be intact, with­out any dam­age and cracks, oth­er­wise water will accu­mu­late under the house, which will lead to damp­ness and rapid decay of the wood­en base of the floor. In addi­tion, even con­crete is destroyed from pro­longed con­tact with water, and this already threat­ens the sta­bil­i­ty of the whole house. The blind area should be in good con­di­tion, it should be cleaned of snow and mois­ture accu­mu­la­tion in a time­ly man­ner;
  • the walls of the house also need reg­u­lar main­te­nance, they should be pro­tect­ed from adverse nat­ur­al fac­tors: pre­cip­i­ta­tion, humid­i­ty, sun­light, frost. To do this, you can use var­i­ous wood-pro­tec­tive impreg­na­tions (var­nish­es, paints, etc.). It is also nec­es­sary to peri­od­i­cal­ly treat the walls with an anti­sep­tic to pre­vent the appear­ance of fun­gi and mold. The cracks and cracks that have appeared should be caulked and sealed with spe­cial sealants in a time­ly man­ner;
  • the roof requires spe­cial care, it needs to be checked 1–2 times a year for cracks and gaps. It is impos­si­ble for water flow­ing from the roof to fall on the walls; for this, gut­ters and drainage sys­tems are made, which also need reg­u­lar mon­i­tor­ing. A leaky roof caus­es the wood mate­r­i­al to quick­ly break down and begin to rot;
  • not only the appear­ance of the house depends on the con­di­tion of the win­dows, but also the com­fort­able tem­per­a­ture inside. Frames must be pro­tect­ed from mois­ture and pests, for this they must be reg­u­lar­ly treat­ed with appro­pri­ate impreg­na­tions. Win­dows must be sealed with seals that do not have cracks or breaks. You should also take care of win­dow fit­tings, using spe­cial lubri­cants that pro­tect against tem­per­a­ture extremes and cor­ro­sion.
A house made of tim­ber holds heat well even with­out a lay­er of insu­la­tion. This is its great advan­tage over a brick or con­crete struc­ture. Pho­to: shutterstock.com

Popular questions and answers

Pavel Bunin, own­er of the bath com­plex“Ban­sk”:

Is it possible to live in a house made of timber in winter?

Yes, you can. A house made of tim­ber holds heat well even with­out a lay­er of insu­la­tion. This is its great advan­tage over a brick or con­crete struc­ture. A wood­en house heats up quick­ly and cools down slow­ly, and in addi­tion, it absorbs mois­ture from the air well or gives it away when the air is dry. With suf­fi­cient wall thick­ness, a house made of tim­ber can retain heat even in 40-degree frost.

To reduce heat­ing costs, it is desir­able to warm the house after all. Warm­ing is car­ried out out­side the house. For these pur­pos­es, you can use min­er­al wool slabs 5–10 cm thick. It will be the cheap­est if you cov­er them with sid­ing from the out­side, but you can also use wood coat­ings, for exam­ple, imi­ta­tion tim­ber.

Does the timber require maintenance?

Since tim­ber is a nat­ur­al mate­r­i­al, it nat­u­ral­ly needs reg­u­lar main­te­nance. For exam­ple, our ances­tors used a win­ter for­est to build hous­es, as it has less mois­ture and prac­ti­cal­ly no harm­ful microor­gan­isms and insects. Cur­rent­ly, win­ter wood is also used in con­struc­tion, but var­i­ous anti­sep­tics are also wide­ly used.

To pro­tect the tim­ber from pre­cip­i­ta­tion and direct sun­light, var­nish­es, oils and paints can be used. This not only guar­an­tees safe­ty, but also gives addi­tion­al attrac­tive­ness to the house. It is advis­able to use anti­sep­tics every two years, and renew paint­work every five years.

The tim­ber is also treat­ed with flame retar­dants — sub­stances that pro­tect wood­en build­ings from fires. It is nec­es­sary to act with this rem­e­dy only on the inter­nal parts of the house in order to increase the time of their resis­tance to fire. Out­side, such pro­cess­ing is inef­fec­tive and will sim­ply lead to unnec­es­sary costs.

Which beam is better to choose?

In the con­struc­tion of wood­en hous­es, the fol­low­ing types of tim­ber are used: ordi­nary, pro­filed and glued.

An ordi­nary beam (four-edged) is a log sawn from four sides. It is cheap­er than oth­er types, because it has not been processed and dried. This cre­ates addi­tion­al dif­fi­cul­ties in the work.

Pro­filed tim­ber is a much bet­ter prod­uct. It is already dried, so it does not shrink much. There may or may not be gaps between the crowns. Mount­ing grooves are also made at the fac­to­ry, which facil­i­tates assem­bly.

Glued lam­i­nat­ed tim­ber is the most tech­no­log­i­cal­ly advanced prod­uct. But its price is 3–4 times high­er than that of a con­ven­tion­al tim­ber, which is a sig­nif­i­cant dis­ad­van­tage.

If we com­pare the price and qual­i­ty, then the best option, in my opin­ion, is the use of pro­filed tim­ber. Its rea­son­able price is com­bined with a fair­ly high qual­i­ty.