Do-it-yourself barbecue area in the country

A con­ve­nient and beau­ti­ful place for bar­be­cue — a bar­be­cue area — is an impor­tant con­di­tion for a good sum­mer hol­i­day. It is nec­es­sary to think in advance the rules for the com­pe­tent design of the bar­be­cue area
Do-it-yourself barbecue area in the country
Do-it-your­self bar­be­cue area in the coun­try house. Pho­to: pix­abay

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Rest in the coun­try is not con­ceiv­able with­out bar­be­cue and oth­er dish­es cooked on a fire. But this requires a bra­zier and the cor­re­spond­ing arrange­ment of the adja­cent area. Own­ers of sum­mer cot­tages have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to show imag­i­na­tion by plac­ing a bar­be­cue next to the kitchen, in a gaze­bo or in an open space.

You can lim­it your­self to a portable bar­be­cue or build a fun­da­men­tal oven that will last for many years. Depend­ing on which bar­be­cue area is cho­sen (open, closed, semi-closed), there are var­i­ous design solu­tions that allow you to turn the cook­ing process into an excit­ing out­door event.

The best projects of barbecue areas in the country with photos

To make bar­be­cue cook­ing in the coun­try a real hol­i­day, you need to choose the project of the bar­be­cue area that suits you. There are dif­fer­ent options: a gaze­bo with a bar­be­cue area, a ter­race with a bar­be­cue, a patio with a bar­be­cue, an open area. Let’s con­sid­er these options in more detail.



Gazebo with barbecue area

Beau­ti­ful­ly exe­cut­ed gaze­bo with bar­be­cue can dec­o­rate any cot­tage. In such a gaze­bo, the fol­low­ing zones are dis­tin­guished: work­ing, din­ing, a place to relax. For the con­struc­tion of a gaze­bo, wood, brick or met­al is most often used. The oven can be sta­tion­ary or mobile, but in any case, the fol­low­ing rules must be observed:

  • you should not place the gaze­bo too close to the house or a neigh­bor­ing site, as smoke and noise will inter­fere;
  • the walls and ceil­ing of the gaze­bo should be sheathed with non-com­bustible mate­ri­als;
  • the bra­zier is installed on a spe­cial foun­da­tion or a sheet of gal­va­nized met­al;
The brazier zone is very popular and can be done with your own hands.  Photo: pixabay
The bra­zier zone is very pop­u­lar and can be done with your own hands. Pho­to: pix­abay
  • inside the room you need a dome hood;
  • the chim­ney is brought out 0.5 m above the ridge, and the pipe is cov­ered with a visor.

Terrace with barbecue

The bar­be­cue area is often attached to the house itself, in which case we will have a ter­race with a bar­be­cue. This design is very pop­u­lar and can be done with your own hands. The exten­sion can be both open and closed.

The sec­ond option will allow you to cook food all year round, but its con­struc­tion will require more effort and time. The open ter­race also has its advan­tages. It is most often used in sum­mer coun­try hous­es and allows you to enjoy bar­be­cue in the fresh air.

The arrange­ment of the ter­race with bar­be­cue has the fol­low­ing fea­tures:

  • the stove should not inter­fere with move­ment along the veran­da;
  • already at the con­struc­tion stage, it should be fore­seen where fire­wood and coal will be stored;
  • it is bet­ter to make the cook­ing grate remov­able and place it on the same lev­el with the kitchen table, which will make the cook­ing process sim­ple and con­ve­nient;
  • around the fur­nace you need to con­sid­er the work­ing area;
  • an impor­tant part of the design is a chim­ney with good draft;
  • fur­ni­ture on the ter­race is best placed at a suf­fi­cient dis­tance from the bar­be­cue.

Patio with barbecue

Patio — an open paved part of the court­yard behind the house, which is intend­ed for sum­mer recre­ation. If the ter­race is a con­tin­u­a­tion of the house, then the patio is an open area. Some­times a light canopy is installed here from the rain, and the zone itself is fenced off with hedges and climb­ing plants. The site will be com­ple­ment­ed by a neat lawn, a small foun­tain, and a fire­place.

It is bet­ter to have a patio close to the house so that it is eas­i­er to cook. The site should be made at a slight slope so that pre­cip­i­ta­tion quick­ly drains and the floor remains dry. The bra­zier can be sta­tion­ary or portable.

The clas­sic patio is a square or rec­tan­gu­lar area with appro­pri­ate fur­ni­ture. The entrance can be both from the yard and from the house. The floor is laid of dec­o­ra­tive brick, tile or stone. A foun­da­tion is installed under the bra­zier.



There are var­i­ous patio options: with a swim­ming pool, jacuzzi, hearth (fire­place), out­door cin­e­ma. Since the patio is a for­eign inven­tion, it can be made in var­i­ous styles: Greek, Ital­ian, Eng­lish, French, etc.

When con­struct­ing a patio with a bar­be­cue, the sequence of actions should be tak­en into account:

  • pre­pare a patio project;
  • it is desir­able to place the patio away from pry­ing eyes, cre­at­ing an atmos­phere of pri­va­cy;
  • observe the opti­mal dimen­sions of the patio, depend­ing on the area of ​​the sum­mer cot­tage;
  • com­pe­tent­ly orga­nize the patio space using appro­pri­ate fur­ni­ture, plants, light­ing.
Basically, the barbecue area is placed in the country in the open.  Photo: globallookpress
Basi­cal­ly, the bar­be­cue area is placed in the coun­try in the open. Pho­to: glob­al­look­press

open area

This ver­sion of the bar­be­cue area is locat­ed in the coun­try house in the open. The bra­zier is estab­lished on an equal firm sur­face. A seat­ing area with a table and chairs is equipped with a light canopy. Such a site requires small finan­cial and labor costs, how­ev­er, weath­er fac­tors can inter­fere with a pleas­ant pas­time at any time. It should also be tak­en into account that the open area should be locat­ed away from build­ings and flam­ma­ble sub­stances.

The base for an open area is most often made of paving slabs, bricks or paving stones. The order of work is as fol­lows:

  • site mark­ing;
  • removal of a lay­er of soil to a depth of 20–30 cm;
  • com­pact­ing the base and falling asleep a lay­er of sand 5–10 cm thick;
  • lay­ing a lay­er of crushed stone in 5–10 cm;
  • pour­ing cement and lay­ing the final coat­ing.

Barbecue area made of bricks

A brick bra­zier is often used in sum­mer cot­tages, because, unlike a met­al bra­zier, it is more durable and con­ve­nient, does not get very hot and is less trau­mat­ic. Some sum­mer res­i­dents, in an effort to save mon­ey, mate­ri­als and labor, over­ly sim­pli­fy the design of the bra­zier, which leads to the destruc­tion of the walls. There­fore, you should strict­ly fol­low the instruc­tions:

  • prepar­ing a draw­ing of the bra­zier (the dimen­sions of the work­ing area of ​​the bra­zier must cor­re­spond to the dimen­sions of the grill for coals and the ash pan);
  • the con­struc­tion of a reli­able foun­da­tion, the dimen­sions of which are deter­mined by the exter­nal dimen­sions of the bra­zier;
  • con­struc­tion of a U‑shaped bra­zier; oven brick is used, a mor­tar is pre­pared for mason­ry: 1 part cement, 3 parts sand, 1 part slaked lime;
  • the first row is laid on water­proof­ing from 1–2 lay­ers of roof­ing mate­r­i­al;
  • the lay­ing of each row starts from the cor­ners, the brick is laid in a checker­board pat­tern;
  • after the first 6–8 lay­ers are laid out, the open­ing is cov­ered with sev­er­al cor­ners (an ash tray will be installed on them);
  • after anoth­er two rows, rein­force­ment is installed on which the grate will lie, the opti­mal dis­tance from the coals to the skew­ers is 3 bricks;
  • the last row of bricks will serve as the base of the desk­top.

Barbecue area made of metal

Met­al is the most com­mon mate­r­i­al for the pro­duc­tion of bar­be­cues. Such struc­tures are eas­i­ly trans­port­ed and dis­as­sem­bled, as they are light in weight. The met­al heats up quick­ly, retains heat well, which con­tributes to fast and even fry­ing.

An impor­tant task is the cor­rect choice of met­al, since the bra­zier can be deformed dur­ing use from high tem­per­a­tures. That is why stain­less steel bra­ziers are not very strong and durable.



The best option would be a bra­zier made of heat-resis­tant steel. This alloy con­tains a high per­cent­age of chromi­um, which forms a refrac­to­ry coat­ing at high tem­per­a­tures. Such a bra­zier will be resis­tant to cor­ro­sion, to shocks and dam­age of weak and medi­um strength. Cast iron bra­zier is the best option, but it has a lot of weight and a sig­nif­i­cant price.

The main stages of mak­ing a met­al bar­be­cue with your own hands:

  • devel­op­ment of a draw­ing of a bra­zier;
  • cut­ting out the grinder of all the main parts from met­al sheets;
  • drilling holes on the side walls for air ducts (2 cm from the bot­tom, 1–1.5 cm in diam­e­ter, at a dis­tance of 5 cm from each oth­er);
  • saw­ing holes for skew­ers along the upper edge of the side walls in incre­ments of 10 cm;
  • weld­ing the bot­tom and side­walls togeth­er;
  • weld­ing legs at the cor­ners of the bar­be­cue, the legs can be made from rein­force­ment.

Barbecue area made of wood

Wood is a nat­ur­al eco-friend­ly mate­r­i­al, so it is most often used for arrang­ing a bar­be­cue area. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, it will not work to use wood to cre­ate the bra­zier itself due to the high fire haz­ard of this mate­r­i­al.

Almost all options for bar­be­cue areas (gaze­bo, ter­race, patio, out­door area) are cre­at­ed using wood. It allows you to cre­ate addi­tion­al coun­try com­fort, as it fits very well into the nat­ur­al envi­ron­ment.

An impor­tant ele­ment of the bar­be­cue area is fur­ni­ture, so it should be giv­en increased atten­tion. First of all, you will need a table for cut­ting food, stor­ing dish­es and serv­ing details. If the size of the cot­tage is sol­id, then you will need a whole kitchen set. You can also not do with­out a din­ing table with bench­es, which can be made in a wide vari­ety of styles. The recre­ation area also involves the use of var­i­ous wood­en acces­sories (bed, deck chair, bed­side tables, etc.).

The fol­low­ing work order must be observed:

  • project devel­op­ment;
  • lay­ing the foun­da­tion;
  • con­struc­tion of a wood­en frame;
  • roof con­struc­tion;
  • Fin­ish­ing work.

Budget options for a barbecue area

The most bud­get option for the bar­be­cue area in the coun­try is an open area. It is most often used in those dachas where the own­ers seek to save as much as pos­si­ble, but, at the same time, to ful­ly relax in nature.

The most eco­nom­i­cal is a fac­to­ry-made met­al bra­zier or made with your own hands. In order not to spend mon­ey on a canopy, you can even use a fold­ing umbrel­la if the rain caught in the process of cook­ing bar­be­cue. Dry fire­wood is used as a com­bustible mate­r­i­al, which is not dif­fi­cult to get in the coun­try.



The site itself can also be equipped using a min­i­mum of funds. It needs to be cleared and lev­elled. Light­weight met­al bra­zier does not need an addi­tion­al foun­da­tion.

Sim­ple rus­tic fur­ni­ture will add extra charm to a hol­i­day home. A plas­tic table and a set of chairs are also not expen­sive at all.

The best bar­be­cues

When the weath­er gets warm, peo­ple start going out for pic­nics.

Expert advice

Mari­na Vorotynt­se­va, head of the Land­stroy­ka com­pa­ny, land­scape design­er with 15 years of expe­ri­ence

The bra­zier zone is a place of your rest, and the require­ments for it are the same: to cre­ate cozi­ness. There­fore, it should be fenced off from pry­ing eyes and nois­es. You can make a pavil­ion or an open area, you can build a canopy — it all depends on your finan­cial capa­bil­i­ties. This zone is ide­al­ly locat­ed out­side the walk­way. If you plant a hedge around this zone, prefer­ably from conifers, it will be just won­der­ful. Ephedra per­fect­ly puri­fy the air, fill it with heal­ing phy­ton­cides and are dec­o­ra­tive at any time of the year. And if they have a pyra­mi­dal shape or a hair­cut, it will be a lux­u­ri­ous green wall. The place of the bar­be­cue area must be approved by your fam­i­ly, and first on the plan. Oth­er­wise, there will be con­stant alter­ations, dis­putes and so on. Every­one should love the place.

Felix Aliskerov, Sales Con­sul­tant, Leroy Mer­lin Sholokho­vo Hyper­mar­ket

It is not easy to deter­mine the best project for a bar­be­cue area, since the eval­u­a­tion would have to take into account such a sub­jec­tive cri­te­ri­on as design. It is dif­fi­cult to com­pare dif­fer­ent designs of bar­be­cue areas, since each of them is cre­at­ed tak­ing into account the gen­er­al style. For this rea­son, it is worth talk­ing not about the best project, but about a project that meets a set of objec­tive cri­te­ria. The bar­be­cue area must meet three main cri­te­ria: safe­ty, con­ve­nience and ver­sa­til­i­ty.

Safe­ty plays an impor­tant role, as a fire is made in the bar­be­cue area. The stove or bra­zier should be locat­ed at the max­i­mum dis­tance from the house, oth­er build­ings, trees and bush­es. It is also worth con­sid­er­ing the loca­tion of the zone rel­a­tive to the neigh­bors’ plots. If pos­si­ble, it is bet­ter to equip the bar­be­cue area as far as pos­si­ble from the hous­es so that the smoke does not inter­fere with the neigh­bors.

If a bra­zier or char­coal grill is used in the zone, the device must be locat­ed on the ground or on a floor made of non-com­bustible mate­r­i­al and shel­tered from the wind by a wall or fence. The fence is opti­mal­ly at least one and a half meters in height to pro­tect the flame from the wind.

The best option would be a brazier made of heat-resistant steel.  Photo: globallookpress
The best option would be a bra­zier made of heat-resis­tant steel. Pho­to: glob­al­look­press

In the con­struc­tion of bar­be­cue areas, cer­tain stan­dards have devel­oped that should be tak­en into account when devel­op­ing your own project. Most often, the bar­be­cue area is a kind of gaze­bo with three walls and an equipped floor, com­bin­ing the func­tions of a sum­mer kitchen and places to relax. As a rule, tak­ing into account the Russ­ian cli­mate, an indoor pavil­ion is cho­sen for con­struc­tion in the coun­try.

There are a wide range of floor designs to choose from, depend­ing on your bud­get and per­son­al pref­er­ences. Com­bustible mate­ri­als such as wood should be avoid­ed. If the site com­bines a bar­be­cue area and a recre­ation area, it is prefer­able to choose a floor made of non-com­bustible mate­r­i­al for installing a bra­zier or stove. In the recre­ation area, it is per­mis­si­ble to use wood floor­ing. Most often, a sol­id foun­da­tion of con­crete is equipped on the site for the bra­zier. This is jus­ti­fied by the fact that many stoves and sta­tion­ary tan­doors are heavy.



Assess­ing the project in terms of com­fort, it is worth con­sid­er­ing, first of all, the loca­tion of the stove, work table and kitchen fur­ni­ture for stor­ing fire­wood, coal, means for light­ing and main­tain­ing the flame, dish­es and oth­er uten­sils. In the lay­out, you can adhere to the clas­sic prin­ci­ple of the “tri­an­gle”, plac­ing the table and stor­age fur­ni­ture to the right and left of the stove or bar­be­cue. The dis­tance to the table and fur­ni­ture should be cal­cu­lat­ed so that you do not have to reach for the things nec­es­sary in the cook­ing process.

The ver­sa­til­i­ty of the gaze­bo lies in the com­bi­na­tion of recre­ation areas and bar­be­cue facil­i­ties. The dimen­sions of such a gaze­bo are cal­cu­lat­ed based on the num­ber of peo­ple who can gath­er in the zone at the same time. It is nec­es­sary to pro­ceed from the norm of two square meters per guest. So, for six guests it is bet­ter to build a pavil­ion with an area of ​​12 square meters. Here it is nec­es­sary to add anoth­er 2–4 square meters for the instal­la­tion of a bar­be­cue and kitchen fur­ni­ture. The most con­ve­nient are uni­ver­sal rec­tan­gu­lar arbors in the perime­ter.

With such a lay­out, the bar­be­cue area is locat­ed at one end of the pavil­ion, and the din­ing table is at the oth­er, and with a favor­able wind direc­tion, the smoke from the bar­be­cue does not pre­vent guests from relax­ing. When choos­ing a stove, this fac­tor does not play a role, since the smoke from the stove exits through the chim­ney.

BBQ ovens

If you live in a pri­vate house and like to cook on fire, you can’t do with­out a bar­be­cue oven.

How to make a barbecue area in the country with your own hands

1. Choice of location

First of all, you should start by choos­ing a place. In this case, the fol­low­ing con­di­tions must be met:

  1. Safe­ty. The bra­zier should be locat­ed at a suf­fi­cient dis­tance from the house and flam­ma­ble mate­ri­als. It is rec­om­mend­ed to build a pro­tec­tive wall along the bra­zier with a height of 1.5–3 meters;
  2. Ease of loca­tion and use. There should be a fair­ly wide pas­sage to the bar­be­cue with good vis­i­bil­i­ty. The bra­zier can be locat­ed next to the kitchen, where all the nec­es­sary uten­sils and water are avail­able. The best option would also be to place a bar­be­cue next to the bath, since there is also water and a place for din­ner.
  3. Wind pro­tec­tion. The flame of a fire should be pro­tect­ed from strong gusts of wind, for which nat­ur­al bar­ri­ers can be used. In addi­tion, smoke should not inter­fere with neigh­bors.
  4. Beau­ti­ful envi­ron­ment. Being in the bar­be­cue area, the vaca­tion­er should be able to enjoy aes­thet­ic views.

2. Drawing preparation

When a place is cho­sen, you can begin to devel­op a draw­ing. The project depends on the size and type of the bar­be­cue area: open, semi-closed or closed.

It is eas­i­er and cheap­er to design an open bar­be­cue area, since it can be locat­ed in any area with­out a roof. The main thing here is the bra­zier, which can be rep­re­sent­ed by a met­al bar­be­cue or a sim­ple stove.

The semi-closed bar­be­cue area is closed with a canopy or fenced with poles. The bra­zier itself can be made by hand or pur­chased in a store.

The closed bar­be­cue area is a sep­a­rate small build­ing with a roof. Here you can cook food at any time of the year and keep warm from the cold. A closed area requires a more com­plex project, as it will have to lay the foun­da­tion, build walls, roof, etc.

It is easier and cheaper to design an open barbecue area.  Photo: globallookpress
It is eas­i­er and cheap­er to design an open bar­be­cue area. Pho­to: glob­al­look­press

3. Choice of materials

When con­struct­ing a man­gal zone, wood, brick and met­al are most often used. The stone is used main­ly for dec­o­ra­tion.



Each mate­r­i­al has its own advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages. For exam­ple, wood is the most in demand, because it is envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly, attrac­tive, does not have a large weight, but is fire haz­ardous, which requires addi­tion­al fire pre­ven­tion mea­sures. In addi­tion, wood decays faster.

Brick and stone are more reli­able mate­ri­als, as they are less sus­cep­ti­ble to fire and adverse weath­er con­di­tions. Main­te­nance of such build­ings is not bur­den­some. You can use var­i­ous design solu­tions for arrang­ing the bar­be­cue area, which will look ele­gant.

An addi­tion­al mate­r­i­al here is spe­cial glass. At the same time, brick and stone are more dif­fi­cult to work with, have sig­nif­i­cant weight, and the price of such a build­ing will be much high­er than that of wood.

The most expen­sive option is forged met­al con­struc­tion. It is durable, fire­proof and attrac­tive because it is made by forg­ing. How­ev­er, it is quite dif­fi­cult to build such a struc­ture with your own hands, besides, it requires con­stant care (paint­ing, cor­ro­sion con­trol) and does not pro­tect from wind and pre­cip­i­ta­tion.

4. Foundation preparation

Met­al bra­ziers can be installed direct­ly on the ground or on a plat­form lined with stone. If it is a brick oven or a heavy met­al bra­zier, then a foun­da­tion will be required. It can be made with your own hands.

For this, mark­ings are made on the ground accord­ing to the size of the bar­be­cue and 10–15 cen­time­ters are added around the entire perime­ter. It is best to make a con­crete foun­da­tion for the entire base, which can with­stand tem­per­a­ture extremes and swelling of the soil in the spring and win­ter.

First, a pit is dug with a depth of 60–70 cm, its bot­tom is rammed, a lay­er of crushed stone about 10 cm high is poured, which is also com­pact­ed with a ram­mer.

After that, a form­work with a height of at least 10 cm is made. Con­crete is poured from cement grade not low­er than M200 along the perime­ter of the recess into the pit to the upper edge of the form­work.

For one to two weeks, the struc­ture is left to solid­i­fy, after which two lay­ers of water­proof­ing are laid with roof­ing mate­r­i­al or roof­ing felt and lubri­cat­ed with liq­uid water­proof­ing mas­tic. After that, you can pro­ceed to the lay­ing of the bar­be­cue.

5. Building a canopy

A canopy over the bar­be­cue is need­ed to pro­tect from the weath­er. It must meet the cri­te­ria of safe­ty, aes­thet­ics and com­fort. The canopy con­sists of sup­port­ing ver­ti­cal pil­lars and a roof. Its size direct­ly depends on the size of the fur­nace. Canopies are wood­en, met­al (forged) and brick (cap­i­tal).



Roofs for a canopy can be of var­i­ous designs. The eas­i­est way is to make a sin­gle-sided and arched canopy with your own hands. A small roof does not pro­tect well from heavy rains, but from light rain it is com­plete­ly, so its size should be at least 1 m in each direc­tion from the bar­be­cue. The opti­mal height of the canopy is about 3 m. This will min­i­mize the risk of it catch­ing fire from an open fire, pro­vide the space with nat­ur­al light and make the cook­ing process more com­fort­able.

6. Barbecue or barbecue?

The bra­zier is a rec­tan­gu­lar bra­zier in which coals smol­der, and the meat is cooked on skew­ers on top. A bar­be­cue is a round bra­zier, and the meat is cooked on a grate locat­ed on it. So the dif­fer­ence lies in the cook­ing meth­ods.

A bar­be­cue dif­fers from a bar­be­cue in that the heat is eas­i­ly reg­u­lat­ed thanks to a spe­cial device, so it spreads even­ly. In addi­tion, by rais­ing or low­er­ing the grate, you can adjust its dis­tance to the coals. There are dif­fer­ent types of bar­be­cues: portable and sta­tion­ary, heat­ed by coal, gas or elec­tric­i­ty, with or with­out var­i­ous addi­tion­al devices. On the bar­be­cue, you can cook a wide vari­ety of dish­es: meat, fish, seafood, a whole chick­en or part of it, var­i­ous veg­eta­bles and fruits.

Best BBQ

How to choose the best bar­be­cue and how such a device dif­fers from a con­ven­tion­al grill

Expert advice

Mari­na Vorotynt­se­va:

You can eas­i­ly equip the bar­be­cue area with your own hands. Decide: a sta­tion­ary oven or a mobile one, how many seats your table will have, how to accom­mo­date your guests and fam­i­ly. Of course, first on the plan.

If pos­si­ble, it is bet­ter to pur­chase a ready-made glass pavil­ion, or install a canopy, then you can gath­er in this place even in wet weath­er. But in the absence of funds today and now, think over the space so that in the future you can put a pavil­ion in this place with­out alter­ations (remov­ing seedlings). Believe me, your oppor­tu­ni­ties will only grow, and, accord­ing­ly, you will equip your bar­be­cue area with max­i­mum com­fort. So do it in per­spec­tive. And if today there is no mon­ey for all your Wish­list, then you can even get by with the stumps of old trees, a rus­tic ver­sion of a fence made of branch­es, plant­i­ng climb­ing plants near them. The main thing is the hearth.

And anoth­er impor­tant detail: cov­er­age. Even if you have a beau­ti­ful lawn, won­der­ful grass, make paths, albeit step-by-step, but it is bet­ter to pave the patio. The most cost-effec­tive option is lay­ing nat­ur­al stone. It will be object­ed to me that tiles, bricks, and oth­er mate­ri­als can be laid. But believe a land­scape design­er with 15 years of expe­ri­ence: we mea­sure the cost of mate­ri­als not at the time of pur­chase, but dis­trib­ute them over the entire ser­vice life. There­fore, there is noth­ing bet­ter than nat­ur­al stone for a patio.

First­ly, it is easy to lay it your­self on a sand cush­ion, sec­ond­ly, it is easy to repair, and third­ly, lawn grass can be sown between the stones — it grows beau­ti­ful­ly, it is cut like a reg­u­lar lawn. You do not come to admire the paving, but the grass. Fourth, over time, this mate­r­i­al does not col­lapse. And final­ly, the cher­ry on the cake: in win­ter, nat­ur­al stones do not get such frost as con­crete. In sum­mer, the stones are heat­ed and it is very pleas­ant to walk bare­foot on them.

Now many are mak­ing sta­tion­ary large ovens that are mul­ti­func­tion­al and look amaz­ing. In my opin­ion, over such fur­naces, with­out fail, there should be a canopy. And if you have a small mobile stove, a canopy is not nec­es­sary at all.

Felix Aliskerov:



The order of work large­ly depends on the choice of type of con­struc­tion and mate­r­i­al. The eas­i­est way is to arrange the site with your own hands and pur­chase a fin­ished pavil­ion. Assem­bling the gaze­bo if you have the skills, you can do it your­self.

You can equip a plat­form or floor­ing in dif­fer­ent ways. When cre­at­ing a sol­id mono­lith­ic foun­da­tion, a num­ber of prepara­to­ry work is per­formed at the first stage. They include the cre­ation of a pit, tak­ing into account the depth of soil freez­ing in the region and the lev­el of ground­wa­ter, the cre­ation of a cush­ion of sand and grav­el that pre­vents defor­ma­tion of the foun­da­tion, the cre­ation of drainage and a water­proof­ing lay­er.

If you have the skills and expe­ri­ence, you can do the project for the inde­pen­dent con­struc­tion of a mono­lith­ic foun­da­tion with your own hands. In the absence of expe­ri­ence, it is rec­om­mend­ed to pre­pare for the project. You can do this with the help of arti­cles or videos. Infor­ma­tion on build­ing a foun­da­tion for gar­den build­ings is avail­able on the web­sites of retail chains in the DIY seg­ment, offer­ing every­thing you need to equip a sum­mer house.

As an alter­na­tive, it is pos­si­ble to rec­om­mend the cre­ation of a mono­lith­ic foun­da­tion for installing a stove and erect­ing a deck for a recre­ation area made of wood on screw piles. This type of foun­da­tion is eas­i­er to equip than a mono­lith­ic con­crete slab. For the instal­la­tion of piles, spe­cial equip­ment is not required, and for the con­struc­tion of a gaze­bo on piles, only a stan­dard set of tools and a weld­ing machine are required.

A foun­da­tion is not required to install a light mobile bar­be­cue or char­coal grill. The eas­i­est and sim­plest option for exe­cu­tion is a pavil­ion with­out a foun­da­tion on screw piles. In fact, this is a roof or a kind of awning that pro­tects an equipped and lev­eled earth­en plat­form from the weath­er.

How to arrange a barbecue area?

When design­ing a bar­be­cue area in a sum­mer cot­tage, you can ful­ly show your own imag­i­na­tion, but there are some rec­om­men­da­tions. First of all, you need to decide on the type of bar­be­cue area (open area, gaze­bo, ter­race, patio).

Zon­ing is impor­tant. The bra­zier zone should be clear­ly divid­ed into a work­ing and din­ing part. The work­ing area is always locat­ed next to the bra­zier. Prop­er arrange­ment of fur­ni­ture will allow you to sep­a­rate it from the place of eat­ing. For exam­ple, a din­ing table or sofa can serve as a par­ti­tion. An arti­fi­cial or nat­ur­al fence is also used.

For an out­door area, it is bet­ter to use light gar­den fur­ni­ture that is adapt­ed to weath­er changes, eas­i­ly fold­ed and car­ried from place to place. In the case of a closed bar­be­cue area, you can stock up on mas­sive wood­en fur­ni­ture.

Com­bined light­ing helps design the bar­be­cue area. The main light should be com­bined with dec­o­ra­tive light­ing. Spot­lights should be placed in the place of cook­ing. Ceil­ing chan­de­liers can be hung in the closed area. In an open area, solar lanterns and lamps look good, which are charged dur­ing the day and shine at night. This allows you to save ener­gy.

Expert advice

Mari­na Vorotynt­se­va:



When design­ing a bar­be­cue area, it is impor­tant to sep­a­rate it from the rest of the space, to cre­ate back­stage. In addi­tion to hedges, you can use trel­lis­es, hedges, ridges — your imag­i­na­tion is not lim­it­ed to any­thing. In addi­tion to sep­a­rat­ing the area from the out­side, you should think about dec­o­rat­ing the inside of the area. The low­er tier of plants under conifers can be very spec­tac­u­lar: bright bush­es of bar­ber­ries, hydrangeas and sim­i­lar plants will cre­ate a spe­cial fla­vor inside the zone. There­fore, do not plan a small area, let it be more spa­cious.

When designing a barbecue area in a summer cottage, you can fully show your own imagination.  Photo: globallookpress
When design­ing a bar­be­cue area in a sum­mer cot­tage, you can ful­ly show your own imag­i­na­tion. Pho­to: glob­al­look­press

Felix Aliskerov:

The design of the bar­be­cue area depends on the over­all styl­is­tic deci­sion of the site. When arrang­ing the zone, it is best to adhere to those solu­tions that have already been used in the design of a house or oth­er gar­den build­ings. So, when choos­ing a mate­r­i­al for the roof of a bar­be­cue pavil­ion, you should give pref­er­ence to the mate­r­i­al and col­ors that are used on the roof of the house.

When choos­ing a mate­r­i­al for a fence that pro­tects the bra­zier from the wind, you should also pay atten­tion to the design of the house. How­ev­er, if the house is made of wood, it is bet­ter to choose a dif­fer­ent mate­r­i­al. The most pop­u­lar mate­r­i­al for build­ing a pavil­ion wall in the imme­di­ate vicin­i­ty is brick. It is pre­sent­ed for sale in a large assort­ment, and there is always the oppor­tu­ni­ty to choose the type of brick that best match­es the col­or of the walls of a wood­en house.

Popular questions and answers

How to preserve the barbecue area for the winter?

Your task — advis­es Mari­na Vorotynt­se­va, — make sure that water does not dam­age your oven. Because water, hit­ting any crack, expands when it freezes, and destroys every­thing that comes in its path. Frosts are not as bad as thaws. Or in oth­er words, freeze-thaw cycles. When prepar­ing for win­ter, your task is to pro­tect your small archi­tec­tur­al forms from exter­nal and inter­nal water.

Exter­nal — pre­cip­i­ta­tion, and inter­nal — con­den­sate, which can form, for exam­ple, on a film. By the way, it is often the con­den­sate that many do not take into account, wrap­ping the plants with a film. It is under the film dur­ing sun­ny days, thaws that water drops form, which then set­tle and freeze, cre­at­ing their destruc­tive effect.

Prepar­ing for win­ter — shares his expe­ri­ence Felix Aliskerov, — depends on the equip­ment installed in the bar­be­cue area. A mobile bra­zier or a char­coal bar­be­cue grill made of steel must be cleaned of ash, car­bon deposits and scale on the inner walls with a wire brush and a scraper. After clean­ing, the bra­zier or bra­zier must be moved to a room closed from wind and pre­cip­i­ta­tion. Met­al uten­sils, knives, axes and oth­er tools should also be cleaned and sent for win­ter stor­age indoors.

A sta­tion­ary oven or tan­door is also freed from ash and coal. After clean­ing, the fur­nace, blow­er and oth­er open­ings must be closed using the dampers or cov­ers includ­ed in the kit. If there are no pro­tec­tive equip­ment in the kit, the dampers can be made from ply­wood your­self. From the same mate­r­i­al it is worth mak­ing a lid, which will close the fire­box of a sta­tion­ary bar­be­cue for the win­ter. To pre­vent the wind from blow­ing off the lid, you can secure it by plac­ing a weight on top.

If the bar­be­cue area is cov­ered from the weath­er with an awning, you should start prepar­ing for win­ter by study­ing the instruc­tions of the tem­po­rary roof man­u­fac­tur­er. Some of the mate­ri­als used for the man­u­fac­ture of tents do not require addi­tion­al mea­sures to pro­tect against snow. How­ev­er, man­u­fac­tur­ers often pro­vide for the pos­si­bil­i­ty of reduc­ing the impact of pre­cip­i­ta­tion on the awning. Some mod­els are equipped with a device that allows you to fold the awning or assem­ble it like a cur­tain. In oth­er cas­es, the awning can be detached from the frame, fold­ed and stored indoors.

Do I need to heat my barbecue oven regularly?

There is no such need, Felix Aliskerov. Bar­be­cue ovens are made of durable mate­ri­als such as steel, brick, con­crete, which do not change prop­er­ties under the influ­ence of tem­per­a­ture and do not require heat­ing. In most cas­es, the fur­nace fire­box only needs reg­u­lar clean­ing. For a mod­el equipped with a chim­ney, it may be nec­es­sary to clean the chim­ney once per sea­son.

How to place a barbecue area on a hilly or sloping site?

If you have a plot on a hill­side, — con­sid­ers Mari­na Vorotynt­se­va, is not a dis­ad­van­tage at all. Land­scape design­ers with great plea­sure equip just such places. Of course, the place for the recre­ation area itself needs to be lev­eled. Make a ter­race. If the slope is steep, you can try turn­ing the nat­ur­al slope into a back wall and seat­ing. It is impor­tant to make the path to this zone com­fort­able, wide enough and gen­tle. The main thing — do not make a bar­be­cue area at the top of the hill. This place is usu­al­ly blown by all the winds, and you will not feel com­fort­able there.

The opti­mal solu­tion for areas with dif­fi­cult ter­rain, advis­es Felix Aliskerov, — floor­ing on the foun­da­tion of screw piles. This type of pile was orig­i­nal­ly designed to com­pen­sate for ter­rain changes. Screw piles are long. Large diam­e­ter mod­els have the great­est length. By select­ing piles in diam­e­ter and length, you can com­pen­sate for a height dif­fer­ence of up to two meters.

Oth­er lev­el­ing meth­ods, such as the con­struc­tion of a strip foun­da­tion, can increase the cost of the project sev­er­al times over, as they require the pur­chase of a large amount of build­ing mate­ri­als and large-scale earth­works.