The built-in hood, like other household appliances of this plan, attracts consumers not only with a fashionable design, but also with ease of use. The device is designed to prevent the appearance of smoke and unpleasant odors in the kitchen.
The hood prevents traces of soot from appearing on the walls, ceiling, headset. There are several models of embedded devices. They may differ in installation method, power and type of construction.
Advantages of built-in hoods
The hood designed for embedding is mounted in a cabinet in the kitchen above the stove. The device looks stylish and neat, because only its working surface is visible. Some models are equipped with retractable panels that increase the functional area. What you need to know about built-in cleaners:
- Equipped with more than one engine. Most of the device is hidden from prying eyes, so several electric motors are mounted in it. The capacity of each of them is 400–500 m³/h.
- Space saving. The space in the cabinet above the appliance can be used to store kitchen utensils or groceries. This solution is perfect for kitchens with a small area.
- Fits into any interior style. The device is fully built into a cabinet that matches the overall design of the room.
- The presence of a retractable panel helps to increase efficiency and productivity.
- The technique is equipped with aluminum filters that retain fat.
The built-in hood also has some disadvantages. In large kitchens, the power of such models may not be enough. It is necessary to wash the filters from time to time, otherwise the device will simply cease to function.
Dimensions of kitchen hoods
The dimensions of the ventilation mechanism directly affect the area of the exhaust area. Therefore, when choosing a technique, you need to remember that the built-in hood must have a width equal to the parameters of the plate. If it is smaller than the dimensions of the hob, then the quality of air purification will decrease.
If the stove has not yet been purchased, then when choosing the size of the hood, you need to focus on the space between the hinged modules of the kitchen set in which it will be built.
Important to know: the depth of the extractor worktop must be equal to the depth of the stove or built-in hob.
The width of the built-in hood is 50 cm — the standard, so this cleaning technique is the most on the market. These dimensions allow you to almost completely hide the device in a wall cabinet. Some models can change the volume of the ventilated area.
The device of standard sizes can be optimally fit into any kitchen set. Almost all manufacturers of household appliances make hoods of this size. Therefore, you can easily choose the model of the desired brand, power and price.
Built-in hood 90 cm has much more performance and power. Such a device is suitable for a spacious kitchen with a wide stove. In this case, you will have to select kitchen furniture specifically for the hood, and not vice versa.
In small kitchens, it is impractical to install overall equipment.
The built-in hood 60 cm also belongs to devices of standard sizes. The home appliance market is replete with a variety of appliances of this width.
A definite plus — the device is easily mounted in any kitchen set.
Which hood to choose for the kitchen?
You can choose the right built-in hood by paying attention to its type, size, performance and the presence of filters. Sales consultants should be asked in what modes the device for ventilation can operate.
There are 2 modes: exhaust and filtration. In the first case, the mechanism sucks in air masses above the stove and takes them out of the apartment. Filtration mode involves cleaning the air with several filters and returning it back to the room.
It is generally accepted that the most effective is the exhaust mode. For devices operating in the filtration mode, it is necessary to additionally purchase cartridges (filters), which are periodically changed.
Filters are coarse or fine. The first option is designed to delay particles of fat. It is made in the form of a metal mesh, which is cleaned or changed as it gets dirty. Fine filters are carbon plates. They should be replaced depending on the frequency of operation of the hood.
When choosing an air filtration device, it is recommended to pay attention to the way it is controlled. Devices with a touch panel are activated by pressing a non-convex button with a finger.
Hoods are equipped with classic push-button control or switching on using sliders. Here you should choose based on the individual preferences of the owners.
How to install a built-in hood?
Installing a built-in hood involves a whole range of work. In addition to fixing on the wall, the unit must be properly connected to the mains. It is necessary to correctly mount the pipe that removes air. The air duct is connected to the ventilation duct so that natural ventilation in the room is preserved. Then you should install the built-in hood in the cabinet.
For installation you will need:
- construction knife;
- tape measure and pencil;
- building level;
- hacksaw for metal.
Installing a built-in hood involves the purchase of a corrugation that will vent air into the ventilation duct. In addition, you will need a grill for the ventilation shaft and a pair of clamps to fix the corrugations.
To connect the corrugation to the ventilation, it is necessary to make holes in the top wall of the cabinet. Depending on the shape of the duct, the holes are made round or rectangular. After that, the corrugation is cut off with a small margin. Then hang the cabinet itself with the hood. It is important not to forget to treat the duct joints with silicone sealant.
The hood in the cabinet is fixed with self-tapping screws, and the corrugation is fixed with a clamp. When installing ventilation, the number of pipe bends should be minimized in order to maintain high air draft. With each kink, the power of the air flow is lost by about 10%.
How to connect to electricity?
Power cords are not always equipped with a plug. In some models, they simply end with bare ends designed to be connected through a terminal block. To keep the wires from hanging out in plain sight, you should place them hidden.
Inside the body of the device, 10–15 cm above the working area, there is free space that can be used for these purposes. For ventilation systems, the wires built into the housing should be hidden behind the cabinet wall.
The hoods use low-power electric motors, so a standard copper conductive wire with a cross section of 1.5 mm is sufficient for a safe connection to the network. The wiring for sockets should be made with a section of 3x2.5 mm. In addition, the equipment requires grounding.
Installation of a built-in hood in a cabinet
How to install a built-in hood in a cabinet in stages:
- Under the device in the cabinet, make the necessary markings, marking the places for the holes for the corrugation, the frame and the control panel.
- Using a jigsaw or hacksaw, make the necessary holes. To make the correct cuts, you need to drill holes inside the marking area, and then insert a jigsaw file into them. In the same way, make holes in the inner shelves.
- Fix the hood in the cabinet with glue and self-tapping screws.
- Seal gaps with mounting foam.
The best built-in hoods are manufactured by CATA, Kronasteel Kamilla, ELIKOR, MAUNFELD, FALMEC and Korting. The products of these brands have a high quality and an optimal ratio of price and functionality.