A sink for the kitchen is a necessary item that is available in every kitchen. When choosing it, it is important to focus not only on the fact that it harmoniously fits into the design of the room, but also on how comfortable and durable it is.
The countertop sink is made of stainless steel. It is an all-metal or welded construction. Installing the overlay model does not take much time — it is simply installed on top of the countertop. In some designs, a countertop sink replaces the countertop or serves as its continuation.
The advantages of a surface sink are its low price and ease of installation. However, there are also significant drawbacks. First of all, this is a standard, ordinary design. If you want your kitchen to be equipped according to the latest design standards, then it is better to refuse such a model. In addition, you will need to work hard to securely seal the curb edge.
The difference between a mortise sink and an overhead sink is that it is mounted in a kitchen furniture or countertop that has already been fitted to it. Now more and more people are interested in mortise sinks. It may take more time to prepare and install this model, but the kind of kitchen in which you spend a lot of time will only benefit from this. Mortise sinks in the countertop can have different shapes and sizes. Their peculiarity lies in the fact that with their upper edge they are tightly pressed against the surface of the countertop.
The support rim of the inset sink is extremely thin, creating a sophisticated, cohesive kitchen design.
If you want to have a beautiful kitchen design, then a recessed sink is the best option.
Advantages and disadvantages
Mortise kitchen sinks have their undoubted advantages:
- thanks to its design, it prevents the penetration of water under the sink;
- you do not need a lot of money to seal the joints;
- mortise sinks for countertops are strong and durable;
- the possibility of placing even in the corner of the kitchen;
- due to their compactness, they can be mounted in various countertops;
- the mortise sink looks more impressive and harmoniously fits into any kitchen ensemble.
However, there are also disadvantages:
- higher cost (compared to overhead models);
- the need for individual selection of kitchen furniture for washing;
- complete dismantling of the countertop during plumbing work in the kitchen.
Shape and dimensions
In specialized stores a large selection of different models is presented. There are several rules that should be followed when choosing a shape and size:
- A small round model will look good with a small kitchen area and a small countertop. If there is a need to wash a large number of dishes, then choose a deep sink model.
- Round and oval models are suitable if the kitchen design uses smooth lines and beveled corners. If the whole interior is made in a more strict style, then it is better to choose a rectangular model.
- Double mortise models are good for spacious kitchens and rooms in which many people live.
- The shape should be in harmony with the shape of the plate and plumbing fixtures.
- The sizes of sinks for the kitchen are also selected taking into account the materials from which the cabinet and countertop are made. A deep or wide sink holds a large amount of water, so you should calculate whether the furniture can withstand such a load.
- To wash dishes in a deep sink, tall people have to bend over, so this should be taken into account when choosing a model.
- Round ones are more capacious, the saved space can be used to place detergents.
- The double model will be convenient for those who often defrost food. This model also makes it possible to soak heavily soiled dishes.
Types of materials
A countertop kitchen sink can be made from a variety of materials. The most commonly used materials in the production of kitchen sinks are stainless steel, artificial stone, ceramics and composite. When choosing, it should be remembered that the mortise sink must be made of a material that will be in harmony primarily with the flooring and countertop.
Mortise sinks made of stainless steel have an affordable price, they are resistant to mechanical damage. A stainless steel recessed sink will fit well into the interior if the appliances in the kitchen have a metallic tint. Such designs are easy to maintain and practical — the plaque formed on the surface can be easily removed with any abrasive detergent. Mortise sinks of this type have a long service life.
The disadvantages of this mortise model include:
- the need for grounding;
- the occurrence of high noise of the water jet when it hits the surface (especially if the mixer is too high);
- frequent appearance of limestone deposits and traces of dried water drops.
Artificial stone consists of a composite, which includes a filler and binding elements. A natural mineral can serve as a filler, and binder polymers (resins) are used for joining. The advantages of mortise sinks for countertops made of artificial stone include:
- thanks to a special protective coating and production technology, easy surface care is provided;
- low noise level when a jet of water hits the surface;
- beauty and naturalness, small dirt on the surface is almost invisible;
- a wide range of shapes and colors;
- resistance to high temperatures;
- hygiene and environmental safety;
- the view does not deteriorate during long-term operation;
- the possibility of grinding when scratches appear;
- fit perfectly into any interior.
Disadvantages of mortise sinks made of artificial stone:
- high cost of quality models;
- heavy weight, installation is best done with the help of a specialist;
- surface cleaning only with a rag / sponge and gentle detergents;
- the need for quick cleaning in case of contact with tea, coffee or other coloring substances.
Benefits of ceramic mortise sinks:
- environmental friendliness: no specific smell;
- resistance to temperature extremes and scratches;
- the possibility of using various chemicals for cleaning;
- the surface has a dirt-repellent property, so it is easy to clean;
- no noise when water gets in;
- color fastness;
- decorative look.
- heavy weight of the structure, installation will require several people;
- high price;
- the possibility of chipping the mortise shell as a result of being hit by a heavy object.
Mortise sinks made of composite materials have the following advantages:
- impact resistance, dents will not appear on the surface, even if a heavy object falls on the sink;
- resistance to high temperatures;
- wear resistance — the appearance does not deteriorate over time;
- no noise when water gets in;
- ease of maintenance.
Disadvantages of a mortise sink made of composite materials:
- high price;
- the possibility of damage by abrasive agents;
- deformation upon contact with hot dishes.
Inset sink installation
Installing a recessed sink does not take much time. For installation, you will need the following tools and materials:
- a pencil (it is not recommended to use a marker, because traces of it are difficult to remove from the surface of the countertop);
- electric jigsaw;
- special knife for mounting;
Prior to installation, you must have a faucet available. Remember an important rule: the distance between the sink and stove, and between the refrigerator and the sink must be at least 40 cm.
Having chosen a suitable place, apply all dimensions. For marking it is necessary to turn the sink upside down and level it. Outline the outline. Bedside tables or a cabinet for a flush sink must be installed in advance.
Be sure to measure the width of the side of the mortise sink and, in accordance with the value obtained, draw an internal contour along which the cut line will run.
To facilitate the cutting process, you need to make technological holes. Holes are made with a drill at the corners of the internal markings. It is necessary to correctly cut the required hole, for this you must adhere to the following rules:
- The maximum play should not be more than 3 mm.
- To prevent chipping, it is better to use a file with the reverse direction of the teeth.
- In order not to damage the front surface of the countertop, you should glue the places along the cut line with masking tape.
- To prevent the cut part from falling ahead of time (this can damage the cut line), insert self-tapping screws into the cut line every 10–15 cm.
After you remove the cut out part, the surface should be thoroughly cleaned of dust and sawdust. The saw cut is covered with a sealant (most often silicone is used for this purpose). This procedure will protect the material from water ingress and prevent deformation of the countertop. The mortise sink always comes with a foamed polyethylene sealant, it must be glued to the inner side of the sink so that it does not go beyond the edges. The protruding part of the seal is cut off with a mounting knife.
The attachment point must be degreased in advance with gasoline or acetone. Only after that you can proceed with the installation of the mortise sink. Mounts to the sink are included, with their help, fixation to the base is made. To prevent damage to the mortise sink, experts recommend using a screwdriver, not a screwdriver, during installation.
Fasteners under the countertop are tightened alternately crosswise. After all fasteners are tightened, check to see if the clamp sealant is protruding. If the sealant comes out, it must be removed immediately with a soft cloth or sponge. You can use the mortise sink only after the sealant has completely dried.