Installing an apron in the kitchen is an indispensable part of a major overhaul in the cooking room. There is nothing complicated in this matter, the main thing is to have the simplest skills in construction and repair.
What should be the apron
An apron, as an interior element, not only decorates the space between kitchen cabinets. It is designed to protect walls from liquid, grease, dirt and soot. In order for the coating to fulfill its function, it should be made practical, easy to clean, resistant to high temperatures and the effects of chemical detergents.
Wall cladding near the work surface should have a pleasing appearance. Nowadays, aprons are made from ceramic tiles, mosaics or glass. For those who want to make repairs for centuries, facing made of natural stone, metal or brick is suitable.
How to calculate the width and height of a kitchen apron
Before you install an apron in the kitchen, you need to decide on its dimensions. The height of the protective coating depends on the following factors:
- size and type of plate;
- height of the kitchen set;
- hood type;
- the growth of a person who most often uses a stove and a headset.
The apron should go under the countertop. The standard height of kitchen cabinets is 85 cm, i.e. the maximum distance from the floor to the beginning of the protective wall cladding should be a maximum of 84 cm.
Installation of an apron in the kitchen should not be started without calculating its width. The width of the cladding can vary greatly and depend on several nuances: the growth of the hostess, the height of the ceiling, the size of household appliances and furniture.
It should be taken into account that if the doors of the hanging cabinets open up with the help of closers, it is better to make the apron small, 45–60 cm wide.
If a washing machine is built into the countertop, the height of the floor drawers will be at least 90 cm. The distance from the lower pieces of furniture to the upper ones will reach approximately 45 cm. This means that the height from the floor to the hanging pedestals will be 1.35 m. Let’s add 2 cm, which go behind the table. The width of the cladding will be 47 cm, and the height of the location will be 88 cm from the floor covering.
If the kitchen cabinets are of standard size and their height is 85 cm, then the protective wall covering will be 5 cm lower.
Having decided on the dimensions, it is necessary to understand how to properly install and what material to use. The choice of the necessary fasteners depends on the type of apron itself. So, it is better to fix the MDF protective coating on the wall with a special glue, and PVC panels are installed on wooden slats.
On wooden slats
Aprons made of PVC or MDF are conveniently attached to the wall using wooden slats. With the help of a strip, the panel can be installed even on an uneven wall surface.
The wooden slats themselves are the frame. They are installed at a distance of 40 cm from each other. Planks must be in the same plane. The wooden frame is attached to the wall with self-tapping screws.
To kitchen cabinet
This is the simplest type of attachment for a kitchen apron. One plinth is mounted between the floor cabinets and the cladding, and the other between the wall cabinets and the backsplash. It is important that the size of the protective coating is less than the distance between the countertop and the top row of cabinets.
For liquid nails
To glue a kitchen apron on liquid nails, you will need the following materials:
- liquid glue;
- decorative plinth, which is placed between the countertop and the wall.
This method of installation requires a little financial outlay. The installation process itself is clean. Before you glue the apron on liquid nails, you don’t even need to take the furniture out of the kitchen.
The adhesive composition is applied over the entire area of the reverse side of the MDF panel. The canvas must be fixed on a flat wall. If a special rail is not used during installation, the panel will have to be held by hand until the adhesive hardens.
We install the apron ourselves
Although the process of installing a kitchen backsplash is quite simple, there are a few problems that a novice worker may encounter. First of all, it is necessary to determine the placement of the facing coating and the method of its fastening. Everything else depends on the variety of the kitchen apron itself.
Working with sheet plastic
When installing a plastic apron, it is necessary to decide in which direction the panels will be located. If the plastic sheet is of sufficient width, it is better to place it horizontally so that there are fewer seams on the apron. Narrow panels should be cut into pieces and mounted vertically.
The plastic cladding is attached to the wall with liquid nails. For greater reliability, self-tapping screws are screwed into the edges of the apron. Sharp cuts of plastic are covered with decorative plinths or starting strips. The joints should be masked with planks of a suitable color.
Use of chipboard
Chipboard (chipboard) is a material that is often used for cladding the walls of the kitchen working area. The chipboard apron is mounted only on a flat surface with glue. Before installation, the slab is cut into pieces of the desired size. Large and heavy sheets of chipboard should be additionally fixed with self-tapping screws with decorative caps.
Application of ceramic tiles and mosaics
When facing walls in the kitchen with ceramic tiles or mosaics, you must first prepare a special adhesive solution. The mixture is applied to the wall with a narrow spatula and evenly distributed over its surface. The tile is installed with a little pressure.
The tile is laid evenly and neatly in horizontal rows from the bottom up. When attaching each row, the horizontal is checked using a level. Mosaics should not be stacked individually, but in matrices. Each one forms a 30x30 cm slab containing several dozen elements. The rest of the laying is similar to the tile.
Glass requires care
Glass aprons are mounted to the wall using supporting clamps or glue. Supporting fasteners prevent the glass from fitting snugly against the countertop and cabinets. There is a gap between the wall and the glass panel. The advantage of such a mount is that it does not need to drill holes in the glass that violate the strength of the structure.
The maximum load per pair of fasteners must not exceed 10 kg. 1 m² of glass 1 mm thick weighs 2.5 kg.
Glue mounting is possible only if the glass apron is made of triplex. Since the adhesive is a reactive substance, it will most likely corrode any plain glass over time. Adhesive-sealant for mirrors is used to fasten glass panels from artistic triplex.
Apron made of stone originality and practicality
An apron made of monolithic artificial stone is pre-cut to the required dimensions. Its installation should include fastening not only with an adhesive solution, but also with anchor joints. To screw them in, it is necessary to make holes in the wall with a depth of about 10 cm. This will allow you to securely fix the massive structure.
Using an uneven spatula, an adhesive solution is applied to the back surface of the plate. By gently tapping the mallet, the apron is pressed against the wall. After that, proceed to anchor fixation.
The anchors take their place and are neatly twisted. Do not overtighten the fasteners, as this may damage the structure of the stone slab. After tightening the anchors, the holes in the slab can be closed using special overlays.