The rule for assembling and installing a kitchen set is timeliness. It is necessary to start assembling the kitchen only when all the work on finishing surfaces, wall cladding with wallpaper is completed, the process of installing electrical wires and pipes for water supply and drainage is completed, and the design is not in danger of major changes and reconstruction.
The nuances of assembling a kitchen set
It sometimes takes a lot of time to assemble a kitchen set with your own hands. The process is influenced by such a factor as the conscientiousness of the manufacturer. Sometimes the assembly instructions contain general theses and do not take into account that the general rules may not be suitable for the installation of different parts.
Incorrect location of factory holes is another problem related to how to assemble a kitchen set. Assembly is complicated by the fact that not always each cabinet is packed separately. Some manufacturers wrap each board in a package. There are times when some of the parts from the upper cabinets of the kitchen set end up in the box containing the lower cabinets. For these reasons, the question arises whether the owner of an apartment without experience will be able to assemble furniture on his own, because it is difficult to assemble it himself.
If the person who purchased the furniture doubts his abilities, then you can order a turnkey kitchen assembly. Even if the furniture body is ready, difficulties may arise when attaching cabinets to an uneven wall or when installing a kitchen set in a room with crooked corners.
Some apartment owners tend to assemble a kitchen set with their own hands. Assembly requires a minimum set of tools, including a standard construction kit (hammer, tape measure, nail puller) and electrical appliances.
A perforator is necessary in order to drill a concrete wall, among others it is the most powerful.
A hacksaw will be needed to cut the countertop, to further install the hob or sink. With a screwdriver, you can quickly screw a large number of fasteners into the facade, so the assembly process will speed up. The next tool is a hexagon, it is better to purchase a whole set with flat and cross surfaces. For assembly, you may need screwdrivers of different diameters.
The process of assembling individual elements of the kitchen
To assemble the kitchen with your own hands, you need to study the instructions that come with the furniture set. There is a step by step assembly diagram. Each model of kitchen furniture is assembled differently, but there are general principles.
First you need to prepare holes for fasteners in the side boards, fasten the fasteners for the doors of the headset. If the cabinets have sliding shelves, then at the next stage of assembly, you need to fix the rails for these structures.
Then the chopsticks are inserted into the holes, for greater reliability, the parts are fixed with glue. After mounting each drawer, they turn to the assembly diagram of the kitchen set in order to compare the result with the image in the picture.
After checking the correct assembly of the parts, you need to return to working with furniture screws again in order to tighten the connections with high quality. Decorative plugs are placed on the screws that are located on the outside of the case (they come in a separate package).
If the model is equipped with legs, then the next step in the assembly will be their installation. A sheet of material (MDF, chipboard) is attached to the back of the cabinet, which will be turned in the wall.
Hanging cabinets should have hinges or hooks (there are different types of such fasteners on the market). In the future, with the help of these parts, the boxes will be fixed to the wall. In any case, the assembly of furniture should take place in accordance with the step-by-step instructions, because not everyone knows how to assemble a kitchen with their own hands. However, the entire process is described in the attached document.
The upper modules are assembled on the floor, then they are mounted on the wall with their own hands. The process is similar, the upper and lower parts are attached to the side walls. After installing the shelves, start marking the holes in the wall.
The installation of cabinets of the upper section should not be interfered with by gas pipes, electrical wiring, an exhaust tunnel. Hanging boxes should be at the same level. When the modules have taken their place on the wall, they screw the screws into the facade to fix the doors on the hinges.
Bottom kitchen cabinets
First of all, the frame is assembled, it consists of 4 boards. Connect the side walls to the top, and then to the bottom. For this, self-tapping screws are used, and they are not completely screwed in so that the frame is flexible.
The evenness of the floor cabinets is checked with a building level, the degrees of the corners of the created figure are checked. After that, the screws are screwed in until they stop.
In addition to creating a frame, the process of assembling kitchen furniture involves fixing shelves. Their number depends on the needs of the owner of the apartment. When the shelves are installed, you can hang the doors.
The headset may include a tall cabinet. Its assembly takes longer. The wardrobe consists of a massive base and a glass top. The first part is fastened with self-tapping screws, the side walls are fixed to the top and bottom boards. The process is similar to the assembly of cabinets, which were screwed at the very beginning to a vertical surface or installed on the floor.
When the installation of the frame of the lower part is completed, proceed to the assembly of the base of the upper part. Finished frames can be combined by placing one on top of the other, if it is comfortable to work at such a height. If necessary, this can be done after installing the shelves. A case with shelves and doors is heavier, so it will be more difficult to lift the top.
Manufacturers produce different lockers, the cabinet at the bottom may have drawers or shelves. Use the accessories that come with the kit: furniture corners or an eccentric coupler. Some shelves are fixed by getting euro screws (self-tapping screws) into round recesses. The glass shelves and doors on the top of the cabinet have holes for mounting, so it’s easy to install the parts.
Cabinet with drawers
After assembling the base of the kitchen cabinet, the question may arise of how to properly install the rails for retractable structures yourself. It is necessary to mark where they will be fixed.
The rails must be symmetrical, each part of the pair is installed at the same height from the floor so that there are no distortions.
A minifix is attached — a special metal roller, thanks to which the box moves along the rails. It remains to check how the assembled part performs the function.
What to do first — the collection of kitchen cabinets with drawers or the drawers themselves, does not matter.
The frame of the box is formed from 4 walls, the bottom is chipboard, MDF or other material. Glue is poured into the hole, then a dowel is inserted to fix the joint. The bottom surface is attached with nails. The process of assembling the part is completed by installing the guides for the boxes.
Corner cabinet features
The assembly of a corner cabinet has a number of nuances. Do not rush to fix the case with furniture ties, since it is better to first determine the degree of deviation of the angle, which was formed as a result of the construction of the house.
The body of the cabinet should be adjacent to two walls and follow the outline of the angle between them, while the side cabinet should be even.
The lower corner module is equipped with a sink, and the upper one is designed for drying dishes. The floor cabinet is created without a back wall to provide access to plumbing communications. The peculiarity of the assembly of the upper corner cabinet is that it does not contain a lower part so that water flows into the sink.
The next step is to fix the boxes in the planned place. First of all, the upper cabinets are fixed for the convenience of the installation process. When the box is attached to the wall, you can hang the doors. If you do it earlier, they will interfere.
After the upper components of the headset are attached, a corner cabinet with a sink is assembled. In this design, it is necessary to prepare holes for water supply in advance (if there is a back wall) and install a drain grate.
In the process of assembling and installing kitchens, they move on to the next stage. Floor cabinets are being installed. Carefully align all cabinets in height and, if necessary, put a thin chip under the legs. The result is checked by the building level.
The sides of the headset elements must be leaned against the adjacent walls of the cabinet (close), tightly pulled together with self-tapping screws (it is better to use medium-sized elements: too small ones will not create a reliable fastening, and too large ones will violate the integrity of the attachment point) or special tie-bolts.
It is necessary to coat the recess between the table and the kitchen apron with silicone sealant and install the baseboard. It is required to hide the wiring and eliminate the gap between the wall and the bedside tables.
Do-it-yourself furniture assembly for the kitchen is almost completed; at the last stage, built-in household appliances are mounted. We make calculations, after which we make markings and cut out holes.