Kitchen renovation is a responsible event, and the height of kitchen cabinets is a question that all future owners ask. The problem is that not everyone understands how to correctly determine what height of the headset will be optimal. This article discusses height standards and types of kitchen cabinets, as well as tips on how not to make a mistake when choosing a headset height.
Arrangement of a workplace in the kitchen
The kitchen is a place where, in addition to design, the practicality of everything that is in the workspace area is also important. Therefore, it is important to choose the right kitchen set that is suitable for use by all family members or the person who spends more time in the kitchen than everyone else. To make it easier for customers to choose, designers and constructors calculated the height standard for kitchen furniture.
For kitchen cabinets, the standards depend on their purpose and the size of the room, taking into account the growth of the owners. The permissible height limits for the upper cabinets, which are also referred to as wall cabinets, range from 40 cm to 71 cm.
When choosing a hanging set, you should consider whether a person will reach the upper shelves while standing on the floor, or will he have to use a stepladder.
To make it easier to determine the height of the future headset, you should make the necessary measurements: ceiling height, wall width, distance from the window, distance to the door. If the equipment has already been purchased, it also needs to be measured. This will help in choosing furniture and planning the workspace, especially if the room has a non-standard arrangement of walls, communications, a large or small area, and other features.
The height of the lower cabinets of the kitchen depends on the same parameters, and its standard value does not exceed the limit of 90 cm. However, if the layout of the kitchen differs in non-standard dimensions of the room, it is worth resorting to the services of manufacturing kitchen furniture to order.
Height of different types of kitchen cabinets
The height of the kitchen set depends on the purpose of each cabinet. There are 3 types of kitchen cabinets:
- pencil case.
To determine the size of each of them, you should think in advance about how this cabinet will be used, what will be stored in it, and determine its location.
Among the floor cabinets in the kitchen, the pencil case occupies a special position. This is a roomy piece of furniture in the form of a column, occupying the entire area from floor to ceiling. It can be used for various purposes such as:
- storage of non-perishable products;
- storage for household items;
- open niche for household appliances (microwave or oven) and decor items;
- a closed niche for a built-in dishwasher or washing machine (in this case, the height of the lower kitchen cabinets in the pencil case must correspond to the parameters of the equipment);
- place for a refrigerator;
- hiding from the eyes of extraneous unsightly elements of the kitchen (meters, pipes, valves, etc.).
In order to preserve the design concept and correctly fit the pencil case into the interior, the overall size of this cabinet should correspond to the height of the headset. However, there is also a reverse trend, due to which the size of the kitchen visually increases due to the discrepancy between the height of the cabinet model and the position of the hinged ones.
Floor standing with countertop
Outdoor furniture is an essential attribute of the kitchen, because. performs the role of not only storage for tools, dishes and other utensils. The standard height from the floor, including the legs, should not exceed 1 m, since the upper side is most often used as a work surface.
Height for outdoor furniture is calculated based on measurements of human height. The recommended height for people with a height of 150–160 cm is 70 cm, i.e. just below the waist. For people with a height of 170–180 cm, a limit of 85 cm or 90 cm is suitable. If a person’s height is above 180 cm or below 150 cm, then in this case, furniture should be ordered according to individual measurements, because the standard height will be inconvenient to use.
The height of the upper cabinets depends on many factors, the main of which is compliance with human growth (anthropometry). The standard height of the wall set is from 60 cm to 90 cm. Ease of use is determined by the reach of the two lower shelves, standing on the floor. If a person has difficulty reaching the bottom shelf, then the position is not optimal. This problem can be solved in two ways:
- Change the distance between the upper cabinet and the lower one, i.e. move it a little lower.
- Change the height of the hinged headset by lowering the bottom.
In both cases, it should be borne in mind that between the upper and lower sets, the minimum distance must be observed, which is necessary for convenient operation of the furniture and meets safety requirements. The distance from the countertop to the hanging set should be between 48 cm and 60 cm. This space is necessary not only for the comfortable use of the countertop. The distance helps to protect the wall cabinets from excessive moisture, as well as from the heat of the hob, because. it may be flammable.
To prevent the space from looking empty, the distance between the lower and upper cabinets is decorated with tiles or an “apron”.
How does the depth of the cabinet affect the height
The ratio of the depth of the cabinet to its height should be determined towards the first, if it is floor-standing, and towards the second, if it is hinged. Outdoor furniture combines the functions of storage and work surface. It should be as roomy as possible, so the depth of such cabinets is from 60 cm to 70 cm.
The height of floor cabinets is determined not only by the height of a person, but also by the equipment that will be used in the kitchen. When planning a workspace, it should be remembered that the dimensions of the furniture must correspond to the dimensions of the equipment used.
A bulging or recessed area can be an unfortunate design decision, and the workspace will be disorganized.
The depth of wall cabinets depends entirely on the height of the person and the depth of the floor furniture. If the wall set is deeper than the floor set, then it will become impossible to use it. Upper cabinets are not recommended to be made even flush with the lower ones, their depth is not more than 50 cm (because they can fall off the wall) and not less than 30 cm (in this case they risk becoming unsuitable).