Considering the question of how to choose a kitchen, you will have to decide a few additional ones: in what style, color and what materials it will be made of, what fittings will be on it, filling options are best for cabinets. After all, you need to get comfortable, practical, functional and beautiful furniture.
Determining for yourself which kitchen is better to choose, first of all, you should decide in what style the whole room will be decorated. The style of the kitchen largely affects the choice of colors, textures, materials.
By analyzing the various trends in kitchen design and fashion trends, you can choose the one that best suits your personal tastes.
The classic style of the kitchen interior can be quite concise or artsy. The design may be dominated by signs of antique, Venetian, English and other trends. The main principles are symmetry, regular shapes and quality of materials.
The color scheme tends to pure shades of white, pastel, black, brown. Bright, but natural tones are acceptable: blue, yellow, carmine, burgundy, terracotta, emerald, gold.
The set is chosen from natural hardwood: oak, beech, maple, acacia, birch. Modern kitchen furniture in a classic style can be made of MDF, lined with natural veneer or painted with a patina effect. Outside, a headset, both in classic and other styles, may seem bulky and non-functional, but at the same time it has a rich and comfortable interior content. The facades are laconic or decorated with carvings, milling, glass inserts, rattan.
The tabletop is wide, made of natural wood, glass or stone. Handles — visible, curly. You can choose with the effect of antiquity.
When wondering how to choose modern kitchen furniture, they pay attention to the following features: interesting geometric shapes, smoothed corners and smooth curves, asymmetry, glossy surfaces, bold color combinations, functionality, modern household appliances, a minimum of decor. In an L‑shaped headset, the corner is necessarily rounded; round boxes can be used.
The design is characterized by contrasting combinations of natural wood, plastic, glass and metal. Furniture should be not overloaded with details and functional. It is made from both natural wood and laminated materials. Glass inserts without decor are acceptable. Handles can have an interesting shape or be hidden.
Background colors: soft, smoky shades of blue, brown. Natural tones of red, blue, green are used as accents. The set can be monochrome, including white, or designed in two contrasting colors.
If the question of which kitchen set to choose has not yet been resolved, you should pay attention to high-tech furniture. Its main features are: minimalism, straight and laconic lines, clear geometric shapes, functionality, ergonomics. This is great furniture for a small kitchen.
Leading colors: white, gray, beige, blue, black, metallic, rich red, blue, green, yellow, orange, purple. Monochrome or contrasting combinations are characteristic.
Mandatory elements of the kitchen: glass, plastic, metal, modern built-in appliances, glossy solid facades without decor, push mechanisms and closers, roof rails. Materials for the manufacture of furniture are high-tech, with increased strength. The fittings are concise, often chrome-plated, matte or shiny. Handles may be completely absent. The workplace is decorated with tempered glass, stainless steel or laminated MDF.
What color to choose
When deciding which color to choose for the kitchen, it is worth studying the main principles of color combinations. The kitchen set is part of the interior, so its palette and brightness affect the impression of the geometry of the room and its illumination. The choice of color largely depends on the size of the room and the intensity of natural light.
Light shades visually expand the room, dark ones reduce it. For a small kitchen, choose soft colors. Deep dark colors will add coziness to a spacious room.
In one headset, you should not use more than 2 shades. In this case, the color of the upper modules should be lighter. If there are more shades, only one should be dominant.
The cold color of the kitchen set is suitable for a warm, sunny room. Natural shades of blue, lavender, blue and green will add a feeling of relaxation, calmness, comfort and freshness to the atmosphere of the kitchen. Cold pastel gamma compensates for the excess of household appliances.
Saturated dark cold tones go well with white, gray, light pastel, natural wood color. They work well as contrasts. So, green goes well with purple, red, and blue with yellow, orange.
If the location of the kitchen is the north side, then it is better to choose a set in warm or hot colors. But, since these colors are too exciting for the psyche, you should use simple rules on how to choose the color of the kitchen in warm colors.
Such tones go well with the brown color of wood, with warm shades of white, with beige. An excellent choice for a small dark room is a palette of yellow. It goes well with white, black, gray and many other colors. It is important to choose the right shades for the combination.
A monochrome kitchen in red or orange is a risky move that isn’t for everyone. The way out is muted colors, heavily diluted with calmer shades. Another option is to place the bright facades of the kitchen set in its lower part, and install lighter and calmer surfaces at eye level.
Neutral colors are a versatile option. They are an excellent backdrop for bright accents, suitable for rooms of any degree of illumination.
A neutral-colored set for a small kitchen is suitable regardless of the degree of lighting, as well as for a large one. Neutrals include beige, milky, smoky gray, sandy brown, taupe, antique and snow white. These subtle, soft versatile shades pair well with both warm and cool color palettes.
Dark universal neutral colors — chocolate, black and graphite.
When deciding how to choose a kitchen set, the main task is still to determine the material from which it will be made.
Despite the fact that the frame is hidden from view, it is the basis of furniture and the key to its durability. Most often, manufacturers produce kitchens with a frame made of wear-resistant material: laminated chipboard or MDF, multiplex.
Facades can be made of the following materials:
|Such facades can be divided into 2 types: from solid wood or a wooden frame with an MDF insert. Solid wood is an expensive material. It is environmentally friendly, durable, amenable to restoration, but fastidious in care, limited in colors.
|MDF boards painted with enamel.
|Advantages — easy care, resistance to moisture, can be given any shape during processing, a large selection of colors, including mother-of-pearl and metallic. The question of which kitchen to choose — glossy or matte, in this case is not worth it. You can choose any, but glossy will have to be constantly polished, erasing fingerprints. The material may fade under the influence of UV rays.
|MDF laminated with PVC film.
|Wear-resistant and durable material, but fades over time. The film may peel off. White PVC on the back turns yellow.
|Plastic or MDF (chipboard) panels laminated with HPL (High Pressure Laminates).
|Durable, wear‑, moisture- and heat-resistant material. Easy to care for, withstands chemical and mechanical stress, does not fade. It can have any color and texture: glossy, matte, “shagreen”. MDF is stronger and more durable than chipboard. To make a quality kitchen from it will not be a problem. But without fail, the methods of processing the ends must be taken into account. It can be postforming, edging with an aluminum profile or an acrylic edge. Frame facades are afraid of moisture.
|This is the name of aluminum frames into which glass, mirrors, plastic, rattan, MDF are inserted. The disadvantages of such facades are due to the material that is inserted into them. Aluminum itself can only darken slightly over time.
First of all, you need to choose a kitchen worktop according to the quality of the material. It is necessary to take into account the color and combination with the style of the room.
The main requirements for the material:
- Strength, wear resistance and resistance to damage.
- Density, due to which the material will not absorb moisture, odors and pollution. The coating cannot be a substrate for microorganisms and mold.
- Thermal resistance. The surface of the countertop should not deteriorate under the influence of hot dishes and a gas stove.
- Chemical resistance.
- Ease of maintenance.
Fully meet these requirements: plastic, stainless steel, tempered glass, ceramics, quartz agglomerate. At the same time, on a countertop covered with ceramic or glass tiles, you will have to regularly change the silicone grout. In tempered glass, holes can only be made before processing; plastic is scratched over time. Stainless steel cannot be used for a corner kitchen due to an ugly weld.
Countertops made of natural wood do not tolerate contact with hot dishes, burn out in the sun. Natural stone has porosity, which facilitates the penetration of dirt and moisture. It must be constantly treated with special sealants. Acrylic stone is afraid of high temperatures.
Accessories play not only a decorative, but also a functional role. When choosing it, you should pay attention to innovative technologies.
Kitchen handles are of the following types:
- staples (rails), arcuate or rectangular;
- buttons (buttons, rings, shells, etc.);
- built into the door or located on the side.
Pens are made from plastic, metals, wood, stone, glass, or a combination of different materials. The shape and decor depends on the style of the interior.
The choice of door hinges depends on the method of applying the door to the end and the opening plane. The most modern are spring hinges (open the doors up or down), gas lift (open when you press the facade) and self-closing. Loops can have a surface of different textures and colors.
Sliding mechanisms for drawers can be roller or ball. More modern systems are metaboxes and tandemboxes. The selected system should silently, easily and smoothly open the box, withstand it in a loaded form.
Lifting mechanisms are used in wall cabinets. They are divided into swing and working from pressing the facade.
Additionally, you can purchase end shelves, a railing system, a drying rack for dishes and other fittings.
Built-in appliances save 20% of the usable area. Many people ask themselves the question of how to choose the right kitchen for the parameters of built-in appliances. This is fundamentally wrong. Before ordering furniture, it is worth considering what and where you will build in, but you need to select equipment for your furniture, and not vice versa.
It is not necessary to buy appliances that are identical in style or color to the kitchen set. You can try eclecticism: combine wood with high technology, gloss with a matte surface, minimalism with retro.
First of all, when choosing a kitchen, you need to pay attention to the material of the headset and countertops and its quality.
If the kitchen will be made to order, measurements and calculation can be entrusted to specialists. The master will take measurements, draw a plan taking into account the wishes about the size and content of the modules, and name the estimated cost of the finished furniture. If you plan to buy a ready-made headset, you will have to do it all yourself.
It would be a mistake to trust the craftsmen and not check the fittings when buying and installing. You will have to inspect all the handles, guides and mechanisms, cuts and ends.
The best kitchen manufacturers
Leading European brands:
- Poggenpohl. The company has been producing conceptual kitchen furniture for almost 100 years. This manufacturer was the first to release sectional sets, island elements, solid wood kitchens.
- Siematic. The manufacturer was the first to release a modular kitchen, facades with hidden handles. Their furniture is characterized by functionality and innovation. The business card is built-in details and hidden features.
- Hacker. The brand offers headsets of almost all styles, high quality and at affordable prices.
When choosing good kitchen furniture for the kitchen, you should go to company stores, study the range and pricing policy.
It would be useful to read reviews about manufacturers in publications.