7 min 1.3k.

To install the hood in the kitchen in a pri­vate house on your own, you do not need to have spe­cial knowl­edge or skills, but you should be care­ful and care­ful­ly fol­low the instruc­tions. The device pro­tects the room from unpleas­ant odors, removes pol­lut­ed air, cleans it from dust par­ti­cles and food, and elim­i­nates harm­ful sub­stances that are formed dur­ing the com­bus­tion of gas.How to install a hood in the kitchen in a private house

Requirements for the hood in the kitchen in a private house

When choos­ing a hood for the kitchen, you need to pay atten­tion to the air pres­sure indi­ca­tor that the blow­er cre­ates. The high­er it is, the greater the per­for­mance of the prod­uct. A good hood has sev­er­al fans that blow air at dif­fer­ent speeds.

The per­for­mance of the hood is deter­mined by the amount of air that the device can remove from the room. Some devices are capa­ble of out­putting 180–700 m³ / h. It should be borne in mind that the high­er the per­for­mance, the more the fan will make noise.

To deter­mine what exhaust pow­er is need­ed for the kitchen, you should deter­mine the vol­ume of the room and mul­ti­ply it by 10. Accord­ing to san­i­tary stan­dards, a com­plete replace­ment of the air in the room should be done 10–12 times per hour, so the vol­ume of the room is mul­ti­plied by 12 (air exchange rate). The result is mul­ti­plied by 1.3 (reserve fac­tor). It is nec­es­sary to con­sid­er how the cal­cu­la­tion is made using the exam­ple of a kitchen with an area of ​​​​6 m² and a height of 2.5 m: ((6 * 2.5) * 12) * 1.3 = 234 m³ / h. For effec­tive ven­ti­la­tion of the room, an extrac­tor hood with a capac­i­ty of 230–240 m³ / h is need­ed.

The dimen­sions of the device must cor­re­spond to the dimen­sions of the gas stove or exceed them by 10–20 cm. Fail­ure to com­ply with these con­di­tions will cause fumes and com­bus­tion prod­ucts to rise past the hood and the hang­ing fur­ni­ture will begin to dete­ri­o­rate. Machined alu­minum has proved to be the best mate­r­i­al.

You can also make a hood in a pri­vate house with your own hands. With­out fans, the device must be con­nect­ed to a ver­ti­cal nat­ur­al ven­ti­la­tion duct. How­ev­er, this method does not remove all odors in the room.

Need ventilation in a wooden house

In a wood­en house, which is being built using the lat­est tech­nolo­gies, a ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem must be installed. This is due to the high tight­ness of the build­ing. The removal of dirty air through win­dows and vents is not a suf­fi­cient con­di­tion.

The nat­ur­al ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem is attrac­tive because of its low cost, but it is not able to quick­ly remove odors from the kitchen or humid air from the bath­room. For effec­tive air exchange in the kitchen in a wood­en house, you need to install a spe­cial device of appro­pri­ate pow­er.

The sup­ply and exhaust ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem is only enough to ensure the flow of fresh air into the house and elim­i­nate excess car­bon diox­ide and unpleas­ant odors. For high-qual­i­ty air purifi­ca­tion in the kitchen, this, like a nat­ur­al sys­tem, is not enough.

You can use a high-qual­i­ty nat­ur­al-type kitchen ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem, pro­vid­ed that it was orig­i­nal­ly laid down dur­ing the design of the house and car­ried out by spe­cial­ists.

What hood to install in the kitchen of a private house

Before you learn how to install the hood, you need to deter­mine what types of devices are and what fil­ter sys­tem they are equipped with. In order for the cas­settes not only to elim­i­nate an unpleas­ant odor, but also to col­lect oily par­ti­cles, a syn­thet­ic win­ter­iz­er or inter­lin­ing should be pro­vid­ed in their design. Fil­ters of this type are dis­pos­able. Reusable cas­settes are made of alu­minum or steel, and spe­cial grease sol­vents are used to clean them.

There are also car­bon fil­ters that not only trap soot and fats, but also neu­tral­ize unpleas­ant odors. The dis­ad­van­tage of such prod­ucts is that they are dis­pos­able. Accord­ing to the design fea­tures of the hood, there are the fol­low­ing types:

  • sus­pend­ed;
  • domed;
  • built-in;
  • island;
  • retractable.


Hoods of this type attract buy­ers with their small size and sim­plic­i­ty of design. Since they do not have a chim­ney, they can be attached to the bot­tom of a wall cab­i­net. If the size of the device is not enough to close the stove, you should pay atten­tion to retractable mod­els. Such prod­ucts are suit­able for rooms with a small area.

Flat hoods work on the prin­ci­ple of air recir­cu­la­tion. They absorb it with fans, clean it, and then return it to the room. As a rule, such prod­ucts are equipped with car­bon fil­ters.


This type of hood also belongs to the recir­cu­la­tion type. Since the device can be installed inside a wall cab­i­net, it is unre­mark­able and har­mo­nious­ly fits into the inte­ri­or. The body is cube-shaped with a retractable pan­el for more air trap­ping. First, the hood is installed in the wall, and then the cab­i­net is hung.


A device of this type is dis­tin­guished by a large vol­u­met­ric shape resem­bling a hemi­sphere or trape­zoid. The design allows you to install pow­er­ful fans and sev­er­al fil­ters. There­fore, experts believe that hoods of this type are the most effec­tive. Clean­ing can be recir­cu­lat­ed or through con­nec­tion to a ven­ti­la­tion shaft. Such prod­ucts are installed in rooms where there is no access to fresh air.

Installing a hood in the kitchen

Not every­one knows how to prop­er­ly make an air purifi­ca­tion sys­tem in the kitchen. To do this, you need the nec­es­sary set of tools:

  • jig­saw;
  • drill or screw­driv­er;
  • a ham­mer;
  • screw­driv­er;
  • self-tap­ping screws;
  • tape mea­sure and ruler;
  • cor­ru­gat­ed pipe;
  • pen­cil and lev­el.

Since the most com­mon is the instal­la­tion of a hood in the kitchen in a cab­i­net above the hob, this option will be con­sid­ered.

Preparing for installation

To install the hood in the kitchen with your own hands, you should pre­pare the sur­face and per­form pre­lim­i­nary cal­cu­la­tions. First you need to deter­mine the dis­tance from the hood to the ven­ti­la­tion duct and cut off the cor­ru­gat­ed pipe. It is impor­tant to take into account the fact that the pipe is stretched, so you can make it a lit­tle short­er in length.

Since the cab­i­net must have an air duct with a cross sec­tion of 130 mm or more, a cor­re­spond­ing hole is cut out in the upper wall. It can be round or rec­tan­gu­lar, depend­ing on the cross sec­tion of the duct.

Chassis Installation

The case is fixed with self-tap­ping screws to the bot­tom pan­el of the cab­i­net. Some­times it is hid­den inside, hav­ing pre­vi­ous­ly cut a groove of the appro­pri­ate size.

Exhaust fan connection

Since the pow­er con­sump­tion of house­hold hoods does not exceed 1 kW, they can be con­nect­ed to sim­ple sock­ets. Also, the con­nec­tion of the hood in the kitchen can be made to the exist­ing wiring. The cross sec­tion of the wire must be 2.5 mm, the con­duc­tor is strand­ed cop­per with a non-com­bustible braid.

Connecting the hood in the kitchen to the ventilation

The pipe is best brought to the ven­ti­la­tion along the top of the cab­i­nets. It is advis­able not to bend it at a right angle, as this pre­vents the free move­ment of air. Some­times a back draft can be cre­at­ed in the ven­ti­la­tion shaft. A non-return valve is installed when con­nect­ing the hood and pro­tects the room from the pen­e­tra­tion of unpleas­ant odors from the out­side. In a pri­vate house, the air duct can go through the wall to the street or into a spe­cial hole. A vent can also serve as a ven­ti­la­tion open­ing.

The air duct is insert­ed into the ven­ti­la­tion shaft and secured with a spe­cial over­lay. It is desir­able to fix the junc­tion of the pipe with the exhaust chan­nel with a clamp, but you can not do this if the pow­er of the device is small.

When you need exhaust ven­ti­la­tion in a dome-type kitchen, you should con­sid­er that it is fixed to the wall. There­fore, holes are first made, dow­els are insert­ed and the prod­uct is fas­tened with bolts or anchors. The con­nec­tion to elec­tric­i­ty and the ven­ti­la­tion shaft fol­lows the same prin­ci­ple as described ear­li­er.

Nuances to consider when installing a hood in a private house

When the hood is installed in the wall, it is nec­es­sary to make the holes cor­rect­ly and fix the device. The lev­el of vibra­tion should be tak­en into account if the fans are pow­er­ful. Oth­er­wise, over time, the fas­ten­ers may loosen and fall out. The pipe should be giv­en smooth bends so that the air moves freely to the ven­ti­la­tion shaft.

If the own­er has basic build­ing skills, he can eas­i­ly install any type of hood in an apart­ment or house with his own hands.