For every tenant of a house or apartment, there comes a time when it becomes a question of replacing furniture in the kitchen. There are some of the most common ways to update a kitchen set with your own hands with the simplest tools and basic building skills. And at the same time, creating an author’s kitchen interior is practically free.
Such restoration, with the right approach, will make it possible to use cabinets and cabinets for several more years, and different methods will help create unusual pieces of furniture.
Basic kitchen set methods
Most often, only facades fail: the hinges on the doors break, the veneer peels off, the color fades, the threads on the handles and other fittings break off. You can also update the furniture in a fairly decent condition, if you want to create a different style in the room, and there is no money in the family budget to buy other cabinets. If only the appearance is worn out, you can update the kitchen set, which will save a large amount.
Features of using self-adhesive film
The cheapest of all ways to update a kitchen set is sticking self-adhesive film over the old coating. The choice of colors, textures, sizes of the canvas on the market of finishing materials is presented in unlimited quantities.
First you need to select the desired material design and determine the width of the roll to be purchased. This will facilitate the work and minimize waste during gluing.
For convenience, it is better to remove the doors from the hinges and place them on a flat horizontal surface, after leaving marks where and what part was located. Before gluing, you need to carefully process the sash. If the veneer is peeled off, remove it completely. In places where this is not possible, carefully grind with sandpaper, making the surface even. It is necessary to wash the doors from grease and other contaminants. Wipe dry at the end.
Details are cut from the roll according to the size of all elements. For convenience, use the markings on the back of the film. When measuring, you should leave a grip of a few centimeters, which compensates for the possibly uneven location of the cut. After gluing, the excess edges can be cut off with a clerical knife.
Gluing occurs in stages. First, about 5 cm of the sticky layer is released from the protective paper. The film is applied along the edge of the facade. Carefully, smoothing the air bubbles from the center to the edges with a silicone spatula or a simple napkin, the cut is glued. All facade parts are processed in the same way.
It is important to know: if tubercles with air remain under the film, they are pierced with a thin needle and smoothed out.
At the end, return the handles to their place. If necessary, change them to others. According to the marks, all the doors are screwed onto the hinges.
Features of using ceramic tiles
Smooth facades can be decorated with ceramic tile inserts. For these purposes, several elements lined up in a row, 1 large rectangular tile of a suitable size or mosaic squares are suitable. It all depends on the imagination of the performer and the conformity of the decor with the general concept of style.
The doors are removed from the hinges, laid on a flat surface, cleaned of dirt. If necessary, paint. For gluing tiles, you can use any suitable tool for these purposes, most often tile glue or liquid nails.
To complete the decorative inserts, you can make a frame from the molding. It remains only to let the glue dry and hang the updated doors in place.
Rules for replacing facades
The simplest, but costly method of updating the facade of the kitchen is to replace the doors. The point is to buy suitable doors, which is not difficult if the headset is on the market.
The way out is how to update the kitchen by replacing the facade, if the kit is out of fashion and it is impossible to purchase accessories for it — custom-made. Any workshop or furniture shop will be happy to take on such work. True, the acquisition will cost an order of magnitude more expensive than finished products.
Production according to an individual sketch can also be used in a standard situation, if an unusual idea for a kitchen facade arises.
The specifics of the use of rattan fabric
You can decorate kitchen furniture with artificial rattan. In addition to the canvas itself, you will need wooden decorative strips.
Important to know: before starting work, the rattan roll is soaked in cold water for 30 minutes. This will increase the volume of the material. As a result, after fixing and drying, the rattan will shrink and stretch on the surface, forming an even coating.
Decorative strips of the desired length are cut in advance, the cuts are made at an angle of 45 °, sanded with sandpaper of the finest spraying. The cut pieces are varnished and allowed to dry. If roughness is formed, they are sanded and a layer of varnish is applied again.
It’s time to fix the pieces of rattan pre-cut from the common roll. To do this, each element is placed in the center of the facade and shot with a construction stapler. Staples must be nailed strictly along the edge of the canvas, so that in the future they will be hidden by planks.
At the final stage, a frame is formed. Prepared decorative strips are nailed with furniture studs without hats, while strengthening the edge of the rattan and hiding the staples.
The most extraordinary way to update an old kitchen set is decoupage decoration. The method involves gluing paper elements (napkins, wallpaper) to some areas or to the entire furniture. Decoupage is especially in demand when finishing rare furniture. It allows you to turn a kitchen cabinet of the last century into an ultra-modern piece of furniture.
First you need to determine what material the surfaces will be pasted over. Buy them. You will also need PVA glue, brushes of different sizes, acrylic clear varnish.
The treated areas of the facades are cleaned of dirt, the entire surface is treated with a primer.
The material chosen for decoration is cut. If you need to make kitchen decorative inserts in the form of a given bitmap, cut out its details. If wallpaper sheets are used, they are glued to the wallpaper paste. Decoupage from napkins is first fixed with water from a spray bottle, and then a layer of PVA is applied over the pattern.
The most crucial moment is smoothing the paper. This is best done with a stiff brush, carefully working the surface from one edge to the other.
After complete drying, the pattern is covered with several layers of transparent varnish.
Often the budget line of furniture is equipped with low-quality fittings. As a result, after a short period of operation, the handles begin to fall off, the hinges are deformed and the doors sag, the drawer pull-out mechanisms fail. If the panel parts have been preserved, you can return the kitchen furniture to its original appearance by installing other spare parts on it.
When purchasing accessories, you should give preference to high-quality goods, carefully inspect moving parts so that after some time you do not encounter the same problem.
Restoration of damaged countertops
The work surface in the kitchen is the most susceptible to damage. If it is made of natural materials, wood or stone, you can restore the original appearance by grinding and polishing.
However, most often in the kitchen they install a countertop made of MDF or chipboard, which basically consist of sawdust. When moisture gets into unprotected places, the structure of the material swells and loses its shape.
To restore such a countertop, you have to work hard. To begin with, the swollen material is cleaned at the place of deformation, leaving only the glued structure. The sawdust is dried and mixed with PVA until a homogeneous consistency. The recesses and chips are sealed with this mass, fixed with bars and left for 2 days, until the glue dries completely. If a piece of laminate has broken off, the already prepared surface can be sealed with a piece of veneer.
The glass countertop cannot be restored at home. Its processing requires the presence of a special tool and skills.
If a piece of plastic countertop breaks off, you can glue it with any suitable glue.