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Kitchen cab­i­nets with the right fill­ing will help to con­ve­nient­ly orga­nize the space in the kitchen. Curb­stones are floor and sus­pend­ed, under the coun­ter­top and high, with a closed and trans­par­ent facade. The main thing is that the design is com­pact, roomy and ful­ly meets the func­tion­al require­ments of the kitchen.Economy cabinets

What cabinets are needed in the kitchen — requirements and characteristics

The room in which food is pre­pared and tak­en should be cozy and com­fort­able, make up an ergonom­ic over­all pic­ture in accor­dance with the giv­en design. The con­stant expo­sure to steam, grease and deter­gents requires kitchen cab­i­nets to have increased struc­tur­al strength and dura­bil­i­ty of the coat­ing.

Entire design depart­ments are con­stant­ly work­ing to expand the range of kitchen fur­ni­ture to meet the require­ments of even the most demand­ing cus­tomers. They make small sets for a small kitchen, U‑shaped designs for a kitchen-stu­dio, lux­u­ri­ous sets from expen­sive nat­ur­al mate­ri­als for sophis­ti­cat­ed rooms.

There should be such fill­ing sys­tems in the kitchen set that can pro­vide con­ve­nient stor­age of small and large dish­es, house­hold appli­ances, food and oth­er nec­es­sary uten­sils.

Economy class cabinets — optimal placement

The bud­get ver­sion of the head­set implies not only the afford­able cost of the prod­uct, but also its cor­rect place­ment, since the sav­ings should also apply to space in the kitchen.

The work­ing area is most often orga­nized near a blank wall, try­ing to arrange all the fur­ni­ture and large house­hold appli­ances (refrig­er­a­tor, wash­ing machine) in one line.

Accord­ing to the avail­able width, the required num­ber of lock­ers is select­ed. If the kitchen is small and only a cou­ple of sec­tions get into it, and the space above the coun­ter­top should remain freely avail­able, they try to make the most of the space at the top of the wall. For this, cab­i­nets up to the ceil­ing are per­fect, in which 3 or even 4 shelves can be locat­ed.

In nar­row spaces, the pres­ence of han­dles can be not only incon­ve­nient, but also quite trau­mat­ic. There­fore, a facade with­out han­dles is used, and the open­ing occurs due to a mech­a­nism that works when pressed.

If the set ends near the door, use an end kitchen cab­i­net with a round­ed or cut facade. It is appro­pri­ate to place a radi­al sec­tion with open shelves in this place.

closed models

Buried mod­els of mod­ern kitchen cab­i­nets are cab­i­net fur­ni­ture with a sewn back wall and doors, equipped with shelves and draw­ers of dif­fer­ent depths.

The mate­r­i­al of the kitchen cab­i­net body is most often made of MDF or chip­board, cov­ered with a pro­tec­tive lay­er of plas­tic, lam­i­nate or veneer.

The facade of the cab­i­nets can be glossy or mat­te, imi­tate the appear­ance of wood or mar­ble, be paint­ed in a giv­en col­or in one tone or with a pat­tern.

The stan­dard kitchen set con­sists of floor-mount­ed closed mod­ules that serve as a sup­port for the coun­ter­top and hang­ing ele­ments that fold into a sin­gle straight com­po­si­tion. If space and the over­all ergonom­ics of the kitchen allow, stan­dard sets are com­bined with high cab­i­nets, open shelves, cab­i­nets with glass inserts.

open models

Installing open shelves in the kitchen pro­vides easy access to items that are most often used. Such mod­els do not clut­ter up the sur­face of the walls with sol­id facades, visu­al­ly expand­ing the space, and allow you to flaunt beau­ti­ful dish­es and dec­o­ra­tive ele­ments.

The visu­al light­ness of the design allows you to install, if nec­es­sary, kitchen cab­i­nets under the open ceil­ing, there­by expand­ing the space used for stor­age. If in the stu­dio kitchen one part of the out­door kitchen set plays the role of a par­ti­tion, the open­ing of the shelf from the side of the din­ing area looks good.

A pos­i­tive point is the price, which is low­er than full-fledged cab­i­nets due to sav­ings on mount­ing hard­ware and facade parts.

But such a piece of fur­ni­ture also has a draw­back — dust, drops of grease and oth­er dirt con­stant­ly set­tle on open sur­faces.

Kitchen cabinet designs

Mod­els dif­fer in shape and pur­pose: floor, hang­ing, cor­ner, under the sink, nar­row cas­es. It has become pop­u­lar to make a kitchen cab­i­net for a refrig­er­a­tor or a wash­ing machine.

By design, all types of kitchen cab­i­nets con­sist of a bot­tom and side walls. The back wall is sewn up with a fiber­board sheet, but there are dif­fer­ences:

  1. The low­er mod­ules do not have a cov­er, only trans­verse bars, because in the future a table­top is installed on top of them.
  2. The cab­i­net for the sink is not equipped with a shelf, so that there is enough space for sew­er and water sup­ply to the sink, instal­la­tion of a fil­ter and a meter.
  3. Nar­row kitchen cab­i­nets and wide cab­i­nets for built-in appli­ances are addi­tion­al­ly rein­forced with cross­bars, the back wall is not sewn up.

The main con­struc­tive dif­fer­ence of all kitchen sets is the design of the facade, which is called the face of the fur­ni­ture. The choice of col­or, tex­ture, shape and aes­thet­ic com­po­nent is unlim­it­ed. It depends only on per­son­al pref­er­ences and the gen­er­al styl­is­tic con­cept of the room.

The most wide­ly used facades are made with imi­ta­tion wood and can be both smooth and struc­tured. Such fur­ni­ture looks beau­ti­ful and suits any inte­ri­or.

Pro­po­nents of min­i­mal­ism can choose glossy smooth sur­faces paint­ed in soft pas­tel col­ors, lovers of clas­sic styles will love the Eng­lish-style kitchen cab­i­net with a white facade and cor­ru­gat­ed opaque glass inserts.

Standard sizes

Mod­ern kitchen sets are mod­u­lar sys­tems, con­sist­ing of sev­er­al ele­ments, the sur­face of the low­er mod­ule is cov­ered with a work­top and serves as a cut­ting table and sink base.

To facil­i­tate the selec­tion, con­di­tion­al size stan­dards were adopt­ed:

  1. The dimen­sions of cor­ner kitchen cab­i­nets are mea­sured along the walls: end ones are 30 and 45 cm, lean­ing against the walls — 60 cm, door width — 38 cm.
  2. Floor cab­i­nets have a depth of 45 or 55 cm, a width of 30, 40, 50, 60 and 80 cm, a height of 85 cm.
  3. Mount­ed com­po­nents are pro­duced with a depth of 30 and 45 cm, a width of 20, 30, 45, 50, 60 and 80 cm, and a height of 30, 60, 70, 90 cm.
  4. Tall kitchen cab­i­nets should be bal­anced with the entire struc­ture of the suite. Width and depth are equal to the para­me­ters of floor or hang­ing pedestals, and the height is cal­cu­lat­ed tak­ing into account the dis­tance between the upper and low­er com­po­nents — 190, 200 and 220 cm with a work­ing wall stan­dard of 45 cm.

How to make a wardrobe with your own hands

Almost all man­u­fac­tur­ers make fur­ni­ture accord­ing to an indi­vid­ual sketch, but the cost of such a set can be quite high. With a num­ber of skills, the nec­es­sary tools and a clear plan of action, it is not dif­fi­cult to make a cup­board for the kitchen with your own hands, while the mas­ter will be sure of the qual­i­ty of the work done.

Blueprints

The cre­ation of a kitchen set begins with the man­u­fac­ture of a lay­out of mod­ules, tak­ing into account the dimen­sions of the room, the loca­tion of com­mu­ni­ca­tions, open­ings and pro­tru­sions in the wall. Accord­ing to the data obtained, the num­ber and type of cab­i­nets are cal­cu­lat­ed, a gen­er­al draw­ing of the head­set and each ele­ment sep­a­rate­ly is made, the thick­ness of the mate­r­i­al used, the nec­es­sary cutouts for pipes, plinth, attach­ment points, etc. are imme­di­ate­ly tak­en into account.

Accord­ing to the design draw­ing, the amount of mate­r­i­al and fit­tings is cal­cu­lat­ed, mark­ings are made and blanks are cut.

Manufacturing materials

For the man­u­fac­ture of the body of the kitchen cab­i­net, it is best to use MDF or chip­board. They are easy to work with and afford­able. Fur­ni­ture made from sol­id wood is more durable, envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly and beau­ti­ful, but wood requires care­ful sand­ing, impreg­na­tion with anti­fun­gal and water-repel­lent agents.

MDF (chip­board) sheet is cov­ered with a mois­ture-resis­tant pro­tec­tive coat­ing, but after cut­ting, the ends must be processed. On hid­den parts, you can lim­it your­self to sil­i­cone water­proof­ing mix­tures. A lam­i­nat­ed tape is glued to the sec­tions of the doors and shelves. In addi­tion, you will need a coun­ter­top. Its length is deter­mined by the over­all size of the struc­ture.

Addi­tion­al­ly, pins for adjustable shelves, hinges, slid­ing mech­a­nisms (if there are draw­ers in the scheme), han­dles are pur­chased. Instead of legs, you can use a full-length pol­ished pine beam. This will reduce costs and bal­ance the design.

Assembly and finishing

Before start­ing to assem­ble the frame, all the nec­es­sary holes are made: recess­es for hinges, recess­es for pins for shelves, etc.

First, the side walls are screwed to the bot­tom, then the upper cross­bars or the lid (depend­ing on the type of prod­uct). In sim­ple pedestals, the back part is sewn up with a fiber­board blank using a con­struc­tion sta­pler. If access to com­mu­ni­ca­tions is nec­es­sary, mea­sure the mid­dle of the height and install a trans­verse bar that will hold the struc­ture togeth­er.

If the instal­la­tion of the kitchen cab­i­net involves hang­ing it on the wall, hooks for anchors are attached to the upper back of the walls.

Organization of the internal space

Fill­ing for kitchen cab­i­nets direct­ly affects the usabil­i­ty and capac­i­ty.

The low­er wide cab­i­nets are designed for stor­ing heavy and bulky items. Most often they are equipped with one shelf. Nar­row ones are equipped with draw­ers of dif­fer­ent depths.

The upper mod­ule is used for lighter kitchen uten­sils, so the num­ber of shelves can be increased depend­ing on its dimen­sions.

Above the sink, it is con­ve­nient to build a wide cab­i­net with two doors and equip it with a dish dry­er: the low­er tier has cells for plates, and above it is a grid for cups and glass­es. To col­lect drip­ping water, a spe­cial met­al con­tain­er is placed under the dry­er.

The cab­i­net under the sink is only par­tial­ly free, so you can use the remain­ing space for unusu­al func­tion­al shelves for deter­gents, a trash can and inven­to­ry.

It is con­ve­nient to install par­ti­tions in draw­ers designed for stor­ing small items, and equip deep cab­i­nets with rotat­ing mech­a­nisms. This will sim­pli­fy access to dis­tant cor­ners and reduce the time spent search­ing for every­thing you need.

If dur­ing plan­ning the head­set remains unclaimed a small space 10–15 cm wide, a roll-out rack with hold­ers for bot­tles or jars of spices is built into it.