Kitchen cabinets with the right filling will help to conveniently organize the space in the kitchen. Curbstones are floor and suspended, under the countertop and high, with a closed and transparent facade. The main thing is that the design is compact, roomy and fully meets the functional requirements of the kitchen.
What cabinets are needed in the kitchen — requirements and characteristics
The room in which food is prepared and taken should be cozy and comfortable, make up an ergonomic overall picture in accordance with the given design. The constant exposure to steam, grease and detergents requires kitchen cabinets to have increased structural strength and durability of the coating.
Entire design departments are constantly working to expand the range of kitchen furniture to meet the requirements of even the most demanding customers. They make small sets for a small kitchen, U‑shaped designs for a kitchen-studio, luxurious sets from expensive natural materials for sophisticated rooms.
There should be such filling systems in the kitchen set that can provide convenient storage of small and large dishes, household appliances, food and other necessary utensils.
Economy class cabinets — optimal placement
The budget version of the headset implies not only the affordable cost of the product, but also its correct placement, since the savings should also apply to space in the kitchen.
The working area is most often organized near a blank wall, trying to arrange all the furniture and large household appliances (refrigerator, washing machine) in one line.
According to the available width, the required number of lockers is selected. If the kitchen is small and only a couple of sections get into it, and the space above the countertop should remain freely available, they try to make the most of the space at the top of the wall. For this, cabinets up to the ceiling are perfect, in which 3 or even 4 shelves can be located.
In narrow spaces, the presence of handles can be not only inconvenient, but also quite traumatic. Therefore, a facade without handles is used, and the opening occurs due to a mechanism that works when pressed.
If the set ends near the door, use an end kitchen cabinet with a rounded or cut facade. It is appropriate to place a radial section with open shelves in this place.
Buried models of modern kitchen cabinets are cabinet furniture with a sewn back wall and doors, equipped with shelves and drawers of different depths.
The material of the kitchen cabinet body is most often made of MDF or chipboard, covered with a protective layer of plastic, laminate or veneer.
The facade of the cabinets can be glossy or matte, imitate the appearance of wood or marble, be painted in a given color in one tone or with a pattern.
The standard kitchen set consists of floor-mounted closed modules that serve as a support for the countertop and hanging elements that fold into a single straight composition. If space and the overall ergonomics of the kitchen allow, standard sets are combined with high cabinets, open shelves, cabinets with glass inserts.
Installing open shelves in the kitchen provides easy access to items that are most often used. Such models do not clutter up the surface of the walls with solid facades, visually expanding the space, and allow you to flaunt beautiful dishes and decorative elements.
The visual lightness of the design allows you to install, if necessary, kitchen cabinets under the open ceiling, thereby expanding the space used for storage. If in the studio kitchen one part of the outdoor kitchen set plays the role of a partition, the opening of the shelf from the side of the dining area looks good.
A positive point is the price, which is lower than full-fledged cabinets due to savings on mounting hardware and facade parts.
But such a piece of furniture also has a drawback — dust, drops of grease and other dirt constantly settle on open surfaces.
Kitchen cabinet designs
Models differ in shape and purpose: floor, hanging, corner, under the sink, narrow cases. It has become popular to make a kitchen cabinet for a refrigerator or a washing machine.
By design, all types of kitchen cabinets consist of a bottom and side walls. The back wall is sewn up with a fiberboard sheet, but there are differences:
- The lower modules do not have a cover, only transverse bars, because in the future a tabletop is installed on top of them.
- The cabinet for the sink is not equipped with a shelf, so that there is enough space for sewer and water supply to the sink, installation of a filter and a meter.
- Narrow kitchen cabinets and wide cabinets for built-in appliances are additionally reinforced with crossbars, the back wall is not sewn up.
The main constructive difference of all kitchen sets is the design of the facade, which is called the face of the furniture. The choice of color, texture, shape and aesthetic component is unlimited. It depends only on personal preferences and the general stylistic concept of the room.
The most widely used facades are made with imitation wood and can be both smooth and structured. Such furniture looks beautiful and suits any interior.
Proponents of minimalism can choose glossy smooth surfaces painted in soft pastel colors, lovers of classic styles will love the English-style kitchen cabinet with a white facade and corrugated opaque glass inserts.
Modern kitchen sets are modular systems, consisting of several elements, the surface of the lower module is covered with a worktop and serves as a cutting table and sink base.
To facilitate the selection, conditional size standards were adopted:
- The dimensions of corner kitchen cabinets are measured along the walls: end ones are 30 and 45 cm, leaning against the walls — 60 cm, door width — 38 cm.
- Floor cabinets have a depth of 45 or 55 cm, a width of 30, 40, 50, 60 and 80 cm, a height of 85 cm.
- Mounted components are produced with a depth of 30 and 45 cm, a width of 20, 30, 45, 50, 60 and 80 cm, and a height of 30, 60, 70, 90 cm.
- Tall kitchen cabinets should be balanced with the entire structure of the suite. Width and depth are equal to the parameters of floor or hanging pedestals, and the height is calculated taking into account the distance between the upper and lower components — 190, 200 and 220 cm with a working wall standard of 45 cm.
How to make a wardrobe with your own hands
Almost all manufacturers make furniture according to an individual sketch, but the cost of such a set can be quite high. With a number of skills, the necessary tools and a clear plan of action, it is not difficult to make a cupboard for the kitchen with your own hands, while the master will be sure of the quality of the work done.
The creation of a kitchen set begins with the manufacture of a layout of modules, taking into account the dimensions of the room, the location of communications, openings and protrusions in the wall. According to the data obtained, the number and type of cabinets are calculated, a general drawing of the headset and each element separately is made, the thickness of the material used, the necessary cutouts for pipes, plinth, attachment points, etc. are immediately taken into account.
According to the design drawing, the amount of material and fittings is calculated, markings are made and blanks are cut.
For the manufacture of the body of the kitchen cabinet, it is best to use MDF or chipboard. They are easy to work with and affordable. Furniture made from solid wood is more durable, environmentally friendly and beautiful, but wood requires careful sanding, impregnation with antifungal and water-repellent agents.
MDF (chipboard) sheet is covered with a moisture-resistant protective coating, but after cutting, the ends must be processed. On hidden parts, you can limit yourself to silicone waterproofing mixtures. A laminated tape is glued to the sections of the doors and shelves. In addition, you will need a countertop. Its length is determined by the overall size of the structure.
Additionally, pins for adjustable shelves, hinges, sliding mechanisms (if there are drawers in the scheme), handles are purchased. Instead of legs, you can use a full-length polished pine beam. This will reduce costs and balance the design.
Assembly and finishing
Before starting to assemble the frame, all the necessary holes are made: recesses for hinges, recesses for pins for shelves, etc.
First, the side walls are screwed to the bottom, then the upper crossbars or the lid (depending on the type of product). In simple pedestals, the back part is sewn up with a fiberboard blank using a construction stapler. If access to communications is necessary, measure the middle of the height and install a transverse bar that will hold the structure together.
If the installation of the kitchen cabinet involves hanging it on the wall, hooks for anchors are attached to the upper back of the walls.
Organization of the internal space
Filling for kitchen cabinets directly affects the usability and capacity.
The lower wide cabinets are designed for storing heavy and bulky items. Most often they are equipped with one shelf. Narrow ones are equipped with drawers of different depths.
The upper module is used for lighter kitchen utensils, so the number of shelves can be increased depending on its dimensions.
Above the sink, it is convenient to build a wide cabinet with two doors and equip it with a dish dryer: the lower tier has cells for plates, and above it is a grid for cups and glasses. To collect dripping water, a special metal container is placed under the dryer.
The cabinet under the sink is only partially free, so you can use the remaining space for unusual functional shelves for detergents, a trash can and inventory.
It is convenient to install partitions in drawers designed for storing small items, and equip deep cabinets with rotating mechanisms. This will simplify access to distant corners and reduce the time spent searching for everything you need.
If during planning the headset remains unclaimed a small space 10–15 cm wide, a roll-out rack with holders for bottles or jars of spices is built into it.