When choosing a kitchen table, pay attention to the design, material and color, and the height of the kitchen table is also an important point.
A person spends part of his life at the kitchen table, cooking, having breakfast, lunch or dinner, so it is important to choose a size that makes cooking and eating comfortable. For example, if the level is not high enough, then the person will have to bend over to the plate.
In order not to experience discomfort or inconvenience when sitting at a table, you should carefully approach the selection of the height of this piece of furniture.
What norms and standards exist
The standard height of the kitchen table is regulated by GOST 13025.3–85 “Household furniture. Functional dimensions of tables. According to this document, the distance from the floor to the cover of the dining furniture should be 710–780 mm, and to the bottom edge of the countertop at least 610 mm. This is necessary for comfortable sitting: so that the knees do not rest against the bottom surface of the table. The average height is considered to be 750 mm.
The distance from the surface of the chair to the countertop in the kitchen according to the standard is 300–340 mm.
The recommended height of the table surface for comfortable work in the kitchen is 860–910 mm from the floor level. This figure is taken based on the position of the arm bent at the elbow, so as not to cause fatigue when cooking while standing, since most of the time the arms are in this position.
Relationship between human height and countertop height
The higher the person, the higher the surface of the working or dining area should be. This rule also works in the opposite direction: for people of short stature or children, the level of dining and working areas is lower than indicated in the standard. The parameters of a person determine the dimensions and dimensions of the furniture that he will have to use.
The height of the table in the kitchen is calculated based on the average height of adult family members. The relationship between a person’s height and the height of furniture in the kitchen is due to ergonomic considerations: if the size is large, then it will be inconvenient to use cutlery, and insufficient height will make you hunch over.
Dependence on the functionality of countertops
Purposes and functions of using kitchen countertops:
- dining, intended for serving and eating;
- workers who cook food;
- countertops with a sink, for washing dishes;
- for the location of kitchen equipment or light and small household appliances;
- for decoration of the room, designer, decorative countertops.
The height of dining rooms depends on the sitting position of family members, as well as their convenience in using what is located on the table in a sitting position.
The location of the desktop surface should be calculated taking into account the growth of hostesses. The cutting surface for comfortable work in the kitchen should be located 10–20 cm below the elbow.
The height of the countertop for arranging equipment does not play a big role, it should be selected to match the level with the worker.
Decorative countertops give beauty and originality to the room, their height should not stand out from the style of the kitchen and kitchen set.
How to determine the size
You can decide on the right size in the store: sit down at the table and try to put your bent arm at the elbow on it, lean on it. Imagine sitting in this position for a long time. Rate how convenient it is. The elbows should not hang down, and the angle at the elbow joint should be 90° or slightly more.
You can choose the required size of the kitchen table by calculations. The calculation of the optimal height of the dining table is carried out according to the formula:
H u003d R x hav / Rav,
where H is the desired value, showing how high the kitchen table should be;
R is the height of the person for whom the calculation is being made (you can take the average of all adult family members);
hav — average standard height, considered to be equal to 75 cm;
Rav is the average human height according to world standards, it is taken equal to 165 cm.
Calculation of parameters
Let’s calculate the ideal table height for a man with a height of 178 cm. Substituting the values into the calculation formula, we get: H u003d 178 x 75 / 165 ≈ 81 cm.
To find out what height of the kitchen work area will be optimal, you need to divide the height in half.
Height adjustable tables
In addition to the classic options for arranging tables, there are mechanical modules, or transformers, that allow you to adjust the height of the product. Often they have X‑shaped legs (supports) that allow you to adjust this parameter, or they can be equipped with a retractable or electronic mechanism.
A small writing or coffee table can also act as such a product, which, when transformed, turns into a full-fledged dining table.
The advantages of such furniture include:
- comfort for the whole family — the ability to adapt to both an adult and a child;
- compactness and space saving due to multifunctionality;
- practicality and the ability to use in different areas
The disadvantage of height-adjustable kitchen tables is their high cost and low maximum load that they can withstand: from 30 to 45 kg, depending on the type of product.
What threatens the wrong choice
An incorrectly selected kitchen table model will create a feeling of tension, discomfort, and fatigue.
When cutting products, about 40 muscles are involved. If the work surface is located in the kitchen from the floor above the required level, then the load on these muscles increases by 50%. If the height of the kitchen working area is lower than necessary, then the number of muscles involved increases, which leads to rapid fatigue.
The correct choice of the height of the working and dining areas will help to avoid back problems and related ailments. Given your height and knowing the formula for calculation, you can choose the optimal model of the kitchen desktop.