Making facades for the kitchen with your own hands is a good way to save money on buying a kitchen set. Old furniture can be given a different look by replacing the doors of cabinets and cabinets, installing doors that open upwards, complementing the set with fashionable details and beautiful fittings. And even the furniture facades themselves can be made by hand from relatively cheap and affordable materials.
Replacing the fronts of the kitchen is a great way to update the kitchen set.
The furniture facade is the face of the kitchen and the main component of its style. Decorating the headset with home-made parts should be done only when there is a great desire to do the job efficiently and accurately, because improper assembly can ruin even the best materials.
For independent production of facades from solid wood or shaped bent doors, you will need skills in working with wood, MDF or chipboard, as well as the availability of special tools.
In a simpler version, self-updating the kitchen set with furniture facades is limited to taking measurements and installing updated doors and drawer panels in their intended places. Finished parts can be bought and ordered in furniture stores. There is also a service for sawing and edging selected MDF or chipboard panels. At home, without a special tool, it is difficult to accurately cut laminated boards.
But even buying or ordering panels in a store will cost less than buying ready-made cabinet furniture. Therefore, updating the kitchen by replacing facades is a common design technique.
Manufacturing options from different materials
Most often, do-it-yourself kitchen facades are made of wood. It is an easy-to-process, affordable and cheap raw material for the manufacture of materials for the furniture industry. Kitchen facades must be resistant to detergents, temperature and humidity, and wood and laminated panels meet these conditions.
Do-it-yourself facades are easy to make from such materials:
- solid wood;
- pressed (chipboard, chipboard, MDF).
To work with the listed types of furniture raw materials, complex equipment is not required; wood can be cut with an electric jigsaw or a hand saw.
Warm and beautiful material — solid wood — is traditionally used for making furniture. Valuable breeds can also be used for finishing facades in the kitchen: solid oak or beech will look elegant and noble in a classic-style interior. But for a novice master, soft and light wood of cheaper types is best suited: pine or linden.
From wood, you can make 2 types of facades:
- Flat ones are easy to make with your own hands from a furniture board. This is a ready-made material glued from separate boards, so the size of the facade can be any, in accordance with the requirements of the master. Shield panels can be smooth. They can be decorated with overhead moldings. To do this, frames of various sizes and shapes are made from a curly rail, which must be purchased at a furniture store.
- Paneled facades are more complex in design. For their manufacture, you will need to make a frame (strapping) with a groove for installing the inside. Inserts, or panels, for a paneled door are made of solid wood, figuratively cutting off the edges of the board, and plywood. As inserts, you can use a mirror or corrugated glass. To make the door strong, all the details of the frame are connected using grooves and their corresponding spikes on glue and dowels. The panels are inserted into the grooves or fastened with a figured glazing bead.
Ready-made doors for the kitchen made of solid wood can be varnished or stained to imitate valuable species, patinated to give an aged look, or simply painted.
Plywood facades resemble massive ones: the top layer of birch plywood has a pronounced wood structure, some types of material have a moisture-resistant coating that gives smoothness and slight sheen. For the manufacture of plywood facades, it is better to choose thick varieties (2–3 cm). This will allow you to install mortise hinges for furniture, and the doors will be strong. Close the edge of the facades with a special tape, matched to the wood of the front side.
If there is no thick plywood, you can make beautiful facades using the technology of paneled doors. At the same time, a board about 2 cm thick is used for the frame, and the inserts are made of plywood.
With the help of additional decor (molding, painting, patination or staining), you can achieve a good result by making updated facades for kitchen furniture with your own hands.
The simplest option for making an MDF facade is to measure the dimensions of doors and panels and order products in a furniture store. Having chosen boards with a coating of the desired color, the measurement results must be given to the master. On professional equipment, the material will be cut and glued on the edges. The customer will only have to pick up the facades prepared for installation and hang them with their own hands.
When self-cutting laminated MDF panels, it will not be possible to avoid chips on the coating along the cut line. Therefore, when cutting, you need to make an allowance of 2–3 mm around the entire perimeter of the facade. After sawing the edges, process with sandpaper, cleaning the cuts.
To glue the edges with your own hands, it is better to use PVC tape of the desired shade. The material is easy to fix on the edges of the facade with a hot iron, ironing the tape through thick paper. If it is possible to use a router at home, then it will be possible to perform edging with a tape with a spike.
The choice of materials for the kitchen must be approached responsibly: the plastic coating does not protect against water, and in conditions of high humidity, such facades quickly lose their shape. When using this type of panels, it is necessary to perform edging with high quality, so it is better to entrust the work to a professional.
Facade from chipboard
Choosing a cheap uncoated chipboard, you need to buy a film for finishing the facade. You can cut a simple chipboard with an electric jigsaw, and glue the finished facades with a film.
Chipboard has a coating that resembles valuable wood or is painted in different colors. It is better to cut such material in the workshop, providing the master with the dimensions of the panels and the location of the hinges. When cutting facades on your own, proceed as follows:
- draw a contour line on the front side of the chipboard;
- cut through the laminated layer of material with a sharp knife along the ruler;
- saw the chipboard with an electric jigsaw along the cut line.
The edging of the facade from laminated chipboard is carried out in the same way as the processing of MDF.
Facades with gloss belong to the MDF group. To cover such models use:
- PVC film glued on a panel with or without milling on vacuum equipment;
- acrylic plastic with PVC or aluminum edge;
- special technology of staining with enamel and varnish.
It is impossible to make such a coating at home. To make a fashionable glossy facade for kitchen furniture, you need to purchase ready-made material. It is better to order cutting and edge stickers in the workshop, because when sanding with your own hands, the shiny layer will be damaged, and the facade will not look as elegant as in advertising photos.
When using glossy facades, careful attention to products will be required. On a shiny surface, the slightest dirt or fingerprints are clearly visible. The surface is easily damaged by slight mechanical impact, and the film coating is also unstable to high temperatures.
Facades of non-standard form are becoming more and more popular. Fashionable doors, curved along the contour of the rounded corner of the tabletop, can only be made to order: they cannot be bought ready-made. But for a home craftsman who has the skills to work with MDF and chipboard and has the necessary equipment, independent production of such parts of a kitchen set is available.
The laminated coating is applied in a thin layer on the surface of the pressed plate. To bend a solid material, it is necessary to saw through the thickness of the chipboard so as not to damage the coating and leave a thin layer of the base (about 1 mm). Therefore, you need to have a circular saw with adjustable cutting depth. You can determine the desired value by measuring the thickness of the sheet and by the experimental method: trying to make cuts of the desired depth on MDF scraps.
To make a curved door, you need 2 parts from a 0.9 cm thick sheet: the outer one is slightly larger than the inner one. Mark the wrong side of each sheet into strips 0.5–0.7 cm wide where you want to bend the MDF. Determine the center line of each workpiece.
It should be remembered that both for attaching the hinges and for joining with the adjacent panel, you must leave straight sections with a width of at least 5–6 cm. The bend should begin at a distance from the edge corresponding to this value.
After the cuts are made, proceed as follows:
- on a pre-made template for bending, put the inner part with cuts on the top;
- fill the holes in both blanks with a mixture of sawdust and wood glue, smooth the surface with a hard brush;
- aligning the marks of the central lines, apply the outer part of the bent panel to the inner one with a decorative coating upwards;
- smooth well over the entire surface, pressing the adhesive layer inside and tighten both parts with clamps, fixing them on the template.
When the glue dries, you can proceed to further processing.
On curved facades, it is desirable to install hinges with a push-open function. This is a special fitting that allows you to make facades without handles. Depending on the project of the owners, it is possible to install decorative fittings, as on other parts of the furniture set.
How is the installation done?
For hanging doors, 4‑hinged mortise hinges (frogs) are used. Different types of such fittings have different opening angles, so you need to focus on your own requests when purchasing them. For inserting furniture hinges on the facades, recesses are made from the inside. When drilling, you need to use a special nozzle for a drill: a cutter with a diameter of 3.5 cm.
On the inside of the pedestal, attach the overhead part of the loop to the self-tapping screws. Place the counterpart in the recess on the door and secure it. Hang the facade and adjust it with special bolts. Tighten the screws after adjustment.
To install a lifting facade on a wall cabinet, you need to purchase gas lifts (lifts). This is a special fitting in the form of a rod with a reservoir. When the door is opened, the lift locks it in the raised position. Installing the elevator comes down to fixing the brackets on the box and the door.
Front panels on drawers are mounted from the inside. To do this, a through hole is made in the front wall of the box. A self-tapping screw is screwed through it into the MDF so that the fasteners do not go through.
Handles — a practical decoration for kitchen furniture
Handles are not only a functional piece of furniture. They complement and decorate facades. In styles with strict lines (minimalism, hi-tech), handles sometimes serve as an emphasizing element: large, shiny, but simple fittings are used. Such handles resemble roof rails and are located both vertically and horizontally.
The lightness of fashionable sets with glossy facades or made in modern style is better not to make them heavier with additional fittings. For such kitchens, ways of opening without the help of handles have been invented, by pressing the door. But sometimes such cabinets are equipped with special fittings, disguising the handle as an aluminum edge.
For rustic and luxurious styles, it is customary to choose antique handles, with a finish that imitates old bronze or made of non-ferrous metal. These are frilly cast products that should be combined with the decor of the facade.
The handles must be installed after hanging the facades on the pedestals. In order for the entire line of handles to be placed at the same height above the floor, you can stretch the cord along the entire front of the lower tier. On this line it is necessary to make marks for installing the handle on each door. The same is true when installing handles on drawers or wall cabinets.
How to properly install the handles on the facades in each individual case is written in the instructions for these products. Holes for their installation can be made in different ways: through in the plane, closed at the ends, or otherwise. When buying handles, it is better to purchase several pieces for repair during operation, as these products can be discontinued, and it will be difficult to find a replacement if necessary.
For the manufacture and installation of different types of furniture facades, you may need:
- circular saw or jigsaw;
- manual milling cutter (for embossing);
- drill with nozzles;
- a screwdriver or different screwdrivers (there are bolts on the hinges with a straight and cross recess);
- for processing slices you need a file and sandpaper;
- electric iron for sticking edge tape;
- measuring tape or tape measure.
If you want to make paneled facades for the kitchen with your own hands, then you may need a jointer to select a quarter for insertion, and a chisel for making grooves in the strapping details.