The stylish design of the kitchen implies not only the presence of an attractive appearance of the room, but also the convenient location of all utensils. Wall cabinets for the kitchen will solve this problem.
Benefits of wall cabinets
This piece of furniture is versatile and easy to use. It harmonizes with any interior. Today there is a wide variety of models for the manufacture of which different materials are used (fiberboard, chipboard, MDF, glass, plastic, metal) and structural elements (sliding or hinged doors, shelves of various shapes, the presence of dryers, decorated lighting).
Installing wall cabinets in the kitchen will allow you to conveniently place dishes and household appliances. In most cases, furniture is mounted under the ceiling. Thanks to this, the work surface is unloaded, and the dining area becomes larger, which is especially important for a small kitchen.
The furniture has compact dimensions and has traditional colors. These features are suitable for rooms decorated in a minimalist style. The presence of models with different sizes and shapes makes it possible to mount wall cabinets in any part of the room.
Types of cabinets
There are several types of products:
- with dryer;
- with extractor.
Standard models are placed anywhere: on a free wall, above a countertop or dining area. Furniture is used to store food and utensils.
Corner kitchen cabinets are mounted in the corner of the room. Their main purpose is to effectively fill the room space and store small-sized appliances and utensils.
Mounted models can be equipped with dryers for cups and plates. It should be borne in mind that the depth of such furniture should exceed the dimensions of the largest plate. In most cases, dryers are mounted above the sink.
Cabinets with built-in appliances are installed above the hob or stove. They hide the appliance, improving the aesthetic properties of the kitchen.
Model doors also play an important role. Depending on this criterion, cabinets come with hinged, sliding, folding and folding doors. The most popular products with hinged doors. This is due to the fact that they are easy to repair.
Depending on the appearance, hinged models are divided into open and closed.
The use of such cabinets for the kitchen is advisable when beautiful dishes or other stylish accessories are displayed.
- visual increase in room space;
- there is no need to spend time looking for the right item (everything is at hand);
- reasonable price (an open wall cabinet is cheaper than closed structures);
- combination with any design.
But there are also disadvantages:
- the need to constantly maintain the container in order (randomly placed utensils will spoil the appearance);
- more frequent care of furniture (dust is constantly collected);
- the impossibility of placing pots and utensils that are used daily in the foreground (ugly packaging will worsen the attractiveness of designs with open shelves).
It is better to use closed furniture. For example, the use of closed cabinets Standard will allow you to hide ugly containers and store food. Instead of wooden doors, you can purchase a model with glass fittings.
The advantages of closed furniture are obvious:
- minimal impact of external factors;
- maximum protection against dust penetration.
If a kitchen cabinet with a drying rack is made of MDF, then the additional advantages of the product are: strength, environmental friendliness and resistance to the appearance of fungi and mold.
How to choose the right size
At the initial stage, appropriate measurements are made of the room where the furniture is planned to be installed. The measurement results are transferred to paper. When placing a kitchen set along the entire wall, measurements are taken between opposite corners.
Particular attention is paid to the height of the ceiling. The dimensions of the wall cabinets directly depend on this indicator. The optimal solution is to measure at several points, since there is not always a flat ceiling and floor.
Although the standard dimensions of kitchen furniture are 800x300x700 mm, a lot will depend on the size of the room, the location of household appliances and the work area.
The main requirement for the placement of furniture is that the hostess should be comfortable working. The standard height of kitchen cabinets is in the range of 0.7–0.9 m. The location of the countertop and hob affects the more accurate value.
The bottom edge of the furniture should be at a distance of:
- 45–55 cm — from the countertop;
- 70–75 cm — from the electric stove;
- Up to 80 cm — from a gas stove.
Also, the height of the structure depends on the growth of the hostess of the house. A woman should reach the first shelf. Otherwise, the comfort of her stay (and even more so work) can be out of the question. This also applies to too low placement of furniture.
The depth of kitchen products for storing dishes and products directly depends on the functionality of wall cabinets and the load to which they will be subjected. It is calculated as follows.
If the furniture is planned to be placed above the work surface, then this figure is 50% of the width of the countertop. This design will not interfere with the hostess when cooking.
The standard depth of hanging products is 30–40 cm. If the cabinets are too narrow (less than 30 cm), then pots and plates will not fit in them. In the presence of a built-in microwave oven or placing the headset on the wall, opposite stove and countertop, the depth of the structure can be increased to 50–60 cm.
In most cases, the width of the upper cabinets coincides with the dimensions of the lower structures and depends on the number of doors (from 0.3 to 1 m). Furniture with one leaf has a width of 0.3–0.5 m, with two — 0.6–1 m.
Distinctive features are associated with the corner set. The width of its sides ranges from 0.25 to 0.6 m.
Types of fasteners with installation instructions
The use of fasteners simplifies the installation work. Thanks to their use, small errors in surface marking are eliminated and the strength properties of the structure are improved.
Before hanging furniture, it is necessary to carry out all electrical work and prepare the walls. For self-installation, you will need the following tools:
- electric drill;
- set of screwdrivers;
- open-end wrenches;
- a hammer;
Adjustable canopies for kitchen cabinets are used as fasteners. The canopy is a bracket consisting of two elements: a steel rail and an adjustment mechanism with a hook. The tire is attached to the wall, and the hook of the adjusting mechanism is connected to its upper edge. The plastic body of the bracket is mounted inside the cabinet. Instead of adjustable canopies, you can use furniture hinges.
Installation of cabinets can be carried out:
- on the rail;
- on the bar;
- on loops.
On the bar
The bar for hanging kitchen structures is made of metal or plastic. Before hanging furniture, it should be mentioned that this technology will not ensure its snug fit to the base. To ensure a uniform gap, you will either have to fix the second rail at the bottom of the cabinet, or make sure that the bottom edge of the furniture is on top of the kitchen backsplash.
When mounting furniture, an adjustable canopy is used as fasteners on the bar. The canopy hook protrudes enough to catch on the metal (plastic) rail. The distance from the hook to the top edge of the cabinet is measured. Taking into account the height of the structure, places are marked for holes for dowel-nails, with the help of which the bar is fixed to the base. In the presence of a wall with excellent load-bearing capacity, the plank can be cut for each cabinet.
When using this method of hanging furniture, it is easier to mark and fit. At the same time, the accuracy of the installation of the structure is higher.
For proper fastening, a wooden rail is applied to the back of the cabinet and appropriate marks are made. The rail is placed 2–3 cm below the top of the cabinet.
Two lines are drawn on the surface of the base. One indicates the location of the upper part of the furniture, the second indicates the slats. Holes are made in the rail, after which it is applied to the wall. Marks are made along the drilled holes where the dowel-nails will be screwed.
In a concrete or brick surface, holes are drilled in advance. After that, the rail is fixed with dowel-nails. The cabinet is connected to the rail. Drilling holes occurs in places where electrical wiring is not laid.
This method is more accessible. But you need to spend more time, you need an assistant.
After determining the upper boundary, a horizontal line is drawn along the entire length. The correctness of its application is checked by the level. On the line mark the first point under the loop. After drilling a hole with a drill, the furniture is temporarily suspended to determine the point for the next fastener.
Similarly, all fasteners for kitchen wall cabinets are used. After the headset items are fixed and checked by level, adjacent structures are connected with furniture screws.
The final stage
At the final stage, the installation of doors is carried out. The fittings have round recesses in which hinges are fixed with self-tapping screws.
The door is hung on cruciform plates. Bolts are slightly tightened. After that, the door is closed and its position is checked. If it is slightly beveled, then an adjustment is made. To do this, in turn, either tighten or loosen each of the two bolts.
When choosing products, pay attention to the following factors:
- The size and layout of the headset. They depend on the size of the kitchen.
- The presence of chips and cracks.
- Door condition. They should open and close easily, and be firmly attached without gaps or distortions.
- Depth and height of the model. Furniture must not be caught by the head when the body is tilted, and the minimum distance between the countertop and wall cabinets should be 45 cm.
- Room design. When hanging furniture, it should be in harmony with the interior of the room.
An important criterion when choosing products is the coating of the material from which they are made.
Among the popular furniture coatings, the following should be highlighted:
- thermal film;
Enamel improves the resistance of the material to changes in humidity and temperature fluctuations. Characterized by ease of care.
The veneer has high strength and attractive appearance. Damaged areas are subject to restoration.
Plastic is resistant to mechanical stress, high humidity and fading. The cover is easy to care for.
Thermal film is used to decorate cabinets made of MDF. Resistant to the negative effects of the external environment (moisture, ultraviolet, mechanical damage, high temperature).
Another choice of furniture depends on the countertop, which should stylishly complement the kitchen set. Its light colors will visually enlarge the room, dark ones will make the room compact.